On This Day

Historical Events in 1932

Events 1 - 200 of 341

  • Jan 1 Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as Mayor of Massillon, Ohio

Historic Publication

Jan 1 Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws

  • Jan 1 The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • Jan 1 18th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Tulane, 21-12
  • Jan 2 Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri
  • Jan 3 Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.

Historic Event

Jan 4 British Viceroy of India Lord Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru

  • Jan 4 State of siege proclaimed in Honduras
  • Jan 7 1st game played at Orchard Lake Curling Club, Mich
  • Jan 8 Ratification of present San Francisco City Charter
  • Jan 10 "Mickey Mouse" & "Silly Symphony" comics syndicated
  • Jan 10 "Pete the Tramp" cartoon strip by C D Russell debuts
  • Jan 12 Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-Ark)
  • Jan 12 Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 14 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah

Hall of Fame

Jan 14 Racing Hall of Fame jockey Eddie Arcaro wins his 1st race

  • Jan 19 Charlie Conacher becomes first Toronto player to score 5 goals in an NHL game as Maple Leafs rout the NY Americans, 11-3 at Maple Leaf Gardens
  • Jan 21 USSR and Finland stop non-attack treaty
  • Jan 23 El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
  • Jan 25 1st commencement exercises at Hebrew U in Jerusalem
  • Jan 26 British submarine M-2 sinks in English Channel (60 dead)
  • Jan 26 KUT-AM in Austin Texas changes call letters to KNOW
  • Jan 28 1st US state unemployment insurance act enacted (Wisconsin)
  • Jan 28 Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
  • Jan 29 Test debut of Bill O'Reilly, vs South Africa at Adelaide
  • Jan 30 Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval
  • Jan 31 US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction

Sports History

Feb 1 Australian cricket's master batsman Don Bradman scores 299 not out in 10 wicket 4th Test win vs South Africa in Adelaide; runs out of partners going for 300

  • Feb 2 Geneva disarmament conference begins with 60 countries
  • Feb 2 Grimmett takes 14 wickets v South Africa (7-116 & 7-83)
  • Feb 2 Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) organized in the US to provide financial support to state and local governments and to make loans to banks, railroads, mortgage associations and other businesses

Film Premiere

Feb 3 "Shanghai Express" directed by Josef von Sternberg and starring Marlene Dietrich, Clive Brook and Anna Mae Wong premieres in Los Angeles

  • Feb 4 III Winter Olympic Games open in Lake Placid, New York
  • Feb 4 Japanese troops occupy Harbin, Manchuria
  • Feb 5 American speed skater Jack Shea wins the 1,500m at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics; clinches sprint double after also taking out the 500m
  • Feb 6 1st Olympic dog sled race at Lake Placid, New York (demonstration sport)
  • Feb 6 Fascist coup in the Memel territory
  • Feb 8 American speed skater Irving Jaffee wins the 10,000m at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics; clinches distance double after also taking out the 5,000m
  • Feb 9 USA enters Olympic 2-man bobsled competition for 1st time
  • Feb 9 US airship Columbia crashes during storm (Flushing, NY)
  • Feb 10 Sweden goes 1-2 in the 18k cross country event at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics; Sven Utterström wins gold ahead of teammate Axel Wikström
  • Feb 11 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
  • Feb 11 Johan Grøttumsbraaten leads a Norwegian medal sweep of the Nordic combined event at the Lake Placid Games; retains combined title after also winning in St. Moritz
  • Feb 12 Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
  • Feb 12 49 year old Australian cricket spin bowler Bert Ironmonger captures 5-6 as South Africa dismissed for 36 in 5th Test in Melbourne; Australia wins by an innings & 72 runs; series 5-0

Olympic Gold

Feb 12 Sonja Henie of Norway wins her 2nd of 3 consecutive Olympic gold medals in women’s figure skating at the Lake Placid Winter Games; beats Austria’s Fritzi Burger into 2nd place for 2nd straight Games

  • Feb 12 World champion French husband and wife team Pierrre and Andrée Brunet win their 2nd consecutive Olympic pairs figure skating gold medal at the Lake Placid Games
  • Feb 12 Karl Schäfer of Austria wins the first of 2 consecutive men’s figure skating Olympic gold medals at the Lake Placid Winter Games in the United States
  • Feb 13 "Free Eats" introduces George "Spanky" McFarland to "Our Gang"
  • Feb 13 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Coral McInnes Buttsworth retains title; beats Kathrine Le Mesurier 9-7, 6-4
  • Feb 13 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Jack Crawford retains title and repeats previous year's win over Harry Hopman 4-6, 6-3, 3-6, 6-3, 6-1
  • Feb 13 A 2-2 final round tie with the US is good enough for Canada to clinch its 4th consecutive Olympic ice hockey gold medal at Lake Placid; Canadian center Walter Monson is tournament top scorer with 11 points
  • Feb 13 Finland goes 1-2 in the 50k cross country event at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics; Veli Saarinen wins gold ahead of teammate Väinö Liikkanen
  • Feb 14 The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show debuts on CBS radio, airing there until 1937, moving to NBC until 1949, and returning to CBS in 1949, before moving to television
  • Feb 15 III Winter Olympic Games close at Lake Placid, New York
  • Feb 15 Australia beat South Africa in cricket by an innings in 5 hrs 53 min playing time
  • Feb 15 George Burns & Gracie Allen debut as regulars on the "Guy Lombardo Show"

