Historical Events in 1934 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 343 of 343

  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Orogrande, New Mexico (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)

Baseball Record

Jul 14 NY Times erroneously declares Babe Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time

  • Jul 14 Philadelphia Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beating Cincinnati 18-0
  • Jul 15 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • Jul 17 Babe Ruth draws his 2,000th base on balls at Cleveland
  • Jul 20 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
  • Jul 21 113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)

Historic Event

Jul 22 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents

Sports History

Jul 23 Australian cricket batting legend Don Bradman completes 304 in drawn 4th Test vs England at Leeds; 430 minutes, 43 x fours, 2 x sixes

  • Jul 24 1st ptarmigan hatched and reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY
  • Jul 25 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
  • Jul 27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • Jul 28 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
  • Jul 29 28th Tour de France won by Antonin Magne of France

PGA Championship

Jul 29 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Park CC: Paul Runyan wins first of his 2 PGA crowns, defeating Craig Wood in 38 holes

  • Jul 31 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Fred Perry beats American Frank Shields 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 15-13 to give Great Britain unassailable 3-1 lead to retain title; ends 4-1
  • Aug 1 2nd Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 1 US Amateur Golf Championship format is changed to a 6-day event with no 36-hole stroke-play qualifying, and 36-hole matches for semi-finals and final
  • Aug 2 1st airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it

Historic Event

Aug 2 Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces

  • Aug 2 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour
  • Aug 3 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader)
  • Aug 4 Giants outfielder Mel Ott becomes first player in MLB history to score 6 runs in a game as New York beats Phillies, 21-4
  • Aug 4 II British Empire Games open at London's White City Stadium
  • Aug 6 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915

Historic Event

Aug 7 US Court of Appeals upheld lower court ruling striking down government's attempt to ban controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses"

  • Aug 9 4th Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the White City Stadium in London, England
  • Aug 10 Babe Ruth announces this is his final season as full time player
  • Aug 11 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay
  • Aug 15 US ends occupation of Haiti after 19 years; started after the 1915 assassination of Haiti's president
  • Aug 16 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028' (923 m) in Bathysphere, off the coast of Bermuda
  • Aug 18 Don Bradman (244) and Bill Ponsford (205 no) put on 451 in world record partnership for Australia on Day 1 of 5th cricket Test win against England at the Oval
  • Aug 18 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Helen Jacobs beats fellow American Sarah Palfrey Cooke 6-1, 6-3 for her third straight US singles title
  • Aug 19 The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio
  • Aug 20 Australian cricket opening batsman Bill Ponsford is dismissed for 266 in his final Test match against England at The Oval; out for 22 in 2nd innings
  • Aug 22 Australian cricket spin bowler Clarrie Grimmett takes 5-64 as England dismissed for 145 in 5th Test at The Oval; Australia wins by 562 runs to regain Ashes, 2-1
  • Aug 22 Red Sox pitcher Wes Ferrell hits 2 HRs to beat White Sox 3-2 in 12

Music Premiere

Aug 27 Harold Arlen, Ira Gershwin and Yip Harburg's musical 'Life Begins at 8:40' premieres in NYC

  • Aug 31 1st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 0, All-Stars 0 (79,432)
  • Sep 1 SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
  • Sep 1 Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
  • Sep 3 Tunisia began its move for independence
  • Sep 4 Australian cricket super-batsman Don Bradman scores 149 not out in just 104 minutes (17 fours, 4 sixes) in drawn tour match v England XI at Folkestone
  • Sep 8 Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle bound for New Jersey catches fire, 133 die
  • Sep 9 Armas Toivonen becomes 1st European marathoner (2:52:29.0)
  • Sep 9 G Kaufman & M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 12 "L'Atalante", French film directed by Jean Vigo, starring Michel Simon, Dita Parlo and Jean Dasté, is released
  • Sep 12 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • Sep 12 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Englishman Fred Perry retains title; beats Wilmer Allison of the US 6-4, 6-3, 1-6, 8-6

Sports History

Sep 13 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis sells World Series broadcast rights to Ford for $100,000

Album Release

Sep 17 RCA Victor releases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording - Beethoven's Fifth Symphony performed by the Philadelphia Orchestra, led by Leopold Stokowski at the Philadelphia Academy of Music

