On This Day

Historical Events in December 1934

MurderAssassination

Dec 1 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov is assassinated and Joseph Stalin uses it as an excuse to begin his Great Purge of 1934-38

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Sports record brokenNHL Record

Dec 1 Toronto Maple Leafs beat St. Louis Eagles, 4-3 to set an NHL record for the most wins to start the season with 8; Leafs do it again 59 years later; won 10 in a row to start 1993-94 season

NHL Goalie George Hainsworth
NHL Goalie
George Hainsworth
  • Dec 2 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
  • Dec 3 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • Dec 3 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 7 Wiley Post discovers jet stream
  • Dec 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zurich

Sport awardNFL Championship

Dec 9 National Football League Championship, Polo Grounds, NYC: New York Giants defeat Chicago Bears, 30-13

American Football Player Mel Hein
American Football Player
Mel Hein
  • Dec 10 Fascist dictator of Latvia Ulmanis begins building concentration camp
  • Dec 10 NFL adopts player waiver rule; applies after 6th game of season
  • Dec 10 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite
  • Dec 11 1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland
  • Dec 11 1st Toronto Maple Leaf penalty shot, Conacher unsuccessful vs Rangers
  • Dec 11 Ford C Frick becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Dec 11 NL votes to permit night baseball (up to 7 games per home team)
  • Dec 13 Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St NYC

  • Dec 14 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany NY)
  • Dec 15 Fokker F18 Snip flies to the Dutch West Indies
  • Dec 19 Japan agrees to naval treaty of 1922 & 1930

Film release premierFilm Premier

Dec 21 French film "Zouzou" premieres in Paris, starring Josephine Baker; 1st black woman to star in a major motion picture

Dancer, Singer, Spy and Civil Rights Activist Josephine Baker
Dancer, Singer, Spy and Civil Rights Activist
Josephine Baker
  • Dec 22 1st flight from Netherland to Curacao (Christmas flight 1934)
  • Dec 22 Miss Theo Trowbridge sets female bowling record 702 pins in games
  • Dec 24 Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
  • Dec 25 Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 v Qld before 6,180
  • Dec 25 Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 26 Yomiuri Giants, Japan's 1st professional baseball team forms
  • Dec 27 1st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Mass)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 27 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi declares Persia now Iran

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • Dec 27 "Thumbs Up" a musical revue, including music and lyrics by Vernon Duke & James Hanley premieres in NYC

Film release premierFilm Premier

Dec 28 Film "Bright Eyes" premieres starring Shirley Temple and featuring the song "On the Good Ship Lollipop"

Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple
  • Dec 28 First ever Women's cricket international begins England vs Australia in Australia
  • Dec 29 1st collegiate basketball doubleheader at Madison Square Garden
  • Dec 29 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma" premieres in Madrid
  • Dec 29 Japan renounces Wash Naval Treaty of 1922 and London Treaty of 1930
  • Dec 30 New York Rangers and Boston Bruins battle out a 0-0 tie; first of a 37-game overtime undefeated streak for the Bruins, the longest in NHL history; streak spans over 4 years and includes 27 ties
  • Dec 31 Helen Richey becomes 1st woman to pilot an airmail transport