On This Day

Historical Events in 1926

Events 1 - 200 of 323

  • Jan 1 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
  • Jan 1 12th Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Washington, 20-19
  • Jan 3 Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator
  • Jan 4 Theodoros Pangalos resigns as Greek dictator
  • Jan 6 Kees Boeke opens 1st comprehensive school in Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz; forerunner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • Jan 20 2nd German government of Luther begins
  • Jan 21 Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties
  • Jan 22 Belgian chief of staff General Maglinse quits

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 John Logie Baird gives the first public demonstration of television in his laboratory in London

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • Jan 27 US Senate agrees to join World Court

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jan 27 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his theory of wave mechanics and presents what becomes known as the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • Feb 1 Kirghiz Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kirghiz ASSR
  • Feb 1 Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch
  • Feb 2 3 men dance Charleston for 22 hours

  • Feb 2 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Adelaide: Daphne Akhurst Cozens retains title; beats Esna Boyd Robertson 6-1, 6-3
  • Feb 2 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Adelaide: In all-Australian final John Hawkes beats James Willard 6-1, 6-3, 6-1
  • Feb 4 Austrian chancellor Seipel wants to join Germany
  • Feb 6 NFL rules college students ineligible until college classes graduates
  • Feb 6 St Louis Browns acquire catcher Wally Schang from NY Yankees
  • Feb 8 German Reichstag decides to apply for League of Nations membership
  • Feb 8 Sean O'Casey's "Plough & Stars" opens at Abbey Theater Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 8 Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio becomes Walt Disney Studios

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Feb 9 Teaching theory of evolution forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia schools
  • Feb 10 Building of Olympic Stadium Amsterdam, begins
  • Feb 11 Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ
  • Feb 12 Barendrecht soccer team forms
  • Feb 15 Brooks Atkinson Theater opens at 256 W 47th St NYC
  • Feb 15 Contract air mail service begins in US
  • Feb 16 Suzanne Lenglen defeats US champion Helen Wills in influential tennis match in Cannes, France
  • Feb 17 Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah; 40 die
  • Feb 20 Montreal and Ottawa battle out just the second 0-0 tie in NHL history; dominant goalies are Clint Benedict (Maroons) and Alex Connell (Senators)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 25 Francisco Franco becomes Spain's youngest general at 33

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Feb 25 Kwo-Min-Tang (Guomindang) declares war on government and warlords
  • Feb 26 Dark Street in the Bronx renamed Lustre Street

  • Mar 3 International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla)
  • Mar 4 De Geer government in Netherlands takes office
  • Mar 6 China asks for a seat on the Security council
  • Mar 7 1st transatlantic telephone call (London-NY)
  • Mar 9 Bertha Landes elected 1st woman mayor of Seattle
  • Mar 10 Run on Belgian banks
  • Mar 11 Eamon da Valera ends leadership of Sinn Féin
  • Mar 12 Denmark begins unilateral disarmament

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Mar 12 Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • Mar 14 Train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93
  • Mar 15 Belgium's "black monday", franc falls

InventionHistoric Invention

Mar 16 Robert H. Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, goes 184' (56 meters)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Mar 17 Dutch Calvinists oust Rev J G Geelkerken over Genesis 3

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 17 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's musical "Girl Friend" premieres in NYC

Composer Richard Rodgers
Composer
Richard Rodgers
  • Mar 17 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens outscore Pitt Pirates, 6-4 in 2 games

NHL Goalie George Hainsworth
NHL Goalie
George Hainsworth
  • Mar 24 The Beehive in the Hague opens 1st escalator in Netherlands
  • Mar 26 ACD de Graeff appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • Mar 26 The 1st lip-reading tournament held in America
  • Mar 26 85th Grand National: Billy Watkinson victorious aboard 25/1 bet Jack Horner; first Australian jockey to win the race
  • Mar 31 German Special Court of Justice for state security disbands
  • Apr 1 Montreal Maroons' Clint Benedict becomes first NHL goalie to record 3 straight playoff shutouts, in a 3-0 win against the visiting Victoria Cougars in Game 2 of the Stanley Cup Championship series
  • Apr 2 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • Apr 3 Second flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard
  • Apr 3 Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
  • Apr 4 Greek dictator Theodoros Pangalos elected president
  • Apr 6 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Maroons beat Victoria Cougars (WHL), 2-0 for a 3-1 series victory
  • Apr 7 Forest fire burns 900 acres & kills 2 (San Luis Obispo California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 7 Mussolini is shot at 3 times by Violet Gibson in Rome, she only hits him once in the nose

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 11 Flemish Economic Covenant (VEV) forms in Ghent
  • Apr 12 Dutch Catholic Radio Broadcast (KRO) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13 At 38, Walter Johnson pitches his 7th opening day shutout

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • Apr 13 Cyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam
  • Apr 16 Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
  • Apr 18 Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf, Germany
  • Apr 19 30th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Johnny Miles in 2:25:40.4
  • Apr 20 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
  • Apr 22 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Apr 25 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Turandot" premieres in Milan

