On This Day

Historical Events in 1936 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 391 of 391

  • Jul 13 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • Jul 13 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin (state record)
  • Jul 14 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
  • Jul 15 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • Jul 16 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY
  • Jul 16 NY Giants are 10½ games back in NL, & go on to win pennant

Baseball Record

Jul 17 NY Giants future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Carl Hubbell begins MLB record 24 game winning streak, beating Pittsburgh Pirates, 6-0 at Forbes Field

Historic Event

Jul 17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

  • Jul 18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco

Historic Event

Jul 18 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison

Sports History

Jul 19 17 year old Cleveland Indians future Baseball HOF pitcher Bob Feller makes his MLB debut in relief in 9-5 loss to Senators at Griffith Stadium, Washington

  • Jul 19 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • Jul 22 Philadelphia Phillies outfielder Johnny Moore hits 3 straight home runs in a 16-4 rout of the Pittsburgh Pirates
  • Jul 24 118°F (48°C), Minden, Nebraska (state record)
  • Jul 24 121°F (49°C), near Alton, Kansas (state record)
  • Jul 24 Generals Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • Jul 25 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx

Music History

Jul 25 Jazz saxophonist Charlie "Bird" Parker marries his childhood sweetheart Rebecca Ruffin

  • Jul 26 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 28 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: 4 straight titles for GB as Fred Perry beats Australian Jack Crawford 6-2, 6-3, 6-3 for a 3-2 victory
  • Jul 31 IOC awards Tokyo, Japan 1940 Summer Olympic Games (later cancelled, Second Sino-Japanese War)

Olympic Games

Aug 1 XI Summer Olympic Games are opened by Adolph Hitler in Berlin

  • Aug 1 Benjamin Mays named president of Morehouse College
  • Aug 2 Tour de France: Sylvère Maes of Belgium wins his second title from Frenchman Antone Magne
  • Aug 2 A Finnish trifecta in the 10,000m final at the Berlin Olympics; Ilmari Salminen beats teammates Arvo Askola and Volmari Iso-Hollo
  • Aug 2 Americans Cornelius Johnson, Dave Albritton and Delos Thurber sweep the high jump medals at the Berlin Olympics

Olympic Gold

Aug 3 American sprinter Jesse Owens wins the 100m (10.3 seconds) in front of Adolf Hitler in a famous race at the Berlin Olympics, first of 4 gold medals at the Games

