On This Day

Historical Events in 1936 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 389 of 389

  • Jul 11 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens
  • Jul 13 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • Jul 13 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin (state record)
  • Jul 14 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
  • Jul 15 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • Jul 16 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY
  • Jul 16 NY Giants are 10½ games back in NL, & go on to win pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Carl Hubbell begins winning streak, beating Pittsburgh 6-0

Baseball Pitcher Carl Hubbell
Baseball Pitcher
Carl Hubbell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Jul 18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 18 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison

  • Jul 19 Indians' Bob Feller makes his major league debut in relief
  • Jul 19 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • Jul 22 Philadelphia Phillies outfielder Johnny Moore hits 3 straight home runs in a 16-4 rout of the Pittsburgh Pirates
  • Jul 24 118°F (48°C), Minden, Nebraska (state record)

  • Jul 24 121°F (49°C), near Alton, Kansas (state record)
  • Jul 24 Generals Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • Jul 25 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx
  • Jul 26 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 28 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: 4 straight titles for GB as Fred Perry beats Australian Jack Crawford 6-2, 6-3, 6-3 for a 3-2 victory
  • Jul 31 IOC awards Tokyo, Japan 1940 Summer Olympic Games (later cancelled, Second Sino-Japanese War)

OlympicsOlympic Games

Aug 1 XI Summer Olympic Games are opened by Adolph Hitler in Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 1 Benjamin Mays named president of Morehouse College
  • Aug 2 Tour de France: Sylvère Maes of Belgium wins his second title from Frenchman Antone Magne
  • Aug 2 A Finnish trifecta in the 10,000m final at the Berlin Olympics; Ilmari Salminen beats teammates Arvo Askola and Volmari Iso-Hollo
  • Aug 2 Americans Cornelius Johnson, Dave Albritton and Delos Thurber sweep the high jump medals at the Berlin Olympics

OlympicsOlympic Gold

Aug 3 American sprinter Jesse Owens wins the 100m (10.3 seconds) in front of Adolf Hitler in a famous race at the Berlin Olympics, first of 4 gold medals at the Games

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 3 Karl Hein (56.49 Olympic record) and Erwin Blask make it a German 1-2 in the hammer throw at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 4 Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece
  • Aug 4 American athlete Jesse Owens wins his 2nd gold medal at the Berlin Olympics; beats German Luz Long in the long jump final with an Olympic record
  • Aug 4 American Helen Stephens runs 11.5 to win the 100m at the Berlin Olympics, beating controversial intersex athlete Stanisława Walasiewicz of Poland
  • Aug 5 American athlete Jesse Owens wins 200m in world record time (20.7), his 3rd gold medal of the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 5 Italian athlete Ondina Valla runs a world record 11.6 in the semi finals of the 80m hurdles at the Berlin Olympics; wins final the next day but can't match the time
  • Aug 5 Ken Carpenter (50.48 Olympic record) and Gordon Dunn make it an American 1-2 in the men’s discus throw at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 6 Jack Lovelock of New Zealand runs a world record (3:47.8) to win the gold medal in the 1,500m at the Berlin Olympics

