On This Day

Historical Events in 1935

Events 1 - 200 of 292

  • Jan 1 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
  • Jan 1 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
  • Jan 1 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"
  • Jan 1 21st Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Stanford, 29-13
  • Jan 1 1st Sugar Bowl: Tulane beats Temple, 20-14
  • Jan 1 1st Orange Bowl: Bucknell beats Miami (FL), 26-0

MurderMurder of Interest

Jan 2 Bruno Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Bob Hope 1st heard on network radio as part of "The Intimate Revue"

Entertainer and TV Personality Bob Hope
Entertainer and TV Personality
Bob Hope
  • Jan 4 Ft Jefferson National Monument, Florida established
  • Jan 7 Zoe Akins' "Old Maid" premieres in NYC

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jan 7 French Foreign minister Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini sign the Franco-Italian Agreement

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Jan 8 Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11 Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland Ca (non-stop, of course)

  • Jan 13 Plebiscite in Saar indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
  • Jan 14 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
  • Jan 14 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Melbourne: In an all-British final Dorothy Round Little defeats Nancy Lyle 1-6, 6-1, 6-3

  • Jan 14 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Home favourite Jack Crawford wins his 4th Australian title; beats Fred Perry of England 2-6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-4
  • Jan 15 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition
  • Jan 15 Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19 KLM begins flight path between Curacao & Aruba
  • Jan 19 Coopers Inc. sells the world's first men's briefs in Chicago, calls it the "Jockey"
  • Jan 21 12.0" (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Washington (state record)
  • Jan 21 WFI-AM in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)
  • Jan 21 The Wilderness Society is founded by conservationists

Historic InventionBeer in a Can

Jan 24 1st canned beer, "Krueger's Cream Ale," is sold by American company Krueger Brewing Co.

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Krueger's Cream Ale and Krueger's Finest Beer, sold by American company Krueger Brewing Co.
Krueger's Cream Ale and Krueger's Finest Beer, sold by American company Krueger Brewing Co.
Learn More
  • Jan 28 Iceland becomes 1st western country to legalize abortion

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jan 30 Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"

  • Feb 1 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
  • Feb 1 James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy
  • Feb 2 Leonarde Keeler first uses his polygraph machine on criminals later convicted of assault on its findings in Portage, Wisconsin
  • Feb 6 "Monopoly" board game goes on sale for 1st time
  • Feb 6 1st election to allow women to vote in Turkey
  • Feb 9 US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Feb 9 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 11 -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
  • Feb 11 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY

  • Feb 12 Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Feb 12 First secret demonstration of radio signals detecting aircraft by Robert Watson-Watt at Daventry, England

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • Feb 13 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
  • Feb 13 Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh infant. He proclaimed his innocence to the end.
  • Feb 19 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20 Dane Caroline Mikkelson is 1st woman to land on Antarctica
  • Feb 22 Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House

Film release premierFilm Premier

Feb 22 "The Little Colonel" premieres starring Shirley Temple, Lionel Barrymore and Bill Robinson, featuring famous stair dance with Hollywood's first interracial dance couple

Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple
Tap Dancer and Actor Bill Robinson
Tap Dancer and Actor
Bill Robinson
Actor Lionel Barrymore
Actor
Lionel Barrymore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 NY Yankees release Babe Ruth, he signs with Boston Braves

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Existence of re-formed German Luftwaffe revealed (banned in 1920 by Treaty of Versailles) with Reichsmarshall Hermann Göring as commander-in-chief

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Feb 27 7th Academy Awards: "It Happened One Night", Clark Gable, and Claudette Colbert win

  • Feb 28 Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
  • Feb 28 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon polymer
  • Feb 28 Ladby Ship is discovered within a Viking grave on the island of Funen in Denmark by amateur archaeologist Poul Helweg Mikkelsen
  • Mar 3 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
  • Mar 5 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
  • Mar 6 Frank Bartell (Czech), cycles record 80.584 mph in LA
  • Mar 7 Saar incorporated into Germany
  • Mar 7 Malcolm Campbell sets world land speed record speed of 276.71 mph driving his famous Blue Bird car; last record set at Daytona Beach, Florida

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Adolf Hitler publicly announces the creation of a new air force, the Luftwaffe

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Mar 11 Bank of Canada first opens on Wellington Street, Ottawa
  • Mar 11 Hermann Goering officially creates the Luftwaffe (German Air Force)
  • Mar 12 Britain establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
  • Mar 13 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • Mar 14 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars in San Francisco
  • Mar 15 Brilliant batsman George Headley steers West Indies to an innings victory over England in 4th cricket Test at Kingston, Jamaica with a patient, unbeaten 270
  • Mar 16 Adolf Hitler orders German re-armament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles
  • Mar 16 Scotland beats England, 10-7 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to allow Ireland to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship with a 2-1 record
  • Mar 17 KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Mar 21 Jean Anouilh's play "Y avait un prisonnier" premieres in Paris

Dramatist Jean Anouilh
Dramatist
Jean Anouilh
  • Mar 21 Persia is officially renamed Iran
  • Mar 22 Blood tests authorized as evidence in court cases in New York
  • Mar 24 Major Bowes' Original Amateur Hour goes national on NBC Radio Network
  • Mar 25 1st Belgium government of Van Zealand resigns
  • Mar 26 RJ Mitchell & Major Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire

InventionHistoric Invention

Mar 28 Robert Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard

Film release premierFilm Release

Mar 28 Influential Nazi Propaganda film "Triumph of the Will" released showing Nuremberg rallies, commissioned by Adolf Hitler and directed by Leni Riefenstahl

Film director Leni Riefenstahl
Film director
Leni Riefenstahl
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Mar 29 94th Grand National: Frank Furlong wins aboard Reynoldstown at 22/1; stallion repeats with back-to-back victory the following year
  • Mar 30 Newfoundland changes time to 3½ hrs W of Greenwich, repeats 44 sec
  • Apr 1 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
  • Apr 2 Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt receives a British patents for RADAR
  • Apr 3 Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44)
  • Apr 5 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • Apr 6 H Levitt sinks 499 basketball free throws, misses & sinks 371 more
  • Apr 8 2nd Augusta National Invitation Tournament (Masters) Golf: Gene Sarazen wins Monday playoff with Craig Wood by 5 strokes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Béla Bartok's 5th String quartet premieres in Washington, D.C.

Composer and Pianist Béla Bartok
Composer and Pianist
Béla Bartok
  • Apr 8 Works Progress Administration approved by Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 9 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Maroons beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4-1 for 3-0 series sweep; Maroons last defunct team to win the Cup

NHL Goalie George Hainsworth
NHL Goalie
George Hainsworth
  • Apr 10 Vaughan Williams' 4th Symphony premieres in London
  • Apr 12 Germany prohibits publishing "not-Arian" writers
  • Apr 12 Royal Proclamation sets design of Canada's new Jubilee Silver Dollar
  • Apr 12 First flight of the Bristol Blenheim
  • Apr 14 Black Sunday: Severe dust storm ravages the US Midwest, led to the region being named "the Dust Bowl"
  • Apr 15 39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley in 2:32:07.4

  • Apr 16 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
  • Apr 16 40-year-old future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth debuts in the NL with a HR and single in Boston Braves 4-2 win over the NY Yankees
  • Apr 17 Provincial-National elections (Musserts NSB achieves 7.9%, 44 chairs)
  • Apr 18 Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
  • Apr 18 Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
  • Apr 20 "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
  • Apr 21 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • Apr 23 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted
  • Apr 26 Frank Boucher is given NHL's Lady Byng Trophy for sportsmanship permanently for winning it 7 of 11 years
  • Apr 27 Brussels World Exposition opens
  • Apr 27 Yanks pull a 1st inning triple-play & beat Philadelphia A's 9-8
  • Apr 28 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • Apr 30 World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
  • May 1 Canada's 1st silver dollar is circulated
  • May 4 61st Kentucky Derby: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:05

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Jesse Owens of US sets long jump record at 26' 8½"

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 British King George V & Queen Mary celebrate silver jubilee

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • May 6 KTM-AM in Los Angeles California changes call letters to KEHE (now KABC)
  • May 6 Pulitzer prize awarded to Audrey Wurdemann (Bright Ambush)
  • May 8 Cincinnati Red Ernie Lombardi doubles in 6th, 7th, 8th & 9th beat Phils 15-4
  • May 11 60th Preakness: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 1:58.4
  • May 14 LA's Griffith Planetarium opens, 3rd in US
  • May 14 Plebiscite in the Philippines ratifies independence agreement
  • May 14 Northamptonshire County Cricket Club gains (over Somerset at Taunton by 48 runs) what proved to be their last victory for 99 matches, a record in the County Championship. Their next Championship win was not until May 29, 1939.
  • May 15 Pirates beat Phillies 20-5
  • May 15 The Moscow Metro is opened to public
  • May 18 Harold Gimblett scores 123 in 80 mins on debut for Somerset
  • May 19 NFL adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936

BattleExecution

May 19 English Cardinal John Fisher and statesman Thomas More, executed by Henry VIII, cannonised by Pope Pius XI

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • May 23 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)

  • May 24 1st major league night baseball game, in Cincinnati (Reds 2, Philadelphia 1)
  • May 25 Track and field athlete Jesse Owens equals or breaks 4 world records in 45 minutes at a Big Ten meet at Ferry Field in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Remembered as "the greatest 45 minutes ever in sport".
  • May 25 Babe Ruth hits his last 3 home runs in Pittsburgh, Boston Braves still lose the game 11–7 to the Pirates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Supreme Court declares FDR's National Recovery Act unconstitutional

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • May 29 French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage, arrived in NYC on June 3rd
  • May 29 Hague local museum opens
  • May 30 Babe Ruth's final game, goes hitless for Braves against Phillies
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Kelly Petillo wins in 4:42:22.771 (170.977 km/h)
  • May 31 7.7 magnitude earthquake hits Quetta in Balochistan, British Raj (Pakistan) killing an estimated 50,000 people
  • Jun 1 Driving test & license plates introduced in England
  • Jun 2 Babe Ruth, 40, announces his retirement as a player
  • Jun 2 French Championships Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry wins his only French title, beating Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-3, 3-6, 6-1, 6-3
  • Jun 2 40th Women's French Championships: Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-2, 6-1)
  • Jun 3 French liner SS Normandie sets Atlantic crossing record of four days, three hours and 14 minutes on her maiden voyage
  • Jun 3 One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jun 8 US Open Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: 25 year old club pro Sam Parks Jr, with no prior tournament wins, beats Scotsman Jimmy Thomson by 2 strokes
  • Jun 8 67th Belmont: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:30.6
  • Jun 9 Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
  • Jun 10 In Akron, Ohio, Dr. Robert H. Smith (Dr. Bob) from Akron & Bill Wilson from New York City form Alcoholics Anonymous (date of Smith's last drink)
  • Jun 11 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey
  • Jun 12 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs Paraguay)
  • Jun 12 Senator Huey Long of Louisiana speaks continually for 15½ hours in then Senate's longest speech (150,000 words)
  • Jun 13 Hammond scores his 100th hundred, 116 for Gloucs v Somerset
  • Jun 13 10-to-1 underdog James J Braddock upsets defending champion Max Baer in a 15 round unanimous points decision at Madison Square Garden, NYC for the world heavyweight boxing title
  • Jun 14 Chaco War between Bolivia & Paraguay ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden offers Benito Mussolini a Somalian harbor

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 25 Future world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis moves to 20-0 with 6th round KO of former champion Primo Carnera of Italy at Yankee Stadium, NYC

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
Boxer Primo Carnera
Boxer
Primo Carnera
  • Jun 26 Surrey's former England Test cricket batsman Andy Sandham scores his 100th first class century (103) v Hampshire at Basingstoke
  • Jun 26 Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
  • Jun 26 SDAP & CPH achieve majority in city council in Amsterdam

  • Jun 26 Work service for recent graduates becomes obligatory in Germany
  • Jun 27 Danno O'Mahoney beats Jim Londos in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 28 Earl Averill's consecutive-game streak ends at 673
  • Jun 28 FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky
  • Jun 28 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Alf Perry wins his only major title, by 4 shots from fellow Englishman Alf Padgham
  • Jun 29 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Sunset Ridge CC: Opal Hill scores an easy, 9 & 7 win over Mrs. S.L. Reinhart to claim her first of 2 consecutive major titles
  • Jun 30 Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 30 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • Jul 1 Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANP, General Dutch Press Agency) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 2 Great Britain amateur boxing team beats United States in the first International Golden Gloves tournament in NYC, New York
  • Jul 5 1st "Hawaii Calls" radio program is broadcast
  • Jul 5 FDR signs US National Labor Relations Act
  • Jul 5 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Fred Perry successfully defends his title against German Gottfried von Cramm 6-2, 6-4, 6-4
  • Jul 5 Tony (Brooklyn Dodgers) and Al (NY Giants) Cuccinello become the first brothers to both hit a MLB homer in the same game, Dodgers win 14-4

Sport awardWimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 6 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody wins her 7th of 8 Wimbledon singles titles beating Helen Jacobs 6-3, 3-6, 7-5

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody
  • Jul 6 Rotterdam architect A van de Steurs Museum Boymans opens
  • Jul 8 3rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
  • Jul 12 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 Richard Strauss resigns as chairman of Reichskulturkammer

Composer and Conductor Richard Strauss
Composer and Conductor
Richard Strauss
  • Jul 13 US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
  • Jul 16 First automatic parking meter in the United States is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jul 17 "Variety" publishes famous headline "Sticks Nix Hick Pix"
  • Jul 18 Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000
  • Jul 20 1st broadcast of "Gang Busters" on NBC-radio
  • Jul 20 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen
  • Jul 22 Lester Walton appointed US minister to Liberia
  • Jul 24 1st greetings telegram sent in Britain
  • Jul 24 The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR
  • Jul 27 Floods at Yangtzee Jiang and Hoangh, kill 200,000
  • Jul 28 29th Tour de France won by Romain Maes of Belgium

  • Jul 29 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: 3rd straight GB title as Pat Hughes & Raymond Tuckey beat Americans Wilmer Allison & John Van Ryn 6-2, 1-6, 6-8, 6-3, 6-3 for unassailable 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • Jul 30 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
  • Jul 31 3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in
  • Aug 7 60% of voters agrees to Nazism in Danzig (Gdańsk)
  • Aug 10 3rd Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 11 Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
  • Aug 13 Roller derby is born when the Transcontinental Roller Derby begins at the Chicago Coliseum
  • Aug 14 Social Security Act becomes law
  • Aug 20 Military coup by General Pons & president Ibarra in Ecuador
  • Aug 26 CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks
  • Aug 29 2nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 5, All-Stars 0 (77,450)
  • Aug 31 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)
  • Aug 31 Chicago White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Cleveland Indians, 5-0
  • Aug 31 FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents
  • Aug 31 Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 105 tons of cabbages in 6 hours
  • Sep 2 Labor Day hurricane makes landfall in Florida, killing 423 people, the strongest and most intense hurricane ever to make landfall in the United States
  • Sep 3 First automobile to exceed 300mph, Malcolm Campbell powers Bluebird to 301.129mph at Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • Sep 3 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in 10 games

Film release premierFilm Release

Sep 6 "Steamboat Round the Bend" film directed by John Ford and starring Will Rogers released weeks after Rogers' death

Film director John Ford
Film director
John Ford
Humorist Will Rogers
Humorist
Will Rogers