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Composer
Giacomo Puccini
  • Apr 25 Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi
  • Apr 26 Germany & Russia sign neutrality peace treaty
  • Apr 26 Karachai Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1943)
  • Apr 27 In the Giants' 9-8 win over Phillies, Mel Ott, 17, 1st appearance
  • Apr 29 France and US reach accord on repayment of WW I
  • May 1 British coal miners go on strike
  • May 1 Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Satchel Paige (19) debuts in the Negro Southern League for Chattanooga
  • May 2 US military intervenes in Nicaragua

Volunteers Help Defeat General StrikeVolunteers Help Defeat General Strike

May 3 Britain's Trade Union Congress calls for the country's first ever general strike, begins at 1 minute to midnight in support striking coal miners, lasts 9 days

Read Article
Walking to work in the General Strike. Photo: Daily Mail
Walking to work in the General Strike. Photo: Daily Mail
Read Article
  • May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)
  • May 3 US Marines land in Nicaragua (9 months after leaving), stay until 1933
  • May 5 Geldrop soccer team forms
  • May 5 Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith"
  • May 8 A Philip Randolph organizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • May 8 Fire breaks out in Fenway Park, home of Boston Red Socks baseball team

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 1st flight over the North Pole claimed by Richard E. Byrd and co-pilot Floyd Bennett. Later discovery of Byrd's diary suggests they may have turned back 150 miles short of the pole due to an oil leak.

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd

  • May 10 51st Preakness: John Maiben aboard Display wins in 1:59.8
  • May 11 Airship Norge leaves Spitsbergen for 1st air crossing of Arctic Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 Airship Norge is the first vessel to fly over North Pole, lead by Roald Amundsen and piloted by Umberto Nobile

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen

Music releaseMusic Premiere

May 12 Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st Symphony premieres in Leningrad

BattleCoup d'état

May 12 General Józef Piłsudski returns to power in Poland after coup d'état against the Witos regime

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • May 12 Hans Luther resigns for 2nd time as German Chancellor after no-confidence vote against his minority government
  • May 12 British General Strike ends after 9 days, coal mine workers stay on strike
  • May 15 52nd Kentucky Derby: Albert Johnson on Bubbling Over wins in 2:03.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Chiang Kai-shek is made supreme warlord in Canton

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • May 17 Wilhelm Marx succeeds Hans Luther as Chancellor of Germany
  • May 18 Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanishes in Venice, California She shows up a month later saying she's been kidnapped
  • May 19 French air force bombs Damascus Syria
  • May 20 Belgian government of Jaspar takes power
  • May 20 Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots & planes
  • May 20 Railway Labor Act became law in USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • May 21 White Sox Earl Sheely hits a record 6th consecutive double
  • May 22 "Five Foot Two, Eyes of Blue" by Gene Austin hits #1
  • May 22 Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China
  • May 22 Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
  • May 23 Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
  • May 23 Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate

Sports record brokenWorld Record

May 24 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000 m (8:25.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • May 25 Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of the Ukrainian People's Republic
  • May 26 Lebanon adopts constitution
  • May 28 Military coup by General Manuel Gomes da Costa in Portugal
  • May 28 US Customs Court created by congress
  • May 31 Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigns after coup
  • May 31 Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia
  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: Frank Lockhart wins in 5:12:48.768 (154.343 km/h)

  • Jun 1 Ignacy Mocicki elected President of Poland
  • Jun 4 Ignacy Mościcki becomes President of Poland (holds office till 1939)
  • Jun 5 Indians triple-play Yankees & win 15-3
  • Jun 6 Egyptian government of Adly Pasha forms
  • Jun 7 Swedish government of Ekman forms
  • Jun 10 Phillies Russ Wrightstone hits for the cycle
  • Jun 12 58th Belmont: Albert Johnson aboard Crusader wins in 2:32.2
  • Jun 12 Brazil leaves League of Nations
  • Jun 14 French Championships Men's Tennis: Henri Cochet wins 1st of 4 home titles; beats fellow Frenchman René Lacoste 6-2, 6-4, 6-3
  • Jun 14 French Women's Tennis Championships: Suzanne Lenglen beats Mary Kendall Browne 6-1, 6-0
  • Jun 15 7th French government of Aristide Briand falls
  • Jun 18 Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover
  • Jun 19 DeFord Bailey is 1st African American to perform on Nashville's "Grand Ole Opry"
  • Jun 20 Mordecai W Johnson becomes 1st black president of Howard University
  • Jun 22 Cardinals pick up 39-year-old Grover Alexander on waivers from Cubs
  • Jun 23 8th French government of Aristide Briand forms
  • Jun 23 Commencement of the West Indies' 1st Test cricket match, at Lord's
  • Jun 23 The College Board administers the first SAT exam in USA