  • Aug 3 Karl Hein (56.49 Olympic record) and Erwin Blask make it a German 1-2 in the hammer throw at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 4 Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece
  • Aug 4 American athlete Jesse Owens wins his 2nd gold medal at the Berlin Olympics; beats German Luz Long in the long jump final with an Olympic record
  • Aug 4 American Helen Stephens runs 11.5 to win the 100m at the Berlin Olympics, beating controversial intersex athlete Stanisława Walasiewicz of Poland
  • Aug 5 American athlete Jesse Owens wins 200m in world record time (20.7s), his 3rd gold medal of the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 5 Italian athlete Ondina Valla runs a world record 11.6 in the semi finals of the 80m hurdles at the Berlin Olympics; wins final the next day but can't match the time
  • Aug 5 Ken Carpenter (50.48 Olympic record) and Gordon Dunn make it an American 1-2 in the men’s discus throw at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 6 Jack Lovelock of New Zealand runs a world record (3:47.8) to win the gold medal in the 1,500m at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 6 Japanese athletes quinella the triple jump at the Berlin Olympics; Naoto Tajima wins gold and Masao Harada silver
  • Aug 6 American athlete Forrest Towns runs world record 14.1 in 110m hurdles semi finals at the Berlin Olympics; later can't match the time but wins the gold medal in the final
  • Aug 7 A Finnish quinella in the 5,000m final at the Berlin Olympics; Gunnar Höckert runs an Olympic record to beat teammate Lauri Lehtinen
  • Aug 7 Twenty-two nations line-up as the first basketball competition in the Olympics Games starts in Berlin; Estonia beats France 34-29 in the first game
  • Aug 7 Argentina wins the polo gold medal beating Great Britain 11-0 in the final at the Berlin Olympics; final time the sport is contested at the Olympics
  • Aug 8 A Finnish quinella in the 3,000m steeplechase at the Berlin Olympics; Volmari Iso-Hollo beats teammate Kaarlo Tuominen in world record time (9:03.8)
  • Aug 8 American Glenn Morris' decathlon total of 7,254 points is a world record; teammates Bob Clark & Jack Parker complete US sweep in the gruelling event at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 8 Corbett National Park and Tiger Reserve founded in Uttarakhand, British India, as Hailey National Park (later renamed) - India's first National Park [1]
  • Aug 9 Jesse Owens is part of the American 4 x 100m relay team that wins gold in world record (39.8) at the Berlin Olympics; his 4th gold medal of the Games
  • Aug 9 Korean nationals representing Japan earn medals in the marathon at the Berlin Olympics; Sohn Kee-chung won gold and Nam Sung-yong bronze
  • Aug 9 Helen Stephens claims the women's sprint double at the Berlin Olympics having won the 100m and as part of the victorious American 4 x 100m relay team
  • Aug 9 Hungarian swimmer Ferenc Csik wins 100m freestyle gold medal in 57.6 at the Berlin Olympics, beating Japanese pair Masanori Yusa & Shigeo Arai
  • Aug 10 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)
  • Aug 10 120°F (49°C) at Ozark, Arkansas (state record)
  • Aug 10 4th Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 10 First time the Olympic cycling road race is conducted as a mass start event with Frenchmen Robert Charpentier and Guy Lapébie taking gold and silver, and France winning the teams gold medal
  • Aug 11 Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
  • Aug 12 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
  • Aug 12 After 24 year absence a baseball demonstration game is played between 2 American teams at Berlin Olympics, World Champions beat US Olympics, 6-5
  • Aug 12 American diver Marjorie Gestring wins 3m springboard gold at the Berlin Olympics, youngest Olympic gold medalist (13 years 268 days)
  • Aug 12 The gymnastics competition at the Berlin Olympics concludes with Germany dominating, winning 6 of 9 gold medals including the men’s & women’s teams events
  • Aug 13 Nida Senff and Rie Mastenbroek make it a Dutch 1-2 in the women’s 100m backstroke final at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 13 Rie Mastenbroek of the Netherlands swims an Olympic record 1:05.9 to win the women’s 100m freestyle at the Berlin Olympics, beating Jeannette Campbell of Argentina by 0:05
  • Aug 13 Americans Dorothy Poynton-Hil and Velma Dunn take the gold and silver medals in the 10m platform diving at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 14 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • Aug 14 United States beats Canada, 19-8 in poor conditions outdoors to win the gold medal in the inaugural men's basketball competition at the Olympic Games in Berlin
  • Aug 14 American swimmers Adolph Kiefer and Al Vande Veghe quinella the 100m backstroke at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 14 The Berlin Olympics rowing competition concludes with Germany winning 5 of 7 gold medals, although the United States wins the coveted eights gold
  • Aug 15 Marshall Wayne and Elbert Root make it an American 1-2 in the 10m platform diving at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 15 Americans make a clean sweep of the 3m diving medals via Marjorie Gestring, Katherine Rawls and Dorothy Poynton-Hill at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 15 The Berlin Olympic fencing competition concludes with Italy winning 4 of the 7 gold medals and Hungary taking the other 3
  • Aug 15 Annibale Frossi scores twice as Italy beats Austria 2-1 in extra time in the soccer final at the Berlin Olympics

A Kiss For Adolf Hitler

Aug 15 Carla de Vries, an American tourist at the swimming event of the Berlin Olympics finds Adolf Hitler “so friendly and gracious” she shakes his hand and gives him a kiss

  • Aug 16 XI Summer Olympic Games close in Berlin
  • Aug 16 The Berlin Olympic equestrian competition concludes with Germany winning all 6 gold medals in an unprecedented team achievement
  • Aug 17 An unemployed worker, Neils B. Ruud, in Madison, Wisconsin, receives the first unemployment benefit check paid under a State law, for $15
  • Aug 18 106.5°F - Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
  • Aug 19 Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
  • Aug 23 17 year old Cleveland Indians future Baseball HOF pitcher Bob Feller's debut MLB game; strikes out 15 St Louis Browns in 4-1 win at League Park, Cleveland
  • Aug 24 Australian Antarctic Territory created

Historic Event

Aug 24 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists

  • Aug 25 3 Braves hit twice in an inning getting 2 hits each
  • Aug 25 Odourless cornstarch is patented in the US by Ralph W. Kerr
  • Sep 1 Belgian boxer Gustave Roth beats Heinz Lazek of Austria in a 15 round points decision to win the EBU and vacant IBU world light heavyweight title in Vienna
  • Sep 2 1st transatlantic "ping-pong'' round-trip air flight from NY to England an back begins, piloted by Dick Merrill with Harry Richman
  • Sep 2 NFL Chicago College All-Star Game: All-Stars 7, Detroit Lions 7; 76,000 at Soldier Field
  • Sep 3 For the first and only time in the history of the Walker Cup golf event, there is a shutout; the United States routs Great Britain, 9-0 at Pine Valley GC in New Jersey
  • Sep 4 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain
  • Sep 4 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier

Film Release

Sep 4 RKO Radio Pictures releases "Swing Time", directed by George Stevens, starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers

  • Sep 4 British-Kenyan aviator Beryl Markham takes off from Abingdon in England on a solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean; crash-lands at Baleine Cove on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, becoming the 1st woman to make the east-west trip [1]

Historic Event

Sep 7 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam), on the Colorado River, between Nevada and Arizona. begins operation

  • Sep 7 The last surviving member of the marsupial thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in his/her cage at the Hobart Zoo (Hobart, Tasmania, Australia)
  • Sep 8 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged
  • Sep 9 New York Yankees beat Cleveland Indians, 12-9 at League Park to clinch AL pennant on the earliest date in history
  • Sep 11 A's pitcher Horace Lisenbee gives up 26 hits in a game
  • Sep 12 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry wins his 8th and final Grand Slam event before turning pro; beats American Don Budge 2-6, 6-2, 8-6, 1-6, 10-8

US Open Women's Tennis

Sep 12 50th US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: #3 seed Alice Marble beats top seeded fellow American Helen Jacobs 4-6, 6-3, 6-2

  • Sep 13 17 year old Cleveland Indians future Baseball HOF pitcher Bob Feller strikes out then record 17 Philadelphia A's in 5-2 win at League Park, Cleveland

Murder of Interest

Sep 13 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner

Baseball Record

Sep 14 Pittsburgh Pirates' future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Paul Waner ties Rogers Hornsby's NL record of 200 MLB hits for 7th time

  • Sep 14 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.
  • Sep 21 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander
  • Sep 25 Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
  • Sep 27 First baseman Walter Alston plays in his only major league game for the St. Louis Cardinals; manages Brooklyn/LA Dodgers for 23 years
  • Sep 27 Franco troops conquer Toledo
  • Sep 27 Netherlands leave Gold Standard/devaluate guilder
  • Sep 27 Boston Redskins and Brooklyn Dodgers play one of only 4 penalty free games in NFL history; Boston wins 14-3 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn
  • Sep 28 Bachelor's Children debuts on CBS radio (at 9:45 am)
  • Sep 29 Radio used for 1st time for a presidential campaign
  • Sep 30 International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends
  • Sep 30 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
  • Oct 1 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
  • Oct 2 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
  • Oct 2 Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject Nazism
  • Oct 2 French franc devalued, relatively late and after Britain (1931) and the US (1933)
  • Oct 2 New York Yankees score Baseball World Series record 18 runs in an 18-4 rout of rival NY Giants in Game 2 at the Polo Grounds; Yankees win series 4-2
  • Oct 3 NY Yankees set new attendance record of 64,482 in Game 3 of World Series at Yankee Stadium; 66,669 following day Game 4; win series v NY Giants, 4-2
  • Oct 4 Italian lire devalued
  • Oct 4 Record crowd 66,669 packs Yankee Stadium for Game 4 of Baseball World Series; Yankees beat Giants, 5-2; win series, 4-2
  • Oct 5 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • Oct 6 Baseball World Series: Yankees beat Giants, 13-5 at the Polo Grounds to win all-New York series, 4-2

Sports History

Oct 7 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel

  • Oct 9 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles
  • Oct 11 "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres
  • Oct 13 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium

Sports History

Oct 16 Lou Gehrig, is voted AL MVP by BBWAA

Historic Event

Oct 16 Jean Batten reaches Auckland, New Zealand after flying solo from Kent, England in a record 11 days and 45 minutes

  • Oct 19 HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18½ days
  • Oct 20 Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
  • Oct 20 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • Oct 22 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii

Statue of Liberty

Oct 28 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

Music Premiere

Oct 29 Cole Porters musical "Red Hot And Blue", starring Ethel Merman, Jimmy Durante, and Bob Hope, opens at the Alvin Theatre, NYC; runs for 183 performances

  • Oct 31 The Boy Scouts of the Philippines formed

Historic Event

Nov 1 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"

