On This Day

Historical Events in 1928

Events 1 - 200 of 278

  • Jan 1 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
  • Jan 1 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth)
  • Jan 2 14th Rose Bowl: Stanford beats Pittsburgh, 7-6
  • Jan 6 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Mortalium animos (against oecumene)
  • Jan 9 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 10 George Gershwin, Sigmund Romberg and P. G. Wodehouse's musical "Rosalie" premieres in New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10 Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Jan 12 Philip Barry & Elmer Rice's "Cock Robin" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 13 RCA and GE install three test television sets in homes in Schenectady, New York allowing American inventor E.F.W. Alexanderson to demonstrate the first home television receiver which delivered a poor and unsteady 1.5 square inch picture
  • Jan 17 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented
  • Jan 23 "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" premieres in Berlin
  • Jan 28 Christopher Hornsrud chosen Prime Minister of Norway
  • Jan 30 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US
  • Jan 30 Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 30 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Sydney: Daphne Akhurst wins 3rd title; beats Esna Boyd 7-5, 6-2
  • Jan 30 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Frenchman Jean Borotra wins his only Australian title; beats Jack Cummings of Australia 6-4, 6-1, 4-6, 5-7, 6-3

  • Jan 31 Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • Feb 6 A woman dubbed Anna Anderson [possibly Franziska Schanzkowska] arrives in NYC, using the alias "Anastasia Tschaikovsky" claims to be Grand Duchess Anastasia, daughter of Tsar Nicholas II
  • Feb 7 1st solo flight from England to Australia takes off from Croydon, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler (arrives 15 ½ days later)
  • Feb 8 1st transatlantic TV image received, Hartsdale, NY
  • Feb 11 II Winter Olympic Games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Feb 13 Clas Thunberg of Finland wins his 3rd Olympic gold medal when he dead-heats with Norway’s Bernt Evensen in the 500m speed skating at the St. Moritz Winter Games
  • Feb 13 Legendary Norwegian speed skater Ivar Ballangrud wins the first of 2 straight 5,000m Olympic gold medals when he beats Julius Skutnabb of Finland by 9 seconds in St. Moritz
  • Feb 14 Clas Thunberg of Finland wins his 2nd gold medal of the Games and 4th career title when he takes out the 1,500m speed skating at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics
  • Feb 14 Per-Erik Hedlund leads a Swedish sweep of the medals in the 50k cross-country at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Gustaf Jonsson & Volgar Andersson take the minor medals
  • Feb 17 American brothers, Jennison and John Heaton fight out the top placings in the cresta (now known as skeleton) at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Jennison takes the gold by 1.0s
  • Feb 17 Johan Grøttumsbråten leads a Norwegian sweep of the medals in the 18k cross country at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; he also wins the Nordic combined gold the following day
  • Feb 18 Sonja Henie of Norway wins the women’s figure skating gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Olympic Games; her first of 3 consecutive titles in the event
  • Feb 18 USA 2 beats USA 1 by 0.5s for the 5-man bobsleigh gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Germany 2 takes bronze
  • Feb 18 Johan Grøttumsbråten of Norway wins the Nordic combined gold at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; doubles up with the 18k cross country gold the previous day
  • Feb 18 Norway goes 1-2 in the ski jumping at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics with Alf Andersen taking gold ahead of Sigmund Ruud
  • Feb 19 II Winter Olympic Games close at St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Feb 19 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
  • Feb 19 Gillis Grafström of Sweden wins his 3rd consecutive Olympic men’s figure skating gold medal at St. Moritz; one of only 2 athletes to win gold at both Winter & Summer Games (won figure skating Antwerp 1920)
  • Feb 19 Canada retains the Olympic ice hockey title when they rout Switzerland, 13-0 in the final round in St. Moritz; Canadian left-wing Dave Trottier top scores with 15 points
  • Feb 19 World champion French team Andrée Joly and Pierre Brunet win the Olympic pairs figure skating gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Games; the couple marry in 1929 and take 2nd straight gold in 1932
  • Feb 22 1st solo flight from England to Australia lands in Darwin, 15 ½ days after take off, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler

Music releaseMusic Recording

Mar 1 Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records featuring Bing Crosby

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Mar 4 "Bunion Run" race from LA to NYC begins; It is won by Andy Payne
  • Mar 5 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick" premieres in Berlin

