Historical Events in 1935

Events 1 - 200 of 295

  • Jan 1 1st Orange Bowl: Bucknell beats Miami (FL), 26-0
  • Jan 1 1st Sugar Bowl: Tulane beats Temple, 20-14
  • Jan 1 21st Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Stanford, 29-13
  • Jan 1 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
  • Jan 1 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
  • Jan 1 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"

Murder of Interest

Jan 2 Bruno Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby

Radio Premiere

Jan 4 Bob Hope 1st heard on network radio as part of "The Intimate Revue"

  • Jan 4 Ft Jefferson National Monument, Florida established

Agreement of Interest

Jan 7 French Foreign minister Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini sign the Franco-Italian Agreement

  • Jan 7 Zoe Akins' "Old Maid" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 8 Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy

Aviation History

Jan 11 Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland, California (non-stop, of course)

  • Jan 13 Plebiscite in Saar indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany

Australian Men's Tennis Open

Jan 14 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Home favourite Jack Crawford wins his 4th Australian title; beats Fred Perry of England 2-6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-4

  • Jan 14 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Melbourne: In an all-British final Dorothy Round Little defeats Nancy Lyle 1-6, 6-1, 6-3
  • Jan 14 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
  • Jan 15 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition
  • Jan 15 Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19 Coopers Inc. sells the world's first men's briefs in Chicago, calls it the "Jockey"
  • Jan 19 KLM begins flight path between Curacao & Aruba
  • Jan 21 12.0" (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Washington (state record)
  • Jan 21 The Wilderness Society is founded by conservationists
  • Jan 21 WFI-AM in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)

Beer in a Can

Jan 24 1st canned beer, "Krueger's Cream Ale," is sold by American company Krueger Brewing Co.

  • Jan 28 Iceland becomes 1st western country to legalize abortion

Meeting of Interest

Jan 30 Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"

  • Feb 1 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
  • Feb 1 James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy
  • Feb 2 Leonarde Keeler first uses his polygraph machine on criminals later convicted of assault on its findings in Portage, Wisconsin
  • Feb 6 "Monopoly" board game goes on sale for 1st time
  • Feb 6 1st election to allow women to vote in Turkey
  • Feb 9 US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Feb 9 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 11 -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
  • Feb 11 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY

Radio Premiere

Feb 12 First secret demonstration of radio signals detecting aircraft by Robert Watson-Watt at Daventry, England

  • Feb 12 Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean
  • Feb 13 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
  • Feb 13 Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh infant. He proclaimed his innocence to the end.
  • Feb 19 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20 Dane Caroline Mikkelson is 1st woman to land on Antarctica

Film Premiere

Feb 22 "The Little Colonel" premieres starring Shirley Temple, Lionel Barrymore and Bill Robinson, featuring famous stair dance with Hollywood's first interracial dance couple

  • Feb 22 Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House

Historic Event

Feb 26 Existence of re-formed German Luftwaffe revealed (banned in 1920 by Treaty of Versailles) with Reichsmarshall Hermann Göring as commander-in-chief

Sports History

Feb 26 NY Yankees release Babe Ruth, he signs with Boston Braves

  • Feb 28 Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
  • Feb 28 Ladby Ship is discovered within a Viking grave on the island of Funen in Denmark by amateur archaeologist Poul Helweg Mikkelsen
  • Feb 28 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon polymer
  • Mar 3 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
  • Mar 5 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
  • Mar 6 Frank Bartell (Czech), cycles record 80.584 mph in LA
  • Mar 7 Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 276.71 mph driving his famous Blue Bird car; last record set at Daytona Beach, Florida
  • Mar 7 Saar incorporated into Germany

Historic Event

Mar 9 Adolf Hitler publicly announces the creation of a new air force, the Luftwaffe

  • Mar 11 Bank of Canada first opens on Wellington Street, Ottawa
  • Mar 11 Hermann Goering officially creates the Luftwaffe (German Air Force)
  • Mar 12 Britain establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
  • Mar 13 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • Mar 14 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars in San Francisco

