On This Day

Historical Events in February 1933

  • Feb 1 Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
  • Feb 1 Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 German Parliament is dissolved by President Paul von Hindenburg by the request of new chancellor Adolf Hitler

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves the German Reichstag (Parliament)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 Hermann Goering bans Communist meetings/demonstrations in Germany

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Feb 2 Ucicky's "Rotten Morning" premieres in Berlin
  • Feb 3 1st interstate legislative conference in US opens, Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 3 German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts
  • Feb 3 Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
  • Feb 4 German President Paul von Hindenburg limits freedom of the press
  • Feb 5 Crew of Dutch "7 Provinces" mutiny after pay cuts
  • Feb 5 Marinus van der Lubbe passes Dutch German boundary
  • Feb 6 -90°F (-68°C), Oymyakon, USSR (Asian record)
  • Feb 6 Highest recorded sea wave (not tsunami), 34 m, in North Pacific hurricane by USS Ramapo
  • Feb 6 German President Paul von Hindenburg and Franz von Papen end the Prussian parliament
  • Feb 7 Colonial troops in Suriname kill 2 demonstrators

  • Feb 7 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead
  • Feb 8 -23°F (-31°C), Seminole, Texas (state record)
  • Feb 8 1st flight of all-metal Boeing 247
  • Feb 9 -63°F (-53°C), Moran, Wyoming (state record)
  • Feb 10 -54°F (-48°C), Seneca, Oregon (state record)
  • Feb 10 Delivery of 1st singing telegram (Postal Telegram Co NYC)
  • Feb 10 Dutch seaplane bombs Dutch ship
  • Feb 10 Adolf Hitler proclaims end of Marxism
  • Feb 10 Mutiny on "7 Provinces" ends (began Feb 4th), 23 killed
  • Feb 12 German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis
  • Feb 15 Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party

MurderAssassination Attempt

Feb 15 President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt survives assassination attempt but Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak is mortally wounded, he would die on March 29

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 15 Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin
  • Feb 16 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against Nazis and communists
  • Feb 16 England regains the Ashes, thanks to "bodyline" tactics
  • Feb 17 First issue of American news magazine "Newsweek" is published
  • Feb 17 Marinus van der Lubbe arrives in Glindow, at Potsdam
  • Feb 17 US Senate accept Blaine Act: ending prohibition
  • Feb 19 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers
  • Feb 20 Curom, Curacaose Broadcast System starts: Princess Juliana's speech

  • Feb 20 US House of Representatives completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
  • Feb 20 Sidney Howard's "Alien Corn" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 22 Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 272.46 mph driving his famous Blue Bird car at Daytona Beach, Florida
  • Feb 24 Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin
  • Feb 24 League of Nations tells Japanese to pull out of Manchuria
  • Feb 25 1st genuine US aircraft carrier named, USS Ranger
  • Feb 25 Major NFL rule changes (hash mark 10 yds in, posts on goal line)
  • Feb 25 Thomas Yawkey purchases Boston Red Sox
  • Feb 26 Golden Gate Bridge groundbreaking ceremony held at Crissy Field
  • Feb 26 Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell

Famous PhotoReichstag Fire

Feb 27 The Reichstag, German parliament building, destroyed by fire; possibly set by the Nazis, who blame and execute Martin van der Lubbe, a Dutch Communist
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The Reichstag building in Berlin, housing the German Parliament, on fire during the night of February 27, 1933.
The Reichstag building in Berlin, housing the German Parliament, on fire during the night of February 27, 1933.
  • Feb 27 Jean Genet's "Intermezzo" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 28 1st female in US Cabinet: Frances Perkins appointed Secretary of Labor
  • Feb 28 On Adolf Hitler's advice, German President Paul von Hindenburg signs the Reichstag Fire Decree after the building is destroyed by fire in Berlin; this eliminates many civil liberties in Germany
  • Feb 28 After the Reichstag Fire Decree, the German Communist Party (KPD) is essentially outlawed (though not formally banned) after the German government blames the Communists for burning down the Reichstag building
  • Feb 28 Pacifist and anti fascist writer Carl Von Ossietzky arrested, sent to Esterwegen-Papenburg concentration camp