  • Sep 17 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland & Portugal vote no)
  • Sep 18 St Louis Brown Bobo Newsom loses no-hitter to Boston in 10, 2-1
  • Sep 18 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • Sep 19 Bruno Haptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby
  • Sep 21 St Louis Cardinals pitching Dean brothers shut-out Brooklyn Dodgers in a doubleheader; Dizzy, in a 13-0 rout and Paul, with a 3-0 no-hitter
  • Sep 21 Typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, kills 4,000
  • Sep 22 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers
  • Sep 24 2,500 fans see Babe Ruth's farewell Yankee appearance at Yankee Stadium
  • Sep 24 Idle Detroit wins pennant, as Red Sox beat Yankees 5-0

Historic Event

Sep 25 John Van Druten's "Distaff Side" premieres in NYC

Sports History

Sep 25 Lou Gehrig plays in his 1,500th consecutive game

  • Sep 25 Rainbow (US) beats Endeavour (England) in 16th America's Cup
  • Sep 26 British ocean liner RMS Queen Mary is launched; "wins" Blue Riband for fastest passenger crossing of Atlantic, 1936 & 1938-52; retired in 1967, permanently moored and converted to a hotel in Long Beach, California

Film Release

Sep 28 "Judge Priest" film directed by John Ford, starring Will Rogers is released

  • Sep 30 Babe Ruth's final game as a Yankee, goes 0 for 3
  • Sep 30 Charley O'Leary becomes the oldest person at 58 to get a hit in the majors
  • Sep 30 St Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean wins his 30th of year
  • Oct 1 Adolf Hitler expands German army and navy, violating Treaty of Versailles

Murder of Interest

Oct 8 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for the murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

Assassination

Oct 9 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

  • Oct 9 Baseball World Series: St Louis Cardinals rout Detroit Tigers, 11-0 at Navin Field to clinch 4 games to 3 series victory and 3rd championship
  • Oct 13 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Portland G & CC: Marian McDougall outclassed Mrs Guy Riegel, 9 & 7 to win golf's only major title
  • Oct 14 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres

Historic Event

Oct 16 Mao Zedong and 25,000 troops begin their 6,000 mile Long March from the south of China to the north and west

  • Oct 17 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
  • Oct 20 MLB All-Star team led by Connie Mack and including Babe Ruth, Jimmie Foxx and Lou Gehrig sails to Japan for 18-game series against Big-Six University League

Music Release

Oct 20 Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"

Historic Event

Oct 22 Notorious bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shot and killed by FBI agents in East Liverpool, Ohio

  • Oct 23 Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain record balloon height of 10.9 miles (17.5 km) over Lake Erie

Sports History

Oct 26 While Washington Senators player-manager Joe Cronin honeymoons with Mildred Robertson, owner Clark Griffith's niece and adopted daughter, he is sold to Red Sox

  • Oct 28 Brooklyn Dodgers and Pittsburgh Pirates play first of only 4 penalty free games in NFL history; Dodgers wins 21-3 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn

Sports History

Nov 2 MLB All-Star team led by Connie Mack and including Babe Ruth, Jimmie Foxx and Lou Gehrig starts 18-game tour against Japanese Big-Six University League

  • Nov 3 NY Yankees 1st baseman Lou Gehrig wins American League Triple Crown after hitting .363 with 49 HRs and 165 RBI; but Philadelphia A's catcher Mickey Cochrane (.320, 2 HRs, 76 RBI) is named AL MVP
  • Nov 4 After posting 7 straight shutouts to start the NFL season, Detroit Lions beat Pittsburgh, 40-7 at University of Detroit Stadium; scored upon for the first time of the season; rush for NFL single game record 426 yards
  • Nov 6 NFL Philadelphia Eagles beat Cincinnati Reds 64-0
  • Nov 7 Arthur L. Mitchell, becomes first African American Democratic US congressman (Illinois)
  • Nov 8 Ford Frick, NL publicity director, is named league president

Sports History

Nov 10 First NHL penalty shot is awarded to Montreal Canadiens forward Armand Mondou; stopped by Toronto goaltender George Hainsworth in Maple Leafs' 2-1 win

  • Nov 11 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC & becomes KICK-AM
  • Nov 15 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium)
  • Nov 20 17 year old pitcher Eiji Sawamura gives up just 1 hit, a Lou Gehrig HR, as US All Stars beat Japan, 1-0