Cricket History

Mar 15 Brilliant batsman George Headley steers West Indies to an innings victory over England in 4th cricket Test at Kingston, Jamaica with a patient, unbeaten 270

  • Mar 16 Adolf Hitler orders German re-armament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles
  • Mar 16 Scotland beats England, 10-7 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to allow Ireland to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship with a 2-1 record
  • Mar 17 KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR

Theater Premiere

Mar 21 Jean Anouilh's play "Y avait un prisonnier" premieres in Paris

  • Mar 21 Persia is officially renamed Iran
  • Mar 22 Blood tests authorized as evidence in court cases in New York
  • Mar 24 Major Bowes' Original Amateur Hour goes national on NBC Radio Network
  • Mar 25 1st Belgium government of Van Zealand resigns
  • Mar 26 RJ Mitchell & Major Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire

Film Release

Mar 28 Influential Nazi Propaganda film "Triumph of the Will" released showing Nuremberg rallies, commissioned by Adolf Hitler and directed by Leni Riefenstahl

Historic Invention

Mar 28 Robert Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

  • Mar 29 94th Grand National: Frank Furlong wins aboard Reynoldstown at 22/1; stallion repeats with back-to-back victory the following year
  • Mar 30 Newfoundland changes time to 3½ hrs W of Greenwich, repeats 44 sec
  • Apr 1 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
  • Apr 2 Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt receives a British patents for RADAR
  • Apr 3 Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44)
  • Apr 5 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • Apr 6 H Levitt sinks 499 basketball free throws, misses & sinks 371 more

US Masters Golf

Apr 8 2nd Augusta National Invitation Tournament (Masters) Golf: Gene Sarazen wins Monday playoff with Craig Wood by 5 strokes

Music History

Apr 8 Béla Bartók's 5th String quartet premieres in Washington, D.C.

  • Apr 8 Works Progress Administration approved by Congress

Sports History

Apr 9 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Maroons beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4-1 for 3-0 series sweep; Maroons last defunct team to win the Cup

  • Apr 10 Vaughan Williams' 4th Symphony premieres in London
  • Apr 12 First flight of the Bristol Blenheim
  • Apr 12 Germany prohibits publishing "not-Arian" writers
  • Apr 12 Royal Proclamation sets design of Canada's new Jubilee Silver Dollar
  • Apr 14 Black Sunday: Severe dust storm ravages the US Midwest, led to the region being named "the Dust Bowl"
  • Apr 15 39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley in 2:32:07.4
  • Apr 16 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
  • Apr 16 40-year-old future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth debuts in the NL with a HR and single in Boston Braves 4-2 win over the NY Giants, in Boston
  • Apr 17 Provincial-National elections (Musserts NSB achieves 7.9%, 44 chairs)
  • Apr 18 Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
  • Apr 18 Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)

Film Release

Apr 19 "Bride of Frankenstein" horror film classic and sequel to "Frankenstein" starring Boris Karloff and Elsa Lancaster is released

  • Apr 20 "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
  • Apr 21 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • Apr 23 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted
  • Apr 26 Frank Boucher is given NHL's Lady Byng Trophy for sportsmanship permanently for winning it 7 of 11 years
  • Apr 27 Brussels World Exposition opens
  • Apr 27 Yanks pull a 1st inning triple-play & beat Philadelphia A's 9-8
  • Apr 28 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • Apr 30 World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
  • May 1 Canada's 1st silver dollar is circulated
  • May 4 61st Kentucky Derby: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:05