Historic Event

Feb 15 John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet" premieres in NYC

Sports History

Feb 15 As a member of gold medal winning US 4-man bobsleigh team at Lake Placid, Eddie Eagan (boxing gold Antwerp 1920) becomes only Olympian to win gold medals at both summer & winter Games in different sports

  • Feb 15 American brothers Hubert and Curtis Stevens beat the 8-nation field to win the 2-man bobsleigh gold medal at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics
  • Feb 16 1st patent for a tree issued to James Markham for a peach tree

Music Premiere

Feb 17 Irving Berlin's musical "Face the Music" premieres in NYC

  • Feb 18 Japan declares Manchuria independent
  • Feb 18 Sonja Henie wins her 6th straight World Women's figure skating title
  • Feb 18 Japan proclaims and names Manchukuo state in north east China

Historic Event

Feb 19 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"

  • Feb 20 Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China
  • Feb 21 Andre Tardieu becomes Premier of France
  • Feb 21 US camera exposure meter patented to W.N. Goodwin
  • Feb 22 Purple Heart (the Badge of Military Merit) award reinstituted
  • Feb 24 Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 253.96 mph driving his famous Blue Bird car at Daytona Beach, Florida

Historic Event

Feb 25 Austrian immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship

  • Feb 27 Explosion in coal mine Boissevain, Virginia, USA leaves 38 dead
  • Feb 29 Failed coup attempt by fascist Lapua Movement in Finland
  • Feb 29 TIME magazine features eccentric American politician William "Alfalfa" Murray on its cover after Murray stated his intention to run for President of the United States.
  • Mar 1 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

Historic Event

Mar 1 The "Lindbergh kidnapping", 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh kidnapped from home in East Amwell, New Jersey, found dead 12 May

  • Mar 2 Australian golf trick-shot artist Joe Kirkwood posts an incredible 83 using only his putter over 18 holes at Belleaire, Florida; round includes 6 pars and 1 birdie
  • Mar 7 Riots at Ford factory in Dearborn, Michigan, 4 killed

Historic Event

Mar 9 Eamon De Valera becomes President of Ireland

  • Mar 9 Former Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi installed as head of Manchuria
  • Mar 17 German police raid Adolf Hitler's Nazi headquarters

Sports History

Mar 17 Montreal Canadiens center Howie Morenz registers his 334th career point with an assist in a 10-4 win v NY Americans; passes Cy Denneny as NHL leader for career points

  • Mar 18 91st Grand National: Tim Hamey wins aboard 50/1 outsider Forbra
  • Mar 19 The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened in Sydney, Australia
  • Mar 19 England beats Scotland, 16-3 at Twickenham, London to force a 3-way share with Wales and Ireland of renewed Home Nations Rugby Championship; France expelled, alleged professionalism
  • Mar 20 Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kara-Kalpak ASSR
  • Mar 24 1st US radio broadcast from a moving train (Belle Baker WABC from MD)
  • Mar 27 De Bataven soccer team forms in Gendt

Radio Premiere

Mar 29 Jack Benny debuts on radio, on Ed Sullivan's New York interview program

  • Mar 31 150 wild swans die in Niagara waterfall
  • Mar 31 Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine

Historic Event

Apr 2 Charles Lindbergh turns over $50,000 as ransom for his kidnapped son

Film Release

Apr 2 "Tarzan the Ape Man" released starring Olympic swimmer Johnny Weissmuller in the first of his 12 Tarzan films

Theater Premiere

Apr 4 George Bernard Shaw's comedy play "Too True To Be Good" premieres in NYC; runs for 59 performances

  • Apr 4 Charles G. King, University of Pittsburgh isolates Vitamin C, using adrenal samples provided by Hungarian Albert Szent-Györgyi
  • Apr 5 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
  • Apr 5 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government
  • Apr 9 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs beat New York Rangers, 6-4 for 3-0 series sweep; Toronto's first SC as the Maple Leafs