  • Aug 6 Japanese athletes quinella the triple jump at the Berlin Olympics; Naoto Tajima wins gold and Masao Harada silver
  • Aug 6 American athlete Forrest Towns runs world record 14.1 in 110m hurdles semi finals at the Berlin Olympics; later can't match the time but wins the gold medal in the final
  • Aug 7 A Finnish quinella in the 5,000m final at the Berlin Olympics; Gunnar Höckert runs an Olympic record to beat teammate Lauri Lehtinen
  • Aug 7 Twenty-two nations line-up as the first basketball competition in the Olympics Games starts in Berlin; Estonia beats France 34-29 in the first game
  • Aug 7 Argentina wins the polo gold medal beating Great Britain 11-0 in the final at the Berlin Olympics; final time the sport is contested at the Olympics
  • Aug 8 A Finnish quinella in the 3,000m steeplechase at the Berlin Olympics; Volmari Iso-Hollo beats teammate Kaarlo Tuominen in world record time (9:03.8)
  • Aug 8 American Glenn Morris' decathlon total of 7,254 points is a world record; teammates Bob Clark & Jack Parker complete US sweep in the gruelling event at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 9 Jesse Owens is part of the American 4 x 100m relay team that wins gold in world record (39.8) at the Berlin Olympics; his 4th gold medal of the Games
  • Aug 9 Korean nationals representing Japan earn medals in the marathon at the Berlin Olympics; Sohn Kee-chung won gold and Nam Sung-yong bronze
  • Aug 9 Helen Stephens claims the women's sprint double at the Berlin Olympics having won the 100m and as part of the victorious American 4 x 100m relay team
  • Aug 9 Hungarian swimmer Ferenc Csik wins 100m freestyle gold medal in 57.6 at the Berlin Olympics, beating Japanese pair Masanori Yusa & Shigeo Arai
  • Aug 10 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)
  • Aug 10 120°F (49°C) at Ozark, Arkansas (state record)
  • Aug 10 4th Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 10 First time the Olympic cycling road race is conducted as a mass start event with Frenchmen Robert Charpentier and Guy Lapébie taking gold and silver, and France winning the teams gold medal
  • Aug 11 Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
  • Aug 12 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
  • Aug 12 After 24 year absence a baseball demonstration game is played between 2 American teams at Berlin Olympics, World Champions beat US Olympics, 6-5
  • Aug 12 American diver Marjorie Gestring wins 3m springboard gold at the Berlin Olympics, youngest Olympic gold medalist (13 years 268 days)
  • Aug 12 The gymnastics competition at the Berlin Olympics concludes with Germany dominating, winning 6 of 9 gold medals including the men’s & women’s teams events
  • Aug 13 Nida Senff and Rie Mastenbroek make it a Dutch 1-2 in the women’s 100m backstroke final at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 13 Rie Mastenbroek of the Netherlands swims an Olympic record 1:05.9 to win the women’s 100m freestyle at the Berlin Olympics, beating Jeannette Campbell of Argentina by 0:05
  • Aug 13 Americans Dorothy Poynton-Hil and Velma Dunn take the gold and silver medals in the 10m platform diving at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 14 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • Aug 14 United States beats Canada, 19-8 in poor conditions outdoors to win the gold medal in the inaugural men's basketball competition at the Olympic Games in Berlin
  • Aug 14 American swimmers Adolph Kiefer and Al Vande Veghe quinella the 100m backstroke at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 14 The Berlin Olympics rowing competition concludes with Germany winning 5 of 7 gold medals, although the United States wins the coveted eights gold
  • Aug 15 Marshall Wayne and Elbert Root make it an American 1-2 in the 10m platform diving at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 15 Americans make a clean sweep of the 3m diving medals via Marjorie Gestring, Katherine Rawls and Dorothy Poynton-Hill at the Berlin Olympics
  • Aug 15 The Berlin Olympic fencing competition concludes with Italy winning 4 of the 7 gold medals and Hungary taking the other 3
  • Aug 15 Annibale Frossi scores twice as Italy beats Austria 2-1 in extra time in the soccer final at the Berlin Olympics

A Kiss For Adolf HitlerA Kiss For Adolf Hitler

Aug 15 Carla de Vries, an American tourist at the swimming event of the Berlin Olympics finds Adolf Hitler “so friendly and gracious” she shakes his hand and gives him a kiss

