On This Day

Historical Events in 1924 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 329 of 329

US Open Women's Tennis

Aug 16 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Helen Wills Moody beats 7-time winner Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6-1, 6-3

  • Aug 17 French-German trade agreement signed
  • Aug 18 France begins withdrawing troops from the Ruhr
  • Aug 23 Mars' closest approach to Earth since 10th century
  • Aug 25 International maritime treaty drawn

Sports History

Aug 25 MLB Washington Senator Walter Johnson 2nd no-hitter beats Browns, 2-0 in 7 inn

  • Aug 26 The Catastrophe of Smyrna: known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor. (August 13 OS)
  • Aug 28 Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union
  • Aug 29 Germany's Reichstag approves the Dawes Plan, which sought to solve the WWI reparations problem

World Record

Aug 31 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)

  • Sep 1 Kenchoji Rinzai temple in Kamakur Japan, heavily damaged by earthquake
  • Sep 2 Rudolf Friml and Herbert Stothart's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in NYC
  • Sep 2 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Tilden wins 5th straight US singles title; beats Bill Johnston for 3rd consecutive year 6-1, 9-7, 6-2
  • Sep 3 Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
  • Sep 3 L Stallings & M Anderson's "What Price Glory?" premieres in NYC

Assassination Attempt

Sep 6 Assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini fails

  • Sep 6 Charles Paddock captures 100 & 200 yd AAU national senior outdoor track & field championships
  • Sep 8 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
  • Sep 9 Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • Sep 10 New York Giants rip Boston Braves, 22-1 at the Polo Grounds; future Baseball HOF infielder Frankie Frisch goes 6-for-6 before grounding out
  • Sep 10 Leopold and Loeb found guilty of the murder of Robert Franks in Chicago in the "the crime of the century"
  • Sep 12 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Philadelphia, PA: Bill Johnston & Bill Tilden clinch US 5th straight title beating Australians Pat O'Hara Wood & Gerald Patterson 5-7, 6-3, 6-4, 6-1 for 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • Sep 13 19th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (5-0)
  • Sep 14 Walter Johnson selected as the American League MVP
  • Sep 16 Cardinal Jim Bottomley bats in 12 RBIs in 1 game
  • Sep 17 Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
  • Sep 18 Government routes 7 Provinces to Peking

PGA Championship

Sep 20 PGA Championship Men's Golf, French Lick CC: 1921 champion Walter Hagen beats Englishman Jim Barnes 2-up in the final

  • Sep 20 Carl Mays is 1st pitcher to win 20 games seasons for 3 different teams
  • Sep 20 Cub's Grover Cleveland Alexander beats NY Giants to win 300th game
  • Sep 24 Boston, Massachusetts, opens its airport
  • Sep 25 Malcolm Campbell sets world auto speed record at 146.16 miles per hour
  • Sep 27 Giants clinch their 4th straight pennant, beating Phils 5-1
  • Sep 28 2 US Army planes end around-world flight, Seattle to Seattle, 57 stops
  • Sep 28 French government names Gen Serrail governor-general of Syria
  • Sep 28 General Plutarco Calles elected president of Mexico
  • Sep 29 Santo Domingo joins League of Nations
  • Sep 29 Senators clinch pennant, finishing 2 games in front of Yankees
  • Sep 30 Allies stop checking on German navy
  • Oct 1 1st Dutch airliner, the Fokker F.VII takes off from Amsterdam for Batavia (Java)
  • Oct 1 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)at Vilpuri, Russia
  • Oct 1 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Landis bans NY Giants outfielder Jimmy O'Connell & coach Cozy Dolan from World Series after they attempt to bribe Phillies shortstop Heinie Sand
  • Oct 2 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
  • Oct 3 King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
  • Oct 4 New York Giants became first team to play in 4 consecutive World Series; win Game 1, 4-3 at Griffith Field; lose series, 4-3 in manager John McGraw's 9th and final WS appearance
  • Oct 5 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • Oct 7 Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms

Historic Event

Oct 8 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives

  • Oct 10 Baseball World Series: Washington Senators edge NY Giants, 4-3 in 12 innings in Game 7 at Griffith Stadium to take series, 4-3; Sens' first World Series victory
  • Oct 11 Bureau of Surrealist Research opens in Paris, directed by Antonin Artaud, resource centre for surrealist writers
  • Oct 12 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow

Historic Event

Oct 13 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

  • Oct 14 Arnold Schoeberg's opera "Die Gluckliche Hand" premieres in Vienna

Statue of Liberty

Oct 15 US President Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument

Historic Publication

Oct 15 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

Sports History

Oct 18 Harold "Red" Grange, finest collegiate football game (4 long TD runs)

  • Oct 18 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, NY Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
  • Oct 19 General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hr work day in Belgium
  • Oct 20 1st Negro League World Series: KC Monarchs shuts out Hilldales, 5-0
  • Oct 21 KLM Fokker's F7 H-NACC departs to Dutch East Indies
  • Oct 22 Toastmasters International is founded
  • Oct 24 Christian General Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
  • Oct 24 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine awarded to Dutchman Willem Einthoven "for his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram"
  • Oct 27 The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union
  • Oct 28 French-Russian trade agreement signed
  • Oct 28 White Sox beat NY Giants 8-4 in Dublin, less than 20 fans attend

Scientific Discovery

Oct 28 Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.