Election of Interest

Apr 10 Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected President of Germany in a runoff election against Adolf Hitler

  • Apr 12 Emmanuel Chabriers & Balanchines ballet premieres in Monte Carlo

Film Premiere

Apr 12 "Grand Hotel" directed by Edmund Goulding and starring Greta Garbo and John Barrymore premieres in New York, includes the line "I want to be alone" (Best Picture/Production 1932)

Music History

Apr 14 Bizet, Massine & Mira's "Jeux d'Enfants" premieres in Monte Carlo

Film Release

Apr 16 Short film "The Music Box" released in the US, starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy (1932 Academy Award Best Live Action Short Film)

Historic Event

Apr 17 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery

  • Apr 18 36th Boston Marathon won by German runner Paul de Bruyn in 2:33:36.4

Historic Event

Apr 19 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

Historic Event

Apr 19 Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

Historic Event

Apr 23 Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon, England

  • Apr 23 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands, burns down
  • Apr 24 German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia)
  • Apr 25 Rose Franken's "Another Language" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Apr 26 Jean Anouilh's "L'Ermine" premieres in Paris

  • Apr 29 1st broadcast of "One Man's Family" on NBC radio, longest-running dramatic serial on US radio (ends 1959)
  • May 1 1st Suriname union congress at Paramaribo

Radio Premiere

May 2 Jack Benny's 1st radio show premieres (NBC Blue Network)

  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Pearl S Buck (Good Earth)
  • May 3 24 tourists begin 1st air-charter holiday (London-Basle, Switzerland)

Historic Event

May 4 Al Capone enters Atlanta Penitentiary convicted of income tax evasion

  • May 5 Japan & China sign a peace treaty
  • May 7 58th Kentucky Derby: Eugene James aboard Burgoo King wins in 2:05.2
  • May 9 57th Preakness: Eugene James aboard Burgoo King wins in 1:59.8
  • May 9 Piccadilly Circus, London, first lit by electricity
  • May 9 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa merges with WHO to become WHO-WOC
  • May 10 Government declares "Wilhelmus" as the Netherlands' national anthem
  • May 10 Senate chairman Albert Lebrun becomes President of France
  • May 12 Body of kidnapped son of Charles Lindbergh is found in Hopewell, New Jersey
  • May 14 "We Want Beer!" parade in NY
  • May 15 The 15th May Incident: in an attempted coup d'état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is killed
  • May 16 Yanks 4th straight shutout to equal record set by Cleveland & Boston
  • May 17 US Congress changes name "Porto Rico" to "Puerto Rico"
  • May 20 Engelbert Dollfuss becomes chancellor of Austria
  • May 21 1st Curtis Cup for Women's team amateur golf: US wins, 5½-3½ at Wentworth Club (Wentworth, England)

Historic Event

May 21 After flying for 17 hours from Newfoundland, Amelia Earhart lands near Londonderry, Northern Ireland, becoming the 1st transatlantic solo flight by a woman

  • May 23 Australian cyclist Hubert Opperman sets paced world records 1,384km in 24 hours, and 1,609km (1,000 miles) in 28 hours, 55 minutes, 39 seconds at Melbourne Motordrome
  • May 25 Goofy, aka Dippy Dawg, 1st appears in 'Mickey's Revue' by Walt Disney
  • May 26 Admiral Makoto Saito forms parliament in Tokyo
  • May 28 Dam closed, at current monument (South Seas)
  • May 29 The Bonus Army of World War I veterans begins to assemble in Washington, D.C. to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945
  • May 30 Yankees dedicate a plaque to Miller Huggins
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Fred Frame takes lead for good on lap 152, winning from 27th on starting grid; accompanied by riding mechanic Jerry Houck

Historic Event

Jun 1 Franz von Papen becomes Reich Chancellor of Germany

  • Jun 2 German Chancellor Franz von Papen forms his "Cabinet of the Barons"
  • Jun 2 Fisherman George W. Perry catches the world record largemouth bass, weighing in at 22 pounds, 4 ounces, at Lake Montgomery, Georgia
  • Jun 3 John McGraw, who came to NY in 1902, resigns as manager of Giants

Baseball Record

Jun 3 Future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Lou Gehrig first to hit 4 consecutive HRs in a MLB game; NY Yankees beat Philadelphia A's, 20-13 at Shibe Park

  • Jun 3 Paul von Hindenburg disbands German Parliament
  • Jun 4 64th Belmont: Tom Malley aboard Faireno wins in 2:32.8
  • Jun 4 Edouard Herriot becomes Premier of France
  • Jun 4 Chilean coup led by Colonel Marmaduke Grove against President Juan Esteban Montero
  • Jun 6 Ijsselmeervogels soccer team forms in Spakenburg
  • Jun 6 The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon (1/4 ¢/L) sold
  • Jun 6 French Championships Men's Tennis: Henri Cochet wins 7th and final Grand Slam singles title; beats Giorgio de Stefani of Italy 6-0, 6-4, 4-6, 6-3