Historic Event

Nov 20 Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 20 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers)
  • Nov 20 Toronto Maple Leafs left wing Busher Jackson becomes first NHL player to score 4 goals in a period in 5-2 win over St. Louis Eagles at St. Louis Arena
  • Nov 21 "Uiver" returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race

Music Premiere

Nov 21 Cole Porter's musical "Anything Goes" opens at the Alvin Theatre, NYC, later transferred to 46th Street Theatre; runs for 420 performances

Sports History

Nov 21 NY Yankees buy Joe DiMaggio from SF Seals (Pacific Coast League)

  • Nov 22 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show
  • Nov 23 An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • Nov 24 CFL Grey Cup: Sarnia Imperials win their first Championship with a 20-12 win over Regina Roughriders
  • Nov 24 SN Behrman's "Rain from Heaven" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 26 German theologist Karl Barth surrenders to Nazis
  • Nov 26 Turkish regiment decrees importing family names
  • Nov 27 Bank robber Baby Face Nelson dies in a shoot-out with the FBI

Historic Event

Nov 28 Winston Churchill tells British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin not to under estimate German air power

  • Nov 29 Chicago Bears beat Detroit (19-16) in 1st NFL game broadcast nationally

Assassination

Dec 1 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov is assassinated and Joseph Stalin uses it as an excuse to begin his Great Purge of 1934-38

  • Dec 1 Toronto Maple Leafs beat St. Louis Eagles, 4-3 to set an NHL record for the most wins to start the season with 8; Leafs do it again 59 years later; won 10 in a row to start 1993-94 season
  • Dec 2 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
  • Dec 3 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • Dec 3 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Scientific Discovery

Dec 7 Wiley Post discovers the jet stream

  • Dec 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zurich

NFL Championship

Dec 9 National Football League Championship, Polo Grounds, NYC: New York Giants defeat Chicago Bears, 30-13

  • Dec 10 Fascist dictator of Latvia Ulmanis begins building concentration camp
  • Dec 10 NFL adopts player waiver rule; applies after 6th game of season
  • Dec 10 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite
  • Dec 11 1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland
  • Dec 11 1st Toronto Maple Leaf penalty shot, Conacher unsuccessful vs Rangers
  • Dec 11 Ford C. Frick becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Dec 11 NL votes to permit night baseball (up to 7 games per home team)
  • Dec 13 Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St NYC
  • Dec 14 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced in Albany, NY
  • Dec 15 Fokker F18 Snip flies to the Dutch West Indies
  • Dec 19 Japan agrees to naval treaty of 1922 & 1930

Film Premiere

Dec 21 French film "Zouzou" premieres in Paris, starring Josephine Baker; 1st black woman to star in a major motion picture

  • Dec 22 1st flight from Netherland to Curacao (Christmas flight 1934)
  • Dec 22 Miss Theo Trowbridge sets female bowling record 702 pins in games
  • Dec 24 Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
  • Dec 25 Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 v Qld before 6,180
  • Dec 25 Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 26 Yomiuri Giants, Japan's 1st professional baseball team forms
  • Dec 27 1st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Mass)
  • Dec 27 Musical revue "Thumbs Up", including music and lyrics by Vernon Duke, James Hanley, and Ira Gershwin (among others), premieres at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 156 performance

Historic Event

Dec 27 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi declares Persia now Iran

Film Premiere

Dec 28 Film "Bright Eyes" premieres starring Shirley Temple and featuring the song "On the Good Ship Lollipop"

  • Dec 28 First ever Women's cricket international begins England vs Australia in Australia
  • Dec 29 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma" premieres in Madrid
  • Dec 29 First collegiate basketball doubleheader is played at Madison Square Garden, NYC; New York University beats Notre Dame, 25-18; Westminster edges St. John's, 37-33
  • Dec 29 Japan renounces Wash Naval Treaty of 1922 and London Treaty of 1930
  • Dec 30 New York Rangers and Boston Bruins battle out a 0-0 tie; first of a 37-game overtime undefeated streak for the Bruins, the longest in NHL history; streak spans over 4 years and includes 27 ties
  • Dec 31 Helen Richey becomes 1st woman to pilot an airmail transport