On This Day

Historical Events in 1928 (Part 2)

World Record

Oct 1 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs 15k world record 46:49.6 and 10 miles 50:15.0 in Berlin, Germany

  • Oct 1 USSR launches its first 5-year plan
  • Oct 2 "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", known as Opus Dei, founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá
  • Oct 3 French submarine "Ondine" sinks returning to Toulon, drowning 42
  • Oct 4 KPD begins petition against Germany building a battle fleet

PGA Championship

Oct 6 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Five Farms CC: Leo Diegel dominates Al Espinosa, 6 & 5 in the final to win the first of his 2 consecutive titles

  • Oct 7 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10 miles (50:15.0)
  • Oct 7 Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia

Music Premiere

Oct 8 Cole Porter and E. Ray Goetz' musical "Paris" opens at the Music Box Theater, NYC; runs for 195 performances

  • Oct 8 Joseph Szigeti debuts Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto
  • Oct 9 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz" premieres in Paris

Baseball Record

Oct 9 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat St. Louis Cardinals, 7-3 at Sportsman's Park to become first to sweep consecutive World Series; Babe Ruth hits smashes 3 HRs for Yanks

Historic Event

Oct 10 Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China

  • Oct 12 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)

Contract of Interest

Oct 15 Walter Johnson signs a 3-year contract to manage the Senators

  • Oct 16 Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP honors, edging Heinie Manush by 2 points

Historic Event

Oct 20 Wien Alaska Airways, Inc. incorporated; the first airline in Alaska and one of the 1st in the US with Noel Wien as president

  • Oct 22 China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants
  • Oct 22 ESL Robinson's "Far-Off Hills" premieres in Dublin

Historic Event

Oct 22 Herbert Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"

  • Oct 22 Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.
  • Oct 28 Indonesian child laws enforced in Bahasa Indonesia
  • Oct 28 Indian freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai injured leading silent protest against visiting British commission in Lahore (dies of injuries 17th November)
  • Nov 1 1st celebration of Authors' Day

Sports History

Nov 1 Australian cricket batting prodigy Don Bradman scores 133 not out in NSW 2nd innings v Queensland in Brisbane; follows his 131 in the Blues' 1st innings

Historic Event

Nov 1 Graf Zeppelin sets airship distance record of 6384 km

Music Premiere

Nov 2 Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st Symphony premieres in US with Leopold Stokowski leading the Philadelphia Orchestra at The Academy of Music, Philadelpha

  • Nov 3 Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet
  • Nov 4 Jose Moncada elected president of Nicaragua

Historic Event

Nov 4 American gangster Arnold Rothstein is shot at a business meeting for reputedly refusing to pay gambling debts (dies 6th November)

  • Nov 6 Clevelanders vote to build a stadium with city bonds
  • Nov 6 Republican candidate Herbert Hoover is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Al Smith
  • Nov 6 Colonel Jacob Schick patents 1st electric razor
  • Nov 6 Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the king

Music Premiere

Nov 8 George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Treasure Girl" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Nov 10 Emperor Hirohito of Japan's possession of the Imperial Regalia is publicly confirmed

  • Nov 11 France's 5th government of Raymond Poincaré forms
  • Nov 11 KXO-AM in El Centro CA begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 11 WGL-AM in Ft Wayne IN begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 11 WMT-AM in Cedar Rapids IA begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 11 WOL-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 12 British steamer "Vestris" capsizes & sinks off Virginia, kills 110
  • Nov 17 Boston Garden officially opens
  • Nov 17 Notre Dame finally loses a football game at home after 23 years

Film & TV History

Nov 18 Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie" released, first Mickey Mouse sound cartoon

Sports History

Nov 20 Boston Gardens opens, Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0

  • Nov 20 WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions

Music History

Nov 22 "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel first performed publicly (Paris)

  • Nov 26 Philip Barry's play "Holiday" premieres in New York City
  • Nov 30 Australian cricket legend Don Bradman makes an inauspicious Test debut; scores 18 & 1 vs England in 1st Test in Brisbane; dropped to 12th man for 2nd Test

Historic Invention

Nov 30 Vladimir K. Zworykin receives patent on Iconoscope TV system

  • Dec 1 Railroad museum opens in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Dec 1 National League President John Heydler first to propose a baseball rule change calling for a 10th man, or 'designated hitter', to bat in place of the pitcher; ironically, the NL vote in favour of proposal, but the American League turn it down
  • Dec 1 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Hamilton Tigers win 3rd Cup with 30-0 shutout of Regina Roughriders
  • Dec 2 Cardinals' 1B Jim Bottomley is voted NL MVP
  • Dec 4 Walter Donaldson & Gus Kahn's musical "Whoopee!", starring Eddie Cantor, premieres on Broadway at the New Amsterdam Theatre, NYC; runs for 407 performances
  • Dec 5 England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
  • Dec 5 Wilhelm Miklas elected president of Austria
  • Dec 11 Buenos Aires police thwart an attempt on President-elect Herbert Hoover
  • Dec 12 Robert Nichols and Maurice Browne's play "Wings over Europe" premieres in New York City
  • Dec 13 Clip-on tie designed
  • Dec 13 George Gershwin's "An American In Paris" premieres at Carnegie Hall, NYC, performed by the New York Philharmonic conducted by Walter Damrosch
  • Dec 16 National Football League Championship: Providence Steam Roller (8-1-2) win first past the post title
  • Dec 17 John McGraw backs NL President John Heydler's designated hitter idea
  • Dec 19 1st autogyro flight in US
  • Dec 20 1st international dogsled mail leaves Minot, Maine for Montreal, Quebec
  • Dec 20 Ethel Barrymore Theater opens at 243 W 47th St NYC
  • Dec 23 NBC sets up a permanent, coast-to-coast radio network
  • Dec 24 George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) opens at 152 W 54th St NYC
  • Dec 25 NSW (v Vic) go from 8-74 to 9-113 to be 9-367 at stumps

Sports History

Dec 26 Johnny Weissmuller announces his retirement from amateur swimming

  • Dec 26 World record 10th wicket stand 307 (Kippax / Hooker) NSW v Vic
  • Dec 28 Ma Rainey, "Mother of the Blues" makes her last record "Big Feelin' Blues"