Sport awardBritish Golf Open

Jun 25 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: American amateur Bobby Jones wins the first of his 3 Claret Jugs, 2 strokes clear of runner-up Al Watrous; 5th victory by an American in 6 years

Golfer Bobby Jones
Golfer
Bobby Jones
  • Jun 28 Mercedes Benz forms when the world's oldest automobile manufacturers DMG and Benz & Cie merge
  • Jun 29 Carter G. Woodson wins Springarn Medal for research into Black history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • Jul 1 Canada restores gold standard
  • Jul 2 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguished Flying Cross authorized, to award "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight"
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Frenchman Jean Borotra wins his second Wimbledon singles title 8-6, 6-1, 6-3 over American Howard Kinsey
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Briton Kitty Godfree wins her second Wimbledon singles title with a 6-2, 4-6, 6-3 victory over Spaniard Lilí Álvarez
  • Jul 4 NSDAP-party forms in Weimar
  • Jul 9 Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander in China
  • Jul 9 Coup under General Sinel de Cordes in Portugal
  • Jul 10 US Open Men's Golf, Scioto CC: Amateur Bobby Jones, winner of the British Open 2 weeks earlier, claims the second of his 4 US Opens, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Joe Turnesa

  • Jul 10 Lake Denmark, New Jersey arsenal explodes, kills 21, $75m damage
  • Jul 12 Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu
  • Jul 12 Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2)
  • Jul 13 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000m (8:20.4)
  • Jul 15 VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms
  • Jul 16 Jaspar government asks authority to save Belgian franc
  • Jul 16 National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
  • Jul 17 Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:11.4)
  • Jul 18 The South Africa author and journalist, Herman Charles Bosman, shoots and kills his stepbrother David Russell during a quarrel
  • Jul 18 20th Tour de France won by Lucien Buysse of Belgium
  • Jul 19 2nd French government of Herriot, forms
  • Jul 20 A convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests.
  • Jul 22 105°F (41°C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)
  • Jul 22 108°F (42°C), Troy, NY (state record)
  • Jul 22 Cincinnati Reds right fielder Curt Walker ties National League record of 2 triples in an inning in a 13-1 rout of the Boston Braves
  • Jul 23 National Railway Company of Belgium forms (NMBS/SNCFB)
  • Jul 23 French government of Poincaré forms
  • Jul 26 National Bar Association incorporates
  • Jul 26 Philippines government asks USA for a plebiscite on independence
  • Jul 28 US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
  • Jul 30 Albanian boundaries deduced
  • Aug 1 Battles between Druze & French in Damascus
  • Aug 1 Failed assassination on General Primo de Rivera in Barcelona
  • Aug 3 Traffic lights installed at Piccadilly Circus, London
  • Aug 5 French & German trade agreement signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 5 Harry Houdini stays in a coffin under water for 1½ hrs before escaping

Magician and Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician and Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Aug 6 American Gertrude Ederle (20) becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel in 14 hours, 39 minutes, a record for male or female
  • Aug 6 "Don Juan" starring John Barrymore is released by Warner Bros, the 1st feature-length film to utilize the Vitaphone sound-on-disc sound system with a synchronized musical score and sound effects
  • Aug 10 Italian-Spanish peace treaty signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11 Cleveland Indian Tris Speaker hits his 700th double

Baseball Player Tris Speaker
Baseball Player
Tris Speaker

  • Aug 13 Enrique Tirabocchi of Argentina becomes the first to swim the English Channel from France to England (record 16 hours 33 minutes)
  • Aug 17 Greek-Serbian, Croatian and Slavs peace treaty signed
  • Aug 18 England regain Ashes with 5th Test Cricket win, to take series 1-0
  • Aug 18 Weather map televised for 1st time
  • Aug 20 Uprising against Rezā Shāh Pahlavi in Iran
  • Aug 20 Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai(NHK) is established.
  • Aug 21 -22] Uprising against Greek president and dictator Pangalos
  • Aug 21 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ted Lyons no hits Boston Red Sox, 6-0 in just 67 minutes at Fenway Park
  • Aug 22 Gold discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Aug 22 Greek dictator Gen Pangulos driven out

Sport awardUS Open Women's Tennis

Aug 23 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats Elizabeth Ryan 4-6, 6-4, 9-7 for her 8th and final US singles title

Tennis Player Elizabeth Ryan
Tennis Player
Elizabeth Ryan
  • Aug 25 Pavlos Koundouris becomes president of Greece
  • Aug 27 2nd Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the Slottsskogsvallen Stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Aug 28 Indian Emil Levsen pitches complete doubleheader victory (Red Sox)
  • Aug 30 Jack Hobbs scores 316* at Lord's (Surrey v Middlesex)
  • Sep 1 Turkey allows civil marriage
  • Sep 2 Italy signs treaty with Yemen
  • Sep 8 League of Nations Assembly votex unanimously to admit Germany
  • Sep 9 National Broadcasting Company created by Radio Corporation of America