On This Day

Historical Events in 1929

  • Jan 1 15th Rose Bowl: Georgia Tech beats California, 8-7 (Roy Riegels runs 60 yds the wrong way with fumble recovery)
  • Jan 2 US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
  • Jan 3 27 year old William S Paley becomes CBS president

Sports History

Jan 3 Australian cricket icon Don Bradman follows up a 1st innings of 79 to score 112 in 3rd Test v England in Melbourne; his 1st of 29 Test centuries

  • Jan 5 Coup by King Alexander in South Slavia
  • Jan 6 Alexander I establishes a royal dictatorship in Yugoslavia

Historic Event

Jan 6 Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India's poorest

  • Jan 7 "Buck Rogers" sci-fi comic strip's 1st appearance in a newspaper
  • Jan 7 "Tarzan", one of the 1st adventure comic strips, 1st appears

Historic Event

Jan 7 Croatian nationalist movement, Ustaša founded by Ante Pavelić in exile in Italy

  • Jan 7 French inventor Robert Bureau launches the 1st radiosonde - a battery-powered telemetry instrument carried into the atmosphere to measure various parameters and transmit them by radio to a ground receiver
  • Jan 8 1st telephone connection between Netherlands & West-Indies
  • Jan 8 CBS radio network buys WABC in NYC
  • Jan 8 "Man with a Movie Camera", Soviet experimental documentary film directed by Dziga Vertov, is released
  • Jan 9 Buddy DeSylva & Lew Brown's musical "Follow Thru" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 9 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

Jan 10 Elmer Rice's "Street Scene" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 12 Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana
  • Jan 13 Humanist Society established, Hollywood, California
  • Jan 14 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
  • Jan 17 Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip "Thimble Theater"
  • Jan 18 "NY Daily Mirror" columnist Walter Winchell debuts on radio
  • Jan 19 Acadia National Park, Maine established
  • Jan 19 Finnish speed skater Clas Thunberg sets new world 500m record in 42.8 seconds in Davos, Switzerland
  • Jan 20 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
  • Jan 21 Robert Sherriff's "Journey's End" premieres in London
  • Jan 25 Future Australian cricket captain Don Bradman scores an unbeaten 340 for NSW v Victoria (488 mins, 38 fours); then highest individual score in a Sheffield Shield match
  • Jan 26 Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence

Historic Publication

Jan 26 Rube Goldberg's "The Inventions of Professor Lucifer Gorgonzola Butts, A.K.," cartoon series first published in "Colliers Weekly"

  • Jan 28 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Adelaide: Daphne Akhurst retains title; beats Louise Bickerton 6-1, 5-7, 6-2
  • Jan 28 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Englishman Colin Gregory wins his only Grad Slam title, beating Richard Schlesinger of Australia 6-2, 6-2, 5-7, 7-5
  • Jan 29 Seeing Eye Guide Dog organization forms in USA
  • Jan 31 Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin

Historic Event

Jan 31 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey

  • Feb 1 1st clean & jerk of 400 lbs (182 kg), Charles Rigoulet, 402½ lbs
  • Feb 1 Pi Alphha Phi, the first Asian-American interest fraternity in the United States, is founded at UC Berkeley
  • Feb 1 "The Broadway Melody" directed by Harry Beaumont and starring Bessie Love is released. 1st film with sound to win an Oscar (Outstanding Picture 1930)
  • Feb 3 Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam
  • Feb 4 Archie Jackson scores 164 in Test Cricket debut v England at Adelaide
  • Feb 5 Jimmy Hatlo's "They'll Do It Every Time" cartoon debuts in San Francisco
  • Feb 6 Rudy Vallee records single "Deep Night"
  • Feb 8 KOY-AM in Phoenix Arizona begins radio transmissions
  • Feb 9 USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Poland & Romania sign Litvinov's Pact, providing for renunciation of war among its signatories
  • Feb 10 Bishop Stephen Alencastre dedicates the beautiful Romanesque church of Saint Patrick in Honolulu

Historic Event

Feb 11 Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo" premieres in NYC

  • Feb 11 Vatican City, the world's smallest country, is made an enclave of Rome
  • Feb 12 Karst Leemburg wins Dutch 11 cities skate (11:30)
  • Feb 13 Cruiser Act, USA, approves the construction of 19 new cruisers & an aircraft carrier
  • Feb 13 Vladimir Mayakofsky's "Klop" premieres in Moscow