Historic Event

May 6 British King George V & Queen Mary celebrate silver jubilee

  • May 6 KTM-AM in Los Angeles California changes call letters to KEHE (now KABC)
  • May 6 Pulitzer prize awarded to Audrey Wurdemann (Bright Ambush)
  • May 8 Cincinnati Red Ernie Lombardi doubles in 6th, 7th, 8th & 9th beat Phils 15-4
  • May 11 60th Preakness: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 1:58.4
  • May 14 LA's Griffith Planetarium opens, 3rd in US
  • May 14 Northamptonshire County Cricket Club gains (over Somerset at Taunton by 48 runs) what proved to be their last victory for 99 matches, a record in the County Championship. Their next Championship win was not until May 29, 1939.
  • May 14 Plebiscite in the Philippines ratifies independence agreement
  • May 15 MLB Pittsburgh Pirates squeak past Phillies 20-5 at Philadelphia's Baker Bowl
  • May 15 Moscow Metro opens to public; initial phase was 11 km (6.8 mi) long and included 13 stations
  • May 18 English batsman Harold Gimblett scores 123 in 80 minutes on his County Cricket debut for Somerset CCC vs Essex at Frome

Canonization

May 19 English Cardinal John Fisher and statesman Thomas More, executed by Henry VIII, canonized as saints by Pope Pius XI

  • May 19 NFL adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936
  • May 23 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
  • May 24 1st major league night baseball game, in Cincinnati (Reds 2, Philadelphia 1)
  • May 25 Babe Ruth hits his last 3 home runs in Pittsburgh, Boston Braves still lose the game 11–7 to the Pirates

World Record

May 25 Legendary American athlete Jesse Owens equals or breaks 4 world records in 45 minutes at a Big Ten meet at Ferry Field in Ann Arbor, Michigan; remembered as "the greatest 45 minutes ever in sport"

Historic Event

May 27 Supreme Court declares FDR's National Recovery Act unconstitutional

  • May 29 French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage, arrived in NYC on June 3rd
  • May 29 Hague local museum opens
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Kelly Petillo accompanied by riding mechanic Jimmy Dunham win; Pete DePaolo becomes first to win race separately as a driver (1925) and owner
  • May 30 Philadelphia pitcher Jim Bivin retires Babe Ruth on an infield grounder in "the Babe's" final MLB at-bat; Ruth plays just 1 inning in Boston Braves, 11-6 loss to Phillies at the Baker Bowl
  • May 31 7.7 magnitude earthquake destroys Quetta in Balochistan, British India (now Pakistan) killing an estimated 40,000 people
  • Jun 2 40th Women's French Championships: Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-2, 6-1)
  • Jun 2 French Championships Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry wins his only French title, beating Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-3, 3-6, 6-1, 6-3
  • Jun 2 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth announces his retirement as a player at 40 years of age
  • Jun 3 French liner SS Normandie sets Atlantic crossing record of four days, three hours and 14 minutes on her maiden voyage
  • Jun 3 One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jun 8 67th Belmont: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:30.6
  • Jun 8 US Open Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: 25 year old club pro Sam Parks Jr, with no prior tournament wins, beats Scotsman Jimmy Thomson by 2 strokes
  • Jun 9 Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.

Please Don’t Drink To My Success

Jun 10 In Akron, Ohio, Dr. Robert H. Smith (Dr. Bob) from Akron & Bill Wilson from New York City form Alcoholics Anonymous (date of Smith's last drink)

  • Jun 11 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey

Historic Event

Jun 12 Senator Huey Long of Louisiana speaks continually for 15½ hours in then Senate's longest speech (150,000 words)

  • Jun 12 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs Paraguay)
  • Jun 13 10-to-1 underdog James J Braddock upsets defending champion Max Baer in a 15 round unanimous points decision at Madison Square Garden, NYC for the world heavyweight boxing title
  • Jun 13 Hammond scores his 100th hundred, 116 for Gloucs v Somerset
  • Jun 14 Chaco War between Bolivia & Paraguay ends

Boxing Title Fight

Jun 25 Future world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis moves to 20-0 with 6th round KO of former champion Primo Carnera of Italy at Yankee Stadium, NYC