  • Mar 10 Christine Collins' son, Walter Collins, disappears in Los Angeles
  • Mar 12 In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people
  • Mar 13 Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 Benito Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Mar 19 "Amos & Andy" debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)
  • Mar 22 Noel Coward's musical "This Year of Grace" premieres in London
  • Mar 27 KGB-AM in San Diego CA begins radio transmissions
  • Mar 27 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 27 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • Mar 29 Yeshiva College (now University) chartered (NYC)
  • Mar 30 87th Grand National: Mr. William Dutton aboard 100/1 long-shot Tipperary Tim wins as all of the 41 other starters fall during the race

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1 Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Apr 7 44-yr old NY Ranger GM Lester Patrick replaces his injured goaltender in a Stanley Cup game, & beats Montreal Maroons 2-1
  • Apr 9 Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed" premieres in Pasadena

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Apr 9 Mae West's NYC debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil"

Actress Mae West
Actress
Mae West
  • Apr 9 Top-Oss soccer team forms in Oss
  • Apr 9 Turkey passes separation of church & state
  • Apr 13 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-US (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Köhl)
  • Apr 14 Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: In only their 2nd season in the NHL, New York Rangers beat Montreal Maroons, 2-1 for a 3-2 series win
  • Apr 15 Alioto's on Fisherman's Wharf (San Francisco) forms

Sport awardBoston Marathon

Apr 16 32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar in 2:37:07.8; back-to-back wins for his 6th race title

Marathon Runner Clarence DeMar
Marathon Runner
Clarence DeMar
  • Apr 19 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
  • Apr 19 Yanks are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926
  • Apr 19 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.

Film release premierFilm Release

Apr 21 "The Passion of Joan of Arc", directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer, starring Renée Jeanne Falconetti and Eugène Silvain, is released in Denmark

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • Apr 24 Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented
  • Apr 25 Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for a US citizen Morris Frank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26 Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition reopens in London after a fire

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • Apr 30 Cherkess Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1957)
  • May 1 6 children die and 10 injured by hailstones in Klausenburg, Romania
  • May 1 Drunken fascist Erich Wichman attacks VARA-radio transmitter
  • May 1 Lei Day begun (a Hawaiian celebration)
  • May 1 Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service
  • May 1 Rotterdam soccer club Black White '28 is established (2000 Women's KNVB Cup); declared bankrupt 2004
  • May 2 KPQ-AM in Wenatchee WA begins radio transmissions
  • May 3 Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China.
  • May 7 The United Kingdom lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for "Bridge of San Luis Rey"
  • May 10 WGY, Schenectady begins regular TV programming
  • May 11 53rd Preakness: Raymond Sonny Workman aboard Victorian wins in 2:00.2

Sport awardBritish Golf Open

May 11 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC: Walter Hagen wins 3rd of his 4 Open Championship titles, 2 strokes ahead of fellow American Gene Sarazen

Golfer Walter Hagen
Golfer
Walter Hagen
  • May 11 General Electric opens 1st TV-station (Schenectady, NY)
  • May 12 Benito Mussolini ends women's rights in Italy
  • May 12 Second Opium Law introduced - international law to control drugs
  • May 14 John McGraw is knocked down by a taxicab & suffers a broken leg
  • May 15 Mickey Mouse makes his 1st ever appearance in silent film "Plane Crazy"
  • May 19 54th Kentucky Derby: Chick Lang aboard Reigh Count wins in 2:10.4
  • May 19 "Firedamp" explodes in Mather coal mine, Pennsylvania, killing 195 of 273 miners
  • May 19 51 frogs enter 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" (Angel's Camp, California)
  • May 22 US Congress accept Jones-White Merchant Naval Act
  • May 23 Bomb attack on Italian embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
  • May 24 Record 12 future Hall of Famers take the field, as Yanks beat A's 9-7
  • May 24 Umberto Nobile flies airship over North Pole again
  • May 26 A's commit 7 errors & lose to Yanks 7-4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 Dodge Brothers Inc and Chrysler Corporation merge