  • Oct 29 Musical revue "Dixie to Broadway" opens at Broadhurst Theater

Election of Interest

Oct 29 Labour minority government loses British parliamentary election to Conservatives led by Stanley Baldwin

  • Oct 31 World Savings Day announced in Milan, Italy, by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks)
  • Nov 1 Boston Bruins officially join the NHL, becoming the first United States based team to enter the League; Montreal Maroons also join NHL, but only last until 1938
  • Nov 2 Sunday Express publishes first British crossword puzzle
  • Nov 4 California legalizes professional boxing (illegal since 1914)
  • Nov 4 Nellie Tayloe Ross one of the first two women elected US governor (Wyoming) [See also Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, of Texas]

Election of Interest

Nov 4 Calvin Coolidge is elected to a full term as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John W. Davis

  • Nov 4 Stanley Baldwin becomes Britain's Prime Minister for a second time after a landslide victory over Ramsay MacDonald's Labour Party
  • Nov 4 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson one of the first two women elected US governor (of Texas) [See also Nellie Tayloe Ross, of Wyoming]
  • Nov 8 Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt
  • Nov 8 Fortune Theatre opens in London
  • Nov 10 Dion O'Banion, leader of the North Side Gang is assassinated in his flower shop by members of Johnny Torrio's gang, sparking the bloody gang war of the 1920s in Chicago.
  • Nov 11 Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St NYC
  • Nov 11 Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated in San Francisco
  • Nov 12 Jewish school Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Hebron, Palestine
  • Nov 15 Dutch Christian Radio Society (NCRV) forms
  • Nov 16 Cleveland Bulldogs lose, 12-7 to Frankford Yellow Jackets at Dunn Field; ends 31-game undefeated streak; NFL and major-league football record
  • Nov 21 British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin cancels Labour contract with USSR
  • Nov 22 Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan
  • Nov 24 1st Dutch airliner, Fokker F.VII lands in Batavia (Java) after flying from Amsterdam
  • Nov 24 General Feng Yu-Hsiang, a warlord from the north of China, turns on his allies and seizes Peking
  • Nov 26 Mongolian People's Republic proclaimed
  • Nov 27 57,000 watch a High School football game (LA & Polytechnic tie 7-7)
  • Nov 27 In New York City, the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held
  • Nov 28 Pieter Jelle Troelstra leaves Dutch 2nd Chamber
  • Nov 29 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Queen's University wins 3rd straight Championship; defeat Toronto Balmy Beach, 11-3
  • Nov 29 NHL's Montreal Forum opens
  • Nov 30 National Football League Championship: Cleveland Bulldogs (7-1-1) [formerly Canton] win first past the post title
  • Nov 30 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)
  • Nov 30 French and Belgium troops withdrawn from their occupation of the Rurh
  • Dec 1 Plutarco Elías Calles becomes President of Mexico

Music Premiere

Dec 1 George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 1 "La Révolution surréaliste" publishes its first issue in Paris, edited by André Breton
  • Dec 1 The Boston Bruins beat fellow expansion Montreal Maroons, 2-1 at Boston Arena; first NHL game to be played in the United States
  • Dec 2 British-German trade agreement signed
  • Dec 5 Hamilton Tiger Red Green scores 5 goals to beat Tor Maple Leafs 10-5
  • Dec 7 German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
  • Dec 9 Netherlands & Hungary trade treaty signed
  • Dec 9 Michael Hainisch re-elected Austrian president
  • Dec 10 Agreement reached on permanent rotation of World Series with each league, getting games 1, 2, 6, 7 in alternating years
  • Dec 12 Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • Dec 13 KOA-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
  • Dec 14 Respighi's symphony "Pini di Roma" premieres in Paris

Music History

Dec 16 Noël Coward's "Vortex" premieres in London

Election of Interest

Dec 16 Hiram Bingham is elected as a Republican to serve in the US Senate forcing him to resign as Governor of Connecticut after serving only one day in office, the shortest term of any Connecticut Governor

  • Dec 17 1st US diesel electric locomotive enters service, Bronx, NY
  • Dec 17 The Hamilton Tigers and Ottawa Senators battle out the first scoreless game in NHL history; Jake Forbes (Hamilton) and Alex Connell (Ottawa) each record shutouts
  • Dec 19 Test Cricket debut of Bill Ponsford, who scored 110 in 1st innings
  • Dec 19 The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.

Coup d'état

Dec 20 Adolf Hitler freed from jail early, having served only nine months of five-year sentence for "Beer Hall Putsch"

  • Dec 22 Babe Dye of NHL's Toronto St Patricks scores 5 goals beat Bruins 10-2
  • Dec 22 Philip Barry's "Youngest" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 24 1st radio transmission of NCRV in Netherlands
  • Dec 24 Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
  • Dec 24 Richard Rodgers Theater (46th St Chanin's) opens at 226 W 46th NYC
  • Dec 24 School in Babb's Switch, Oklahoma, catches fire, 36 die

Film & TV History

Dec 26 Frances Gumm (later Judy Garland), age 2½, billed as 'Baby Frances', makes her show business debut

  • Dec 27 Albania is declared a dictatorship under Ahmed Beg Zofu
  • Dec 27 The US signs a treaty with the Dominican Republic, which supersedes that of 1907: in July, the Us had withdrawn its Marines and ended its occupation

Historic Event

Dec 30 Astronomer Edwin Hubble formally announces existence of other galactic systems at meeting of the American Astronomical Society

  • Dec 31 Italian Fascist Mussolini orders the suppression of opposition newspapers