  • Jun 26 Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
  • Jun 26 SDAP & CPH achieve majority in city council in Amsterdam
  • Jun 26 Surrey's former England Test cricket batsman Andy Sandham scores his 100th first class century (103) v Hampshire at Basingstoke
  • Jun 26 Work service for recent graduates becomes obligatory in Germany
  • Jun 27 Danno O'Mahoney beats Jim Londos in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 28 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Alf Perry wins his only major title, by 4 shots from fellow Englishman Alf Padgham
  • Jun 28 Earl Averill's consecutive-game streak ends at 673
  • Jun 28 FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky
  • Jun 29 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Sunset Ridge CC: Opal Hill scores an easy, 9 & 7 win over Mrs. S.L. Reinhart to claim her first of 2 consecutive major titles
  • Jun 30 Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 30 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress
  • Jul 1 Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANP, General Dutch Press Agency) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 2 Great Britain amateur boxing team beats United States in the first International Golden Gloves tournament in NYC, New York
  • Jul 5 1st "Hawaii Calls" radio program is broadcast
  • Jul 5 FDR signs US National Labor Relations Act
  • Jul 5 Tony (Brooklyn Dodgers) and Al (NY Giants) Cuccinello become the first brothers to both hit a MLB homer in the same game, Dodgers win 14-4
  • Jul 5 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Fred Perry successfully defends his title against German Gottfried von Cramm 6-2, 6-4, 6-4
  • Jul 6 Rotterdam architect A van de Steurs Museum Boymans opens

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 6 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody wins her 7th of 8 Wimbledon singles titles beating Helen Jacobs 6-3, 3-6, 7-5

  • Jul 8 3rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Municipal Stadium, Cleveland
  • Jul 12 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union

Music History

Jul 13 Richard Strauss resigns as chairman of Reichskulturkammer

  • Jul 13 US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
  • Jul 16 First automatic parking meter in the United States is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jul 17 "Variety" publishes famous headline "Sticks Nix Hick Pix"
  • Jul 18 Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000
  • Jul 20 1st broadcast of "Gang Busters" on NBC-radio
  • Jul 20 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen
  • Jul 22 Lester Walton appointed US minister to Liberia
  • Jul 24 1st greetings telegram sent in Britain
  • Jul 24 The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR
  • Jul 27 Floods at Yangtzee Jiang and Hoangh, kill 200,000
  • Jul 28 29th Tour de France won by Romain Maes of Belgium
  • Jul 29 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: 3rd straight GB title as Pat Hughes & Raymond Tuckey beat Americans Wilmer Allison & John Van Ryn 6-2, 1-6, 6-8, 6-3, 6-3 for unassailable 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • Jul 30 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
  • Jul 31 3rd Dutch government of Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn sworn in
  • Aug 7 60% of voters agrees to Nazism in Danzig (Gdańsk)
  • Aug 10 3rd Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 11 Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
  • Aug 13 Roller derby is born when the Transcontinental Roller Derby begins at the Chicago Coliseum
  • Aug 14 Social Security Act becomes law
  • Aug 20 Military coup by General Pons & President Ibarra in Ecuador
  • Aug 26 CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks
  • Aug 29 2nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 5, All-Stars 0 (77,450)
  • Aug 31 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)
  • Aug 31 Chicago White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Cleveland Indians, 5-0
  • Aug 31 FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents
  • Aug 31 Russian miner Aleksey Stachanov digs 102 tons of coal in under 6 hours, using a jackhammer
  • Sep 2 Labor Day hurricane makes landfall in Florida, killing 423 people, the strongest and most intense hurricane ever to make landfall in the United States
  • Sep 3 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in 10 games
  • Sep 3 First automobile to exceed 300mph, Malcolm Campbell powers Bluebird to 301.129mph at Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah

Film Release

Sep 6 "Steamboat Round the Bend" film directed by John Ford and starring Will Rogers released weeks after Rogers' death