Founder of Chrysler Walter Chrysler
Founder of Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
  • May 29 Fritz von Opel reaches 200 kph in experimental rocket car
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Louis Meyer wins in 5:01:33.725 (160.101 km/h)
  • May 31 1st aerial crossing of Pacific takes off from Oakland
  • May 31 Charlie Hallows scores his 1,000th run of Cricket season
  • Jun 2 Kraft, building on the original 1918 design, rolls out Velveeta cheese
  • Jun 4 President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents
  • Jun 4 French Championships Men's Tennis: Henri Cochet wins his 2nd of 4 home titles; beats countryman René Lacoste 5-7, 6-3, 6-1, 6-3
  • Jun 4 French Championship Women's Tennis: Helen Wills beats England's Eileen Bennett 6-1, 6-2 for her first of 4 French singles titles
  • Jun 8 1st US-to-Australia flight lands (Sir Charles Kingford)
  • Jun 9 60th Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Vito wins in 2:33.2
  • Jun 9 Charles Kingsford-Smith & Charles Ulm are 1st to fly across the Pacific when they end their flight from California to Brisbane

Film release premierFilm Release

Jun 11 Alfred Hitchcock's film, "Case Of Jonathan Drew," (or "The Lodger") is released

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jun 12 NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits 2 triples & 2 HRs to be White Sox 15-7

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 14 Republican National Convention, meeting in Kansas City, nominates Herbert Hoover for President

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jun 15 Ty Cobb, 41, steals home for 50th & final time

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland to become 1st woman (passenger) to fly Atlantic (as a passenger in a plane piloted by Wilmer Stultz)

  • Jun 18 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

Sport awardUS Golf Open

Jun 24 US Open Men's Golf, Olympia Fields CC: Johnny Farrell defeats amateur Bobby Jones by 1 stroke in a 36-hole playoff to win his only major title

Golfer Bobby Jones
Golfer
Bobby Jones
  • Jun 24 With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada
  • Jun 25 NY Giant Fred Lindstrom ties record of 9 hits in a doubleheader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 First meeting of the International Congresses of Modern Architects (CIAM) at Lake Leman, Switzerland organized by Le Corbusier

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • Jun 28 Alfred E Smith (NY-Governor) nominated for US President at Democratic Convention
  • Jun 28 Friedrich Schmiedl attempts rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28 Louis Armstrong makes 78 recording of "West End blues"

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
  • Jun 29 The Outerbridge Crossing and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, New York both opened.
  • Jun 30 Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards
  • Jul 2 British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 - the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928)
  • Jul 2 The Jenkins Television Corporation (owned by Charles Jenkins) goes on air with W3XK, the first television broadcasting station in the USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 3 John Logie Baird demonstrates the first colour television transmission in London

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • Jul 6 1st all-talking motion picture shown in NY (Lights of NY)
  • Jul 6 Largest recorded hailstone at the time 1.5 lbs (7 inchs in diameter) falls in Potter, Nebraska
  • Jul 6 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-French final René Lacoste beats defending champion Henri Cochet 6-1, 4-6, 6-4, 6-2
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Moody wins 2nd of 4 consecutive Wimbledon singles titles beating Lilí Álvarez 6-2, 6-3
  • Jul 7 American Edward Hamm sets then long jump world record at 25' 11" at Cambridge, Massachusetts

InventionHistoric Invention

Jul 7 Sliced bread sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company, Missouri, using a machine invented by Otto Frederick Rohwedder. Described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped.

  • Jul 8 Phillies set record of errorless 25 inning doubleheader
  • Jul 10 Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
  • Jul 12 1st televised tennis match
  • Jul 15 22nd Tour de France won by Nicolas Frantz of Luxembourg
  • Jul 19 King Fuad of Egypt siezes power and disbands parliament
  • Jul 20 The government of Hungary issues a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians
  • Jul 26 Gene Tunney TKOs Tom Heeney in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jul 26 Yanks score 11 runs in 12th beating Tigers 12-1
  • Jul 27 AVRO, General Vereniging Radio Omroep, forms
  • Jul 27 Tich Freeman becomes only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before end of July
  • Jul 28 IX Summer Olympic Games open in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Test footage first created for Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie" with Mickey Mouse

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jul 29 Cleveland Indians score 17 in 1st 2 inns to beat Yanks 24-6 at Dunn Field they also set a record with 24 singles in 1 game
  • Jul 29 23rd Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (4-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 30 George Eastman shows first amateur color motion pictures to guests at his New York house including Thomas Edison