  • Nov 1 Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (then Cowboys' Turtle Association) is established after disagreement with rodeo promoter W.T. Johnson, who finally gives in to cowboys' pay demands
  • Nov 2 At 3pm the BBC begins the world's first regular high-definition TV broadcast service from specially constructed studios at Alexandra Palace, North London
  • Nov 2 The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) is established
  • Nov 3 President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins a second term in office, defeating Republican candidate Alf Landon in the most lopsided election in American history in terms of electoral vote

Historic Event

Nov 5 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

  • Nov 6 RCA displays TV for press

Theater Premiere

Nov 6 Terence Rattigan's play "French Without Tears" premieres in London

  • Nov 7 Battle of Madrid begins
  • Nov 9 Albanian government of Frasheri falls
  • Nov 9 American fashion designer Ruth Harkness captures a panda cub (Su Lin) in China - becomes 1st live panda cub to enter the US
  • Nov 12 1st ever TV Gardening show "In Your Garden" shown on BBC television

Nobel Prize

Nov 12 Nobel Prize for literature awarded to American playwright Eugene O'Neill

  • Nov 12 Oakland Bay Bridge opens
  • Nov 12 St Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes & William O DeWitt

Sports History

Nov 14 More than 21,000 watch Don Bradman score 192 for South Australia v Victoria in a drawn Sheffield Shield match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground

  • Nov 15 Nazi-Germany & Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact
  • Nov 16 German air force begins bombing of Madrid
  • Nov 17 Edgar Bergen & Charlie McCarthy become overnight success on radio
  • Nov 18 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco
  • Nov 18 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
  • Nov 20 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad

PGA Championship

Nov 22 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Pinehurst CC: Denny Shute wins first of his consecutive PGA titles, defeating Jimmy Thomson, 3 & 2

  • Nov 23 1st issue of Life picture magazine created by Henry R. Luce published

Music Recording

Nov 23 Legendary Delta blues musician Robert Johnson's first recording session with producer Don Law at the Gunter Hotel, San Antonio, Texas

Music History

Nov 24 Noël Coward's anthology "Tonight at 8:30" premieres in NYC, runs for 118 performances

  • Nov 24 German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for uncovering German re-armament
  • Nov 25 Germany & Japan sign anti-Komintern pact
  • Nov 30 London's Crystal Palace (built 1851) destroyed by fire
  • Dec 1 2nd Heisman Trophy Award: Larry Kelley, Yale (E)
  • Dec 1 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
  • Dec 1 EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants
  • Dec 5 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Sarnia Imperials defeat Ottawa Rough Riders, 26-20 for their 2nd Championship
  • Dec 5 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
  • Dec 8 Anastasio Somoza García elected President of Nicaragua
  • Dec 8 NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black & white teachers
  • Dec 9 AL OKs night baseball for St Louis
  • Dec 9 Australia all out for 58 v England, Bradman out for a duck
  • Dec 10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Carlos Saavedra Lamas for mediating end to Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia, 1st Latin American to win

Radio History

Dec 11 Edward VIII announces in a radio broadcast that he is abdicating the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson

Declaration of War

Dec 12 Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan

  • Dec 12 1937 NFL Draft: Sam Francis from University of Nebraska first pick by Philadelphia Eagles

NFL Championship

Dec 13 National Football League Championship, Polo Grounds, NYC: Green Bay Packers beat Boston Redskins, 21-6; Packers 4th title; Redskins move to Washington, D.C. for 1937 season

  • Dec 15 KVL-AM in Seattle Washington changes call letters to KEEN (now KING)
  • Dec 16 John Monks and Fred Finklehoff's play "Brother Rat" premieres in New York City
  • Dec 17 Ventriloquist Edgar Bergen & dummy Charlie McCarthy, appear on TV
  • Dec 18 Queensland cricket all out for 49 v Vic, Fleetwood-Smith 7-17
  • Dec 18 Su-Lin, 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrives in San Francisco
  • Dec 21 Bradman's 2nd consecutive Test Cricket duck! Australia all out for 80
  • Dec 22 1st common carrier license issued by ICC, Scranton, Pa
  • Dec 23 Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • Dec 24 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered in Berkeley, California
  • Dec 25 Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism
  • Dec 25 Ron Hamence scores 104 for SA v Queensland before 4,865
  • Dec 26 Israel's Philarmonic Orchestra forms
  • Dec 30 United Auto Workers stage 1st sit-down strike, at Fisher Body Plant

Film & TV History

Dec 30 Beginning of the "feud" between comedians Fred Allen and Jack Benny on Allen's "Town Hall Tonight" show