Sports History

Jun 6 37th Women's French Championships: Helen Wills Moody beats Simonne Mathieu (7-5, 6-1)

  • Jun 7 At 47, Brooklyn pitcher Jack Quinn becomes oldest player in MLB history to record an extra-base hit (double) as the Dodgers beat Chicago Cubs, 9-2
  • Jun 10 1st demonstration of artificial lightning Pittsfield, Massachusetts
  • Jun 10 British Open Men's Golf, Prince's GC: Gene Sarazen wins wire-to-wire by 5 strokes from fellow American Macdonald Smith
  • Jun 13 Great Britain and France sign peace treaty
  • Jun 14 German government of von Papen forms
  • Jun 16 Germany forbids SA/SS-gang fights
  • Jun 16 US President Herbert Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis renominated by Republican Convention
  • Jun 16 Sutcliffe and Holmes make 555 opening cricket stand for Yorkshire v Essex
  • Jun 17 Oil tanker Cymbeline explodes in Montreal, Canada
  • Jun 17 Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the US Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits
  • Jun 19 1st concert given in San Francisco's Stern Grove
  • Jun 19 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China
  • Jun 20 A's Roger Cramer gets 6 consecutive hits in a game (repeats in 1935)
  • Jun 21 German champion Max Schmeling loses NYSAC, NBA and lineal heavyweight boxing titles in controversial split points decision to American Jack Sharkey in NYC, New York
  • Jun 22 Congress approves "Lindbergh Act" making kidnapping a federal offense (amended 1934)
  • Jun 22 NL finally approves players wearing numbers
  • Jun 23 St Louis Browns beat NY Yankees, 14-10; Lou Gehrig's 1,103rd consecutive game in a Yankees uniform, equaling Joe Sewell's record with one team (Cleveland Indians)
  • Jun 24 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand
  • Jun 25 US Open Men's Golf, Fresh Meadow CC: Reigning British Open champion Gene Sarazen shoots tournament record final round 66 to beat Bobby Cruikshank and Philip Perkins by 3 strokes
  • Jun 25 Commencement of India's 1st cricket Test v England at Lord's, London (England initially rattled but go on to win)
  • Jun 29 USSR & China sign non-aggression treaty
  • Jul 1 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats fellow American Helen Jacobs 6-3, 6-1 for her 5th of 8 titles

Presidential Convention

Jul 1 NY Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated for president at Democratic Convention in Chicago

  • Jul 1 NY newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Ellsworth Vines beats hometown favourite Bunny Austin 6-4, 6-2, 6-0 for his only Wimbledon title
  • Jul 2 FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech

Sports History

Jul 2 American golfer Walter Hagen wins his 5th and last Western Open in Cleveland, 16 years after he won his first

  • Jul 3 After 30 years as manager of the New York Giants, John McGraw retires from baseball (2,583 wins / 1,948 losses NY)
  • Jul 4 Don Bradman scores a North American record 260 v Western Ontario in Guelph during Australian cricket team's Goodwill Tour of North America

Historic Event

Jul 5 António de Oliveira Salazar becomes the premier and dictator of Portugal (1932-1968), founding the authoritarian Estado Novo (New State) regime

  • Jul 6 1st class postage back up to 3 cents from 2 cents
  • Jul 6 Cubs' future All Star shortstop Billy Jurges is shot twice in Chicago hotel room by a spurned girlfriend, Violet Popovich Valli; no charges laid
  • Jul 7 Australian cricket batsman supreme Don Bradman scores a double century during a Goodwill Tour in Montreal, Canada
  • Jul 8 Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
  • Jul 8 Herbert Sutcliffe scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Gloucshire
  • Jul 9 Washington Redskins (then Boston Braves) formed
  • Jul 9 Yanks' Ben Chapman hits 2 inside-the-park HRs, tying record
  • Jul 9 The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian federal government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution
  • Jul 10 Jack Burnett gets 9 hits, Eddie Rommel relieves in 2nd 18-17 victory in 18 as his A's beats Indians in longest relief job
  • Jul 12 Hedley Verity establishes a first-class cricket record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm
  • Jul 14 Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
  • Jul 15 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Ozaukee CC: Jane Weiller beats June Beebe 5 & 4 for golf's only major title
  • Jul 15 US President Herbert Hoover cuts own salary 15%
  • Jul 18 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign Ouchy Convention, a customs treaty