Historic Event

Feb 14 St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone's orders

  • Feb 16 KID-AM in Idaho Falls ID begins radio transmissions

Murder of Interest

Feb 16 In mysterious murder suicide Ned Doheny Jr., son of oil magnate Edward L. Doheny, dies along with secretary Hugh Plunkett at Greystone Mansion, Beverly Hills, Los Angeles

  • Feb 19 Medical diathermy machine 1st used in Schenectady, NY
  • Feb 20 American Samoa organizes as territory of US
  • Feb 20 Boston Red Sox announce they will play Sunday MLB games at Braves Field; Fenway Park located too close to a church

Historic Event

Feb 26 US President Calvin Coolidge establishes Grand Teton National Park

  • Feb 27 Turkey signs Litvinov-pact
  • Feb 28 Chic Black Hawks lose record NHL 15th straight game at home
  • Mar 2 US Congress creates Court of Customs & Patent Appeals

Sports History

Mar 2 George Hainsworth becomes first NHL goaltender to record 20 shutouts in one season when the Montreal Canadiens beat the visiting Boston Bruins, 3-0; ends season with 22

Historic Event

Mar 4 Republican Charles Curtis becomes the 1st Native American to be Vice President of the United States

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Herbert Hoover inaugurated as the 31st US President

  • Mar 4 National Revolutionary Party founded in Mexico by Plutarco Elías Calles (will go on to hold power until 2000)
  • Mar 6 Turkey & Bulgaria sign friendship treaty

Historic Event

Mar 7 First nonstop flight made from America to Asia across the Bering Strait (Nome to North Cape) by Noel Wien and Calvin Cripe for Wien Air Alaska

  • Mar 8 US worker union commission reports of slavery in Liberia
  • Mar 9 Marcel Pagnol's "Marius" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 13 20 year old Australian cricket super-batsman Don Bradman scores 123 in 5th Test vs England at MCG; his second Test century
  • Mar 16 WHP-AM in Harrisburg PA begins radio transmissions
  • Mar 17 General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel
  • Mar 17 Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid

Music History

Mar 18 Dmitri Shostakovich's "The new Babylon" premieres in Leningrad

  • Mar 22 KIT-AM in Yakima WA begins radio transmissions
  • Mar 22 US Coast Guard vessel sinks Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor
  • Mar 22 88th Grand National: Robert W. H. Everett wins aboard 100/1 outsider Gregalach
  • Mar 23 1st telephone installed at the President’s desk under the Hoover administration at the White House
  • Mar 27 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 27 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • Mar 28 Democratic constitution goes into effect in Ecuador
  • Mar 29 Stanley Cup Final, Madison Square Garden: Boston Bruins beat New York Rangers, 2-1 for a 2-0 series sweep; Boston's first Championship
  • Mar 29 US President Herbert Hoover has 1st telephone installed on the desk at the Oval Office's in the White House
  • Apr 1 Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
  • Apr 1 Doorne's trailer factory in Eindhoven Netherlands opens
  • Apr 1 Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo
  • Apr 1 Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou" 24-minute film
  • Apr 1 Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate
  • Apr 3 Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
  • Apr 3 RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
  • Apr 4 "New Moon" musical opens in London
  • Apr 4 1st AAU Greco-Roman wrestling championships held
  • Apr 5 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact

Historic Event

Apr 8 Indian Independence Movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest

  • Apr 11 KLO-AM in Ogden UT begins radio transmissions
  • Apr 11 Loetafoon celluloid film system demonstrated in Amsterdam
  • Apr 15 33rd Boston Marathon won by Canadian Johnny Miles in 2:33:08.6; his second win in the event
  • Apr 16 Cleveland Indian Earl Averill, becomes 1st AL to hit a HR on 1st at bat
  • Apr 16 New York Yankees become first MLB team to permanently feature numbers on backs of uniforms; numbers correspond to position in batting order
  • Apr 18 Palace for People's industry in Amsterdam devastated by fire
  • Apr 24 1st non-stop England to India flight takes-off
  • Apr 24 Thorvald Stauning becomes premier of Denmark
  • Apr 26 1st non-stop England to India flight lands
  • Apr 27 Ryder Cup Golf, Moortown GC: Great Britain beats US, 7-5 in bitterly cold and snowy conditions
  • Apr 30 Ernst Streeruwitz becomes Chancellor of Austria, lasts less than 5 months
  • May 1 Farm workers strike begins in East-Groningen
  • May 1 Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin

Music History

May 2 Billie Holiday (14) and her mother are arrested for prostitution following a raid of a brothel in Harlem

  • May 3 Prussia bans anti-fascists

Baseball Record

May 4 Lou Gehrig hits 3 consecutive HRs, Yankees 11, Tigers 9

  • May 6 AL announces it will discontinue MVP award
  • May 6 New York to San Francisco footrace begins
  • May 8 Jan Mayen island, 500 km NNE of Iceland, incorporated into Norway

Sports History

May 8 NY Giants pitcher Carl Hubbell no-hits Pittsburgh Pirates, 11-0 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

Contract of Interest

May 8 Soviet government contract Albert Kahn Associates architectural firm to design the USSR's 1st tractor plant

  • May 9 WJW-AM in Cleveland Ohio begins radio transmissions
  • May 10 54th Preakness: Louis Schaefer aboard Dr Freeland wins in 2:01.6

British Golf Open

May 10 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Walter Hagen wins 4th Open title, by 6 strokes from fellow American Johnny Farrell

  • May 11 1st regularly scheduled TV broadcasts (3 nights per week)
  • May 11 Dr Annie Webb Blanton forms Delta Kappa Gamma Society in Austin, Texas
  • May 12 Pulitzer prize awarded to Julia Peterkin (Scarlet Sister Mary)
  • May 15 Fire in X-ray film stock kills 125 at Crile Clinic (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • May 18 55th Kentucky Derby: Hall of Fame jockey Linus McAtee on 3-1 chance Clyde Van Dusen wins in 2:10.8 on a muddy track
  • May 18 Brooklyn Robins beat Philadelphia Phillies, 20-16; lose 8-6 in game 2 at the Baker Bowl; MLB record 50 runs for a doubleheader
  • May 19 Cloudburst causes stampede in Yankee Stadium, crushes 2 people to death

Declaration of War

May 19 Chinese warlord Feng Yuxiang declares war on Chiang Kai-shek's nationalist government

  • May 21 Automatic electric stock quotation board installed in NYC
  • May 21 Sergei Prokoviev's ballet "Prodigal Son" premieres in Paris
  • May 24 Chicago WS pitcher Ted Lyons and Detroit's George Uhle go 21 innings before Tigers get a run to win, 6-5; longest game (3 hours, 31 mins) ever at Comiskey Park, Chicago
  • May 28 1st all color talking picture "On With the Show" exhibited (NYC)
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Ray Keech takes lead for final time on lap 158 for his first Indy 500 win; car owner Maude A. Yagle is first and only female winning owner in Indy history
  • May 31 Atlantic City Convention Center opens
  • Jun 3 1st trade show at Atlantic City Convention Center (electric light)
  • Jun 3 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • Jun 3 French Championships Men's Tennis: René Lacoste wins his 3rd French title, beating fellow Frenchman Jean Borotra 6-3, 2-6, 6-0, 2-6, 8-6

French Open Women's Tennis

Jun 3 French Championship Women's Tennis: Defending champion Helen Wills Moody beats Simonne Mathieu 6-3, 6-4

  • Jun 5 Ramsey MacDonald forms minority Labour government in Britain
  • Jun 7 Margaret Bondfield becomes 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour)
  • Jun 7 Vatican City becomes a sovereign state
  • Jun 8 61st Belmont: Mack Garner aboard Blue Larkspur wins in 2:32.8
  • Jun 8 Venezuelan rebel Rafael Urbina overthrows Fort Amsterdam, Curacao kidnap governor Fruytier
  • Jun 9 Venezuelan rebel Urbina lets Dutch/Curacaose hostages free
  • Jun 14 Prussia and Vatican sign Concord
  • Jun 15 1st time NY curb stock exchange transacts more business than NY Exch
  • Jun 16 Otto E. Funk, 62, ends marathon walk (NY to SF, 4165 miles in 183 days)
  • Jun 22 Mel Ott (Giants) homers off Leo Sweetland (Phillies) in doubleheader
  • Jun 25 US President Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)
  • Jun 26 ENKA/Vereinigte Glanzstoff Factory merge AKU (Genl Kunstzijde Union)
  • Jun 27 1st color TV demo, performed by Bell Laboratories in NYC

Historic Event

Jun 27 President Paul von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WWI

  • Jun 29 1st high-speed jet wind tunnel completed Langley Field, California
  • Jun 29 31.1°C (88°F) highest temperature on this day in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • Jun 29 Mexico & Vatican sign Concord