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jul 31 Halina Konopacka of Poland hurls discus world record 39.62m to win first gold medal in women's Olympic athletics at the Amsterdam Games; American Lillian Copeland and Ruth Sveberg of Sweden take minor medals
  • Jul 31 American sprinter Elizabeth Robinson equals her own world record 12.2s to win 100m gold medal in Amsterdam, first women’s Olympic track event; Canadians Fanny Rosenfeld & Ethel Smith dead-heat (12.3s)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 1 Babe Ruth hits home run #42 in the Yankees 12-1 win v St. Louis Browns, takes him 4 weeks ahead of his 1927 pace

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Aug 1 Americans sweep medals at a rainy Olympic pole vault final in Amsterdam with Sabin Carr gold, from William Droegemuller and Charles McGinnis

  • Aug 2 Benito Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Aug 3 Ray Barbuti wins 400m in 47.8 at the Amsterdam Olympics, the only individual track event won by an American at the Games
  • Aug 11 Carl Hubbell's 1st major league victory is a 4-0 shutout of Phils
  • Aug 11 Georges Ronsse becomes world champion cyclists
  • Aug 12 IX Summer Olympic Games close in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Aug 13 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins
  • Aug 14 Ben Hecht & Charles MacArthur's "Front Page," premieres in NYC
  • Aug 25 Tri-City Rugby Football Union forms consisting of Moose Jaw, Regina & Winnipeg
  • Aug 27 16 die in a NYC subway's 2nd worst accident

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Aug 27 Kellogg-Briand Pact, 60 nations agree to condemn 'recourse to war for the solution of international controversies'.

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • Aug 27 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Helen Wills defeats fellow American Helen Jacobs 6–2, 6–1 for her 5th of 7 US singles crowns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 30 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Aug 31 Brecht & Weil's play " The Threepenny Opera " premieres
  • Sep 1 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
  • Sep 3 Future Baseball Hall of Famer Ty Cobb records his 4,191st & final career hit as a pinch hitter for the Philadelphia A's in a 6-1 loss v Washington Senators
  • Sep 6 USSR signs Briand-Kellogg-pact
  • Sep 7 Sophie Treadwell's "Machinal" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 9 Silvio Cator of Haiti, sets then long jump record at 26' ½"
  • Sep 11 1st ever TV drama WGY's "Queens Messenger" broadcast in the New York area starring Izetta Jewell
  • Sep 11 Ty Cobb last hitting appearance, pops out against Yankees
  • Sep 12 -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Katharine Hepburn's NYC stage debut in "Night Hostess"

  • Sep 13 KOH-AM in Reno NV begins radio transmissions
  • Sep 15 400 kg Fournier-albums (forged postage stamps) burn in Geneva

InventionScientific Discovery

Sep 15 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • Sep 15 Cards set NL record of 18 men left on base beating Phillies 8-6
  • Sep 15 Stothard, Kalmar & Ruby's musical "Good Boy" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 15 Alfred "Tich" Freeman becomes the only bowler to take 300 wickets in an English cricket season.
  • Sep 16 Hurricane hits West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee Florida; 3,000 die
  • Sep 17 Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500
  • Sep 17 Pitcher Ray Boggs hits 3 batters in 1 inning
  • Sep 17 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Frenchman Henri Cochet wins his only US title; beats American Frank Hunter 4-6, 6-4, 3-6, 7-5, 6-3
  • Sep 18 Cards beat Phillies for 20th of 22 games in 1928
  • Sep 18 Juan de la Cierva flies 1st helicopter above Channel
  • Sep 21 "My Weekly Reader" magazine made its debut
  • Sep 24 Cohan/Lardner's musical "Elmer the Great" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 27 The Nationalist Republic of China is recognised by the United States.
  • Sep 28 1st recording session in Nashville (Warmack's Gully Jumpers)
  • Sep 28 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st helicopter flight over English Channel
  • Sep 28 NY Yanks clinch pennant #6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28 Prussia forbids speech from Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 28 US acknowledge Chinese government of Chiang Kai-shek
  • Sep 28 Valentin Katayev's "Kvadratura Kruga" premieres in Moscow
  • Sep 28 UK passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
  • Sep 29 Cardinals win NL pennant with a 3-1 win at Boston
  • Sep 29 Yanks (17) Tigers (28) set 9 inning hit record (45)-Tigers win 19-10

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Sep 30 Le Sifflet publishes 1st precursor of Kuifje (Tintin)

Cartoonist Hergé
Cartoonist
Hergé
  • Sep 30 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 mi 604 yds in 1 hr

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Oct 1 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs 15k world record 46:49.6 and 10 miles 50:15.0 in Berlin, Germany

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi