On This Day

Historical Events in 1936

Events 1 - 200 of 392

  • Jan 1 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
  • Jan 1 22nd Rose Bowl: Stanford beats SMU, 7-0
  • Jan 1 2nd Sugar Bowl: TCU beats LSU, 3-2
  • Jan 1 2nd Orange Bowl: Catholic University beats Mississippi, 20-19
  • Jan 2 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Missouri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Bradman scores 357 for South Australia v Victoria, 424 minutes, 40 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 4 Billboard magazine publishes its 1st music hit parade
  • Jan 4 Grimmett becomes world record wicket taker with no 190 v South Africa
  • Jan 6 Barbara Hanley became Canada's 1st woman mayor (Webbwood, Ontario)
  • Jan 7 Tennis champs Helen Moody & Howard Kinsley volley 2,001 times (1h18m)
  • Jan 9 Noel Coward's "Astonished Heart" premieres in London
  • Jan 9 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
  • Jan 11 Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14 L M (Mario) Giannini elected President of Bank of America

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • Jan 15 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
  • Jan 15 Horace Stoneham is elected president of New York Giants MLB franchise; succeeds late father, Charles; remains president for next 40 years, presiding over move to SF, before selling team in 1976

  • Jan 15 Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates
  • Jan 16 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah, Florida
  • Jan 16 Screen Actors Guild incorporates with King Vidor as president
  • Jan 16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Edward VIII succeeds British King George V

King of Great Britain Edward VIII
King of Great Britain
Edward VIII
  • Jan 23 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Pierre Laval's second French government falls

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Jan 24 Benny Goodman & orchestra record "Stompin' at the Savoy" on Victor Records
  • Jan 24 Albert Sarraut becomes Prime Minister of France
  • Jan 27 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Adelaide: Joan Hartigan Bathurst wins her 3rd Australian singles title; beats Nancye Wynne Bolton 6-4, 6-4
  • Jan 27 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Adrian Quist wins his first Grand Slam event; beats fellow Australian Jack Crawford 6-2, 6-3, 4-6, 3-6, 9-7

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 Pravda criticizes Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth"

Hall of fameHall of Fame

Jan 29 1st players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame: Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Jan 30 New owners of Boston Braves ask newspapermen to pick a new nickname
  • Jan 31 "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
  • Feb 4 1st radioactive substance produced synthetically (radium E)
  • Feb 5 National Wildlife Federation forms

Film release premierFilm Release

Feb 5 "Modern Times", silent film directed by, written by and starring Charlie Chaplin, is released

Comedian, Actor and Filmmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian, Actor and Filmmaker
Charlie Chaplin
  • Feb 6 Pravda criticizes Dmitri Shostakovich's ballet "Clear Brook"
  • Feb 6 IV Winter Olympic Games open in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
  • Feb 7 A flag is authorized for US Vice President
  • Feb 7 Felix the Cat, animated film released by Van Beuren Studios licensed from Otto Messmer
  • Feb 8 1936 NFL Draft (first ever): Jay Berwanger from University of Chicago first pick by Philadelphia Eagles
  • Feb 8 1st ski jumping tournament, Red Wing, Minnesota
  • Feb 8 1st successful Toronto Maple Leaf penalty shot, Conacher vs Rangers

  • Feb 8 Pandit Jawaharlal suceeds Mahatma Gandhi as chairman of India Congress Party
  • Feb 8 German alpine skier Christi Cranz wins the inaugural Olympic women’s combined gold medal at the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games ahead of team mate Käthe Grasegger
  • Feb 9 German skier Franz Pfnür wins the inaugural Olympic men’s combined gold medal at the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games ahead of team mate Gustav Lantschner
  • Feb 11 Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • Feb 13 Ivar Ballangrud of Norway narrowly misses winning all 4 speed skating events at the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Olympics; finishes 2nd in 1,500m just 1.0s behind team mate Charles Mathiesen
  • Feb 14 National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago
  • Feb 14 US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Feb 14 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 14 Karl Schäfer of Austria wins his 2nd consecutive men’s figure skating Olympic gold medal at the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games in Germany
  • Feb 14 Norwegian speed skater Ivar Ballangrud sets Olympic record 17:24.3 to win the 10,000m at the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games; his 3rd gold medal from 4 events and 4th career Olympic gold
  • Feb 15 -60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)

Historic CommunicationVolkswagen Beetle

Feb 15 Adolf Hitler announces construction of the Volkswagen Beetle (the People's Car, aka the Käfer/Beetle)
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The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
  • Feb 15 Sonja Henie of Norway becomes the most successful Olympic figure skater ever by winning her 3rd consecutive gold medal at the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games; beats Cecilia College of Great Britain by 6.4 points
  • Feb 15 Great Britain’s 0-0 tie with the US is enough to clinch their first ever Olympic ice hockey gold medal at the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games; breaks Canada’s 4 straight Games golden streak
  • Feb 16 Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections
  • Feb 16 IV Winter Olympic Games close in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
  • Feb 17 -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
  • Feb 17 S. N. Behrman's play "End of Summer" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 17 The world's first superhero, The Phantom, a cartoon strip by Lee Falk, makes his first appearance in comics.
  • Feb 18 NHL record 32 points scored, NY Americans (28) & Mont Maroons (24)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 19 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • Feb 22 Construction on Ypenburg Neth airport begins
  • Feb 22 Sonja Henie of Norway follows up her Winter Olympics victory with an incredible 10th consecutive women’s World Championship figure skating gold medal in Paris, France
  • Feb 23 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Adolf Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 26 Military coup in Japan
  • Feb 27 Willy den Ouden swims world record 100m free style (1:04.6)
  • Feb 28 Karl Schäfer of Austria follows up his Winter Olympics victory with his 7th consecutive men’s figure skating World Championship title in Paris, France
  • Feb 28 Olympic champions Ernst Baier and Maxi Herber of Germany win their 4th consecutive pairs figure skating gold medal at the World Championships in Paris, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 US President FDR signs 2nd Neutrality Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Mar 1 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed
  • Mar 1 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • Mar 2 Australian cricket's batting maestro Don Bradman scores 369 in 253 minutes (46 fours, 4 sixes) in South Australia's innings and 349 run win over Tasmania
  • Mar 3 Clarence Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v South Africa

Historic CommunicationHindenburg Disaster

Mar 4 1st flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany
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The Zeppelin Hindenburg begins to fall seconds after catching fire
The Zeppelin Hindenburg begins to fall seconds after catching fire
  • Mar 5 Spitfire makes its 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Mar 5 8th Academy Awards: "Mutiny on the Bounty", Victor McLaglen & Bette Davis wins

  • Mar 6 Belgium ends Locarno pact
  • Mar 7 Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles by sending troops to the Rhineland
  • Mar 8 The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Babe Ruth turns down Reds to make a comeback as a player

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Mar 13 Irish-bred Golden Miller with Evan Williams aboard wins record 5th consecutive Cheltenham Gold Cup steeplechase at 21/20 favourite; only horse to complete Gold Cup-Grand National double
  • Mar 14 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue
  • Mar 14 Wales beats Ireland, 3-0 in Cardiff to clinch the Home Nations Rugby Championship with a 2-1-0 record

Film release premierFilm Premier

Mar 22 "The Great Ziegfeld" directed by Robert Z. Leonard and starring William Powell and Luise Rainer premieres in Los Angeles (Best Picture 1937

Actress Luise Rainer
Actress
Luise Rainer
  • Mar 23 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • Mar 24 Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Maroons, 1-0 in 16 minutes, 30 seconds of 6th period of OT; record Stanley Cup playoff game lasts 9 periods (176 minutes)
  • Mar 25 200-inch mirror blank leaves for California to be ground
  • Mar 25 Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Maroons in NHL longest game (2h56m30s)
  • Mar 26 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
  • Mar 26 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • Mar 26 Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska
  • Mar 27 WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
  • Mar 27 95th Grand National: Fulke Walwyn scores back-to-back GN victories aboard Reynoldstown at 10/1
  • Mar 29 10,000 watch the 200-inch mirror blank passing through Indianapolis
  • Mar 29 Nazi propaganda claims 99% of Germans voted for Nazi candidates
  • Apr 1 Orissa constituted a province of British India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1 Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York

  • Apr 3 Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
  • Apr 3 Shortest boxing bout with gloves lasts only 10 seconds
  • Apr 5 Tupelo, Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • Apr 6 3rd Augusta National Invitation Tournament (Masters) Golf: Horton Smith wins his second Masters, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Harry Cooper, with defending champion Gene Sarazen 3rd
  • Apr 6 ANP begins telex service in Amsterdam
  • Apr 6 Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
  • Apr 10 200" mirror blank arrives in Pasadena
  • Apr 11 Rodgers & Hart's musical "On Your Toes" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Detroit Red Wings beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3-2 for a 3-1 series win; Red Wings first SC Championship

NHL Goalie George Hainsworth
NHL Goalie
George Hainsworth
  • Apr 13 Ioannis Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece

MurderMurder of Interest

Apr 14 French singer Édith Piaf questioned after nightclub owner and her patron Louis Leplée murdered in Paris

Singer Edith Piaf
Singer
Edith Piaf

  • Apr 18 Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
  • Apr 19 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • Apr 20 40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown in 2:33:40.8
  • Apr 20 Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
  • Apr 23 Carl Hubbell's 1st start of season is his 17th straight win
  • Apr 26 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 4th Symphony
  • Apr 29 1st pro baseball game in Japan is played Nagoya defeats Daitokyo, 8-5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italy invades

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 FBI's J. Edgar Hoover arrests gangster Alvin "Creepy" Karpis

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • May 2 Sergei Prokofiev's musical "Peter and the Wolf" premieres in Moscow
  • May 2 62nd Kentucky Derby: Ira Hanford aboard Bold Venture wins in 2:03.6
  • May 2 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie and family flee Abyssinia
  • May 3 French People's Front wins elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets 3 hits

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)
  • May 5 Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip
  • May 5 Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa
  • May 8 Jockey Ralph Neves unexpectedly revived after being declared dead after a fall. His wife faints when he returned to track
  • May 9 1st KLM airplane to land on Bonaire
  • May 9 Italy takes Addis Abba, annexing Absynnia (Ethiopia)
  • May 10 Manuel Azaña elected the second President of the Spanish Republic
  • May 10 Nahas Pasja becomes premier of Egypt
  • May 12 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Poisoned Kiss" premieres in London
  • May 13 Quiroga government takes office in Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Amy Johnson arrives in Croydon, England having flown from South Africa in a record 4 days and 16 hours

Aviator Amy Johnson
Aviator
Amy Johnson
  • May 16 1st British air hostess Daphne Kearley flies to France
  • May 16 61st Preakness: George Woolf aboard Bold Venture wins in 1:59
  • May 21 Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
  • May 22 Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland
  • May 24 Dutch bishops forbid membership of Nazi party
  • May 24 Tony Lazerri 2 grand slams (11 RBIs); Ben Chapman sets record by reaching 1st 7 times safely, Yanks beat A's 25-2
  • May 25 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins
  • May 26 1st government of Zealand in Belgium ends
  • May 27 RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage

Historic PublicationOn Computable Numbers

May 28 Alan Turing submits "On Computable Numbers" for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers.
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On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, by Alan Turing
On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, by Alan Turing
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Louis Meyer wins in 4:35:03.314 (175.530 km/h)
  • Jun 1 "Lux Radio Theater" moved from NYC to Hollywood
  • Jun 1 Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY
  • Jun 1 French Championships Men's Tennis: Gottfried von Cramm of Germany wins his 2nd French title; beats Englishman Fred Perry 6-0, 2-6, 6-2, 2-6, 6-0
  • Jun 1 41st Women's French Championships: Hilde Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-3, 6-4)

  • Jun 2 General Anastasio Somoza García takes over as dictator of Nicaragua
  • Jun 6 US Open Men's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Relatively unknown pro Tony Manero wins by 2 strokes from runner-up Harry Cooper
  • Jun 6 68th Belmont: James Stout aboard Granville wins in 2:30
  • Jun 6 Aviation gasoline 1st produced commercially Paulsboro, New Jersey
  • Jun 7 Yanks beat Indians 5-4 in 16; longest game without a strikeout
  • Jun 7 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is convicted on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution
  • Jun 9 Page Miss Glory (1936), premieres in USA
  • Jun 11 Presbyterian Church of America founded at Philadelphia
  • Jun 11 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England
  • Jun 12 1st 50 KW US radio station (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
  • Jun 12 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Topeka CC: Opal Hill scores a 3 & 2 win over Mrs. Charkes Dennehy to claim her second consecutive major title
  • Jun 13 2nd Belgian government of Van Zealand forms
  • Jun 14 Oranienburg Concentration Camp opens in Germany
  • Jun 16 Dutch queen Wilhelmina opens the Waal bridge
  • Jun 16 Pope Pius XI receives Anton Mussert (Dutch Nazi collaborator)
  • Jun 18 1st bicycle traffic court in America established, Racine, Wisconsin
  • Jun 18 Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Mościcki dictatorial power
  • Jun 19 Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 19 German boxer Max Schmeling KOs up-and-coming American heavyweight Joe Louis in 12 rounds at Yankee Stadium, New York

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Jun 19 Joe McCarthy is named to manage AL All-Stars, rather than high-strung Mickey Cochrane, who is very close to a nervous breakdown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 20 Jesse Owens of US sets 100 meter record at 10.2

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
  • Jun 22 Harry Froboess dives 110 m from airship into Bodensee & survives
  • Jun 22 Virgin Islands receives a constitution from US (Organic Act)
  • Jun 24 Joe DiMaggio becomes 5th to hit 2 HRs in 1 inn, Yanks beat Browns 18-4
  • Jun 24 Mary McLeod Bethune named director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Adm
  • Jun 26 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
  • Jun 26 Everett Marshall beats Ali Baba in Columbus, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 27 British Open Golf, Royal Liverpool GC: Englishman Alf Padgham wins his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Jimmy Adams of Scotland
  • Jun 28 Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China
  • Jun 29 Empire State Building broadcasts high definition TV-343 lines
  • Jun 29 Pope Pius XI encyclical to US bishops "On motion pictures"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 George M. Cohan is the first artist to be presented with a US Congressional Gold Medal, by Franklin D. Roosevelt (for raising war morale)

Composer, Actor, Singer and Producer George M. Cohan
Composer, Actor, Singer and Producer
George M. Cohan
  • Jun 30 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees
  • Jun 30 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jun 30 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published

  • Jul 1 AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
  • Jul 1 Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Home favourite Fred Perry beats Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-1, 6-1, 6-0 for his third straight Wimbledon singles title
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Helen Jacobs wins her only Wimbledon title beating Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling 6-2, 4-6, 7-5
  • Jul 4 League of Nations ends sanctions against Italy after Italian takeover of Abyssinia
  • Jul 5 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
  • Jul 6 114°F (46°C), Moorhead, Minnesota (state record)
  • Jul 6 121°F (49°C), Steele, North Dakota (state record)
  • Jul 6 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell
  • Jul 7 4th MLB All Star Game, Braves Field, Boston: After losing the first 3 AS Games, NL wins 4-3, 4 different Cubs players score the runs
  • Jul 7 RCA shows 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show and monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)
  • Jul 10 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)
  • Jul 10 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record)
  • Jul 10 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)