US Golf Open

Jun 30 US Open Men's Golf, Winged Foot CC: Bobby Jones wins his third US Open title in a 36-hole playoff, dominating Al Espinosa by 23 strokes on the West Course

  • Jul 1 US Immigration law of 1924 in effect
  • Jul 3 Dunlop Latex Development Laboratories made foam rubber
  • Jul 4 AM radio station WOWO, Indiana's transmitter burns down
  • Jul 5 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In the first all-American final Helen Wills Moody beats Helen Jacobs 6-1, 6-2
  • Jul 5 WOWO-AM, Indiana returns to air, 1 day after transmitter burns down
  • Jul 6 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Henri Cochet beats fellow Frenchman Jean Borotra 6-4, 6-3, 6-4 for his 2nd Wimbledon singles crown
  • Jul 6 St. Louis Cardinals set MLB run record with 28 runs on 28 hits (28-6 v Phillies)
  • Jul 7 Romania & Vatican sign concord
  • Jul 10 Pittsburgh Pirates outslug Philadelphia Phillies, 15-9 at the Baker Bowl; 9 HRs hit, 1 in each inning - unique in MLB history
  • Jul 10 US issues newer, smaller-sized paper currency
  • Jul 15 1st airport hotel opens at Oakland, California
  • Jul 17 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with China
  • Jul 23 The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words
  • Jul 24 NY to San Francisco foot race ends (2½ months) winner is 60 year old Monteverde
  • Jul 24 US President Herbert Hoover proclaims Kellogg-Briand Pact which renounces war
  • Jul 27 Dike of Wieringermeerpolder finished
  • Jul 28 Chicago Cardinals become 1st NFL team to train out of state (Michigan)
  • Jul 28 24th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (3-2)
  • Jul 28 23rd Tour de France won by Maurice De Waele of Belgium
  • Jul 28 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Home team wins 3 straight titles as Henri Cochet beats American George Lott 6-1, 3-6, 6-0, 6-3 for a 3-2 victory

Historic Event

Jul 31 Aristide Briand becomes premier of France for the 6th time

  • Aug 2 Philadelphia 1st baseman Don Hurst sets NL record of 6 consecutive games with a HR in Phillies' 2-0 win v Pittsburgh Pirates
  • Aug 4 60,000 SA'ers/SS'ers march by Munich
  • Aug 4 Cleveland Indians, trailing 6-5 in 9th with 2 outs score AL record tying 9 runs, beat NY Yankees 14-6
  • Aug 4 Jones Beach in NY opens
  • Aug 6 Young Plan, which sought to settle German reparations debts after World War I, is agreed
  • Aug 7 Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms Dutch government

Baseball Record

Aug 7 New York Yankees slugger Babe Ruth ties MLB record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games for the second time in 13-1 win v Philadelphia A's

  • Aug 8 Salem Oregon airport dedicated
  • Aug 10 Grover Alexander beats Phils 7-1 for his 373rd & last NL win
  • Aug 11 New York Yankees slugger Babe Ruth becomes first MLB player to hit 500 home runs (off Willis Hudlin) in 6-5 loss to Indians at League Park, Cleveland
  • Aug 11 Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • Aug 11 Russian-Chinese border fights
  • Aug 14 Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
  • Aug 20 1st airship flight around Earth flying eastward completed
  • Aug 21 Chicago Cardinals become 1st pro football team to train out of town
  • Aug 23 Arabs attack Jews in Israel
  • Aug 24 Palestinians attack orthodox Jews in Jerusalem
  • Aug 24 Turkey & Persia sign friendship treaty
  • Aug 24 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Helen Wills Moody beats England's Phoebe Holcroft Watson 6-4, 6-2 for her 3rd straight and 6th overall US singles title

Historic Event

Aug 25 Graf Zeppelin passes over San Francisco for Los Angeles after trans-Pacific voyage

  • Aug 28 English cricket all-rounder Frank Woolley scores 176 for Kent v Middlesex at Lord's; his 100th first-class hundred
  • Aug 29 German airship Graf Zeppelin ends a round-the-world flight

Historic Event

Aug 29 Aviator Anne Morrow Lindbergh makes her first solo flight

Historic Event

Aug 31 Committee chaired by Owen D. Young finalizes the "Young Plan" to reduce German reparations from World War I to 112 billion Gold Marks ($US8 billion) paid over 59 years

  • Sep 2 Unilever forms by merger of Margarine Union & Lever Bros