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A kiss for a surprised Fuehrer. Photo: rarehistoricalphotos.com
A kiss for a surprised Fuehrer. Photo: rarehistoricalphotos.com
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  • Aug 16 XI Summer Olympic Games close in Berlin
  • Aug 16 The Berlin Olympic equestrian competition concludes with Germany winning all 6 gold medals in an unprecedented team achievement
  • Aug 17 An unemployed worker, Neils B. Ruud, in Madison, Wisconsin, receives the first unemployment benefit check paid under a State law, for $15
  • Aug 18 106.5°F - Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
  • Aug 19 Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
  • Aug 23 17 year old Bob Feller's 1st game, he strikes out 15 St Louis Browns
  • Aug 24 Australian Antarctic Territory created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 24 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Aug 25 3 Braves hit twice in an inning getting 2 hits each
  • Aug 25 Odourless cornstarch is patented in the US by Ralph W. Kerr
  • Sep 1 Belgian boxer Gustave Roth beats Heinz Lazek of Austria in a 15 round points decision to win the EBU and vacant IBU world light heavyweight title in Vienna
  • Sep 2 1st transatlantic "ping-pong'' round-trip air flight from NY to England an back begins, piloted by Dick Merrill with Harry Richman
  • Sep 2 NFL Chicago College All-Star Game: All-Stars 7, Detroit Lions 7; 76,000 at Soldier Field
  • Sep 3 For the first and only time in the history of the Walker Cup golf event, there is a shutout; the United States routs Great Britain, 9-0 at Pine Valley GC in New Jersey
  • Sep 4 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain
  • Sep 4 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier

Film release premierFilm Release

Sep 4 "Swing Time", directed by George Stevens, starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, is released

Actor and Dancer Fred Astaire
Actor and Dancer
Fred Astaire
Actress and Dancer Ginger Rogers
Actress and Dancer
Ginger Rogers
  • Sep 5 Red Sox turn a triple-play on Yankees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Sep 7 The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
  • Sep 8 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged
  • Sep 9 Yankees sweep Indians, NY clinches pennant on earliest date in history
  • Sep 11 A's pitcher Horace Lisenbee gives up 26 hits in a game

  • Sep 12 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry wins his 8th and final Grand Slam event before turning pro; beats American Don Budge 2-6, 6-2, 8-6, 1-6, 10-8

Sport awardUS Open Women's Tennis

Sep 12 50th US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: #3 seed Alice Marble beats top seeded fellow American Helen Jacobs 4-6, 6-3, 6-2

Tennis Champion Alice Marble
Tennis Champion
Alice Marble
  • Sep 13 Cleve Bob Feller strikes out then record 17 in a game (vs Philadelphia A's)

MurderMurder of Interest

Sep 13 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner

  • Sep 14 Pittsburgh Pirates' future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Paul Waner ties Rogers Hornsby's NL record of 200 MLB hits for 7th time
  • Sep 14 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.
  • Sep 21 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander
  • Sep 23 Giants Carl Hubbell notches his 16th en route to 24 consecutive wins
  • Sep 25 Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
  • Sep 27 First baseman Walter Alston plays in his only major league game for the St. Louis Cardinals; manages Brooklyn/LA Dodgers for 23 years
  • Sep 27 Franco troops conquer Toledo
  • Sep 27 Netherlands leave Gold Standard/devaluate guilder
  • Sep 27 Boston Redskins and Brooklyn Dodgers play one of only 4 penalty free games in NFL history; Boston wins 14-3 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn
  • Sep 28 Bachelor's Children debuts on CBS radio (at 9:45 am)
  • Sep 29 Radio used for 1st time for a presidential campaign
  • Sep 30 International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends
  • Sep 30 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
  • Oct 1 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
  • Oct 2 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
  • Oct 2 Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject Nazism
  • Oct 2 French franc devalued, relatively late and after Britain (1931) and the US (1933)
  • Oct 2 New York Yankees score Baseball World Series record 18 runs in an 18-4 rout of rival NY Giants in Game 2 at the Polo Grounds; Yankees win series 4-2
  • Oct 3 NY Yankees set new attendance record of 64,482 in Game 3 of World Series at Yankee Stadium; 66,669 following day Game 4; win series v NY Giants, 4-2
  • Oct 4 Italian lire devalued
  • Oct 4 Record crowd 66,669 packs Yankee Stadium for Game 4 of Baseball World Series; Yankees beat Giants, 5-2; win series, 4-2
  • Oct 5 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • Oct 6 NY Yankees beat Giants 4 games to 2 in 33rd World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel

Baseball Hall of Fame Manager Casey Stengel
Baseball Hall of Fame Manager
Casey Stengel
  • Oct 9 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles
  • Oct 11 "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres

  • Oct 13 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Lou Gehrig, is voted AL MVP by BBWAA

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Jean Batten reaches Auckland, New Zealand after flying solo from Kent, England in a record 11 days and 45 minutes

Aviator Jean Batten
Aviator
Jean Batten
  • Oct 19 HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18½ days
  • Oct 20 Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
  • Oct 20 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • Oct 22 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii

USAStatue of Liberty

Oct 28 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
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  • Oct 31 The Boy Scouts of the Philippines formed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Nov 1 Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (then Cowboys' Turtle Association) is established after disagreement with rodeo promoter W.T. Johnson, who finally gives in to cowboys' pay demands
  • Nov 2 At 3pm the BBC begins the world's first regular high-definition TV broadcast service from specially constructed studios at Alexandra Palace, North London
  • Nov 2 The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) is established
  • Nov 3 President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins a second term in office, defeating Republican candidate Alf Landon in the most lopsided election in American history in terms of electoral vote

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • Nov 6 RCA displays TV for press
  • Nov 6 Terence Rattigan's play "French Without Tears" premieres in London
  • Nov 7 Battle of Madrid begins
  • Nov 9 Albanian government of Frasheri falls
  • Nov 9 American fashion designer Ruth Harkness captures a panda cub (Su Lin) in China - becomes 1st live panda cub to enter the US
  • Nov 12 1st ever TV Gardening show "In Your Garden" shown on BBC television

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Nov 12 Nobel for literature awarded to Eugene O'Neill

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Nov 12 Oakland Bay Bridge opens
  • Nov 12 St Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes & William O DeWitt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 More than 21,000 watch Don Bradman score 192 for South Australia v Victoria in a drawn Sheffield Shield match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Nov 15 Nazi-Germany & Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact
  • Nov 16 German air force begins bombing of Madrid
  • Nov 17 Edgar Bergen & Charlie McCarthy become overnight success on radio
  • Nov 18 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco
  • Nov 18 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined

  • Nov 20 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad

Sport awardPGA Championship

Nov 22 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Pinehurst CC: Denny Shute wins first of his consecutive PGA titles, defeating Jimmy Thomson, 3 & 2

Golfer Denny Shute
Golfer
Denny Shute
  • Nov 23 1st issue of Life picture magazine created by Henry R Luce published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 24 Noël Coward's "Tonight at 8:30" premieres in NYC

Playwright, Director and Singer Noël Coward
Playwright, Director and Singer
Noël Coward
  • Nov 24 German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for uncovering German re-armament
  • Nov 25 Germany & Japan sign anti-Komintern pact
  • Nov 30 London's Crystal Palace (built 1851) destroyed by fire
  • Dec 1 2nd Heisman Trophy Award: Larry Kelley, Yale (E)
  • Dec 1 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
  • Dec 1 EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants
  • Dec 5 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Sarnia Imperials defeat Ottawa Rough Riders, 26-20 for their 2nd Championship
  • Dec 5 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
  • Dec 8 Anastasio Somoza García elected President of Nicaragua
  • Dec 8 NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black & white teachers
  • Dec 9 AL OKs night baseball for St Louis
  • Dec 9 Australia all out for 58 v England, Bradman out for a duck
  • Dec 10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 Britain replaces King Edward VIII stamp series with King George VI

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII

King Abdicates for Love of Wallis SimpsonKing Abdicates for Love of Wallis Simpson

Dec 10 Edward VIII signs Instrument of Abdication, giving up the British throne to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson

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Caught off-guard: the Windsors hear a sad dog tale. Photographer: Richard Avedon. National Portrait Gallery, London
Caught off-guard: the Windsors hear a sad dog tale. Photographer: Richard Avedon. National Portrait Gallery, London
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Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Carlos Saavedra Lamas for mediating end to Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia, 1st Latin American to win

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 11 Edward VIII announces in a radio broadcast that he is abdicating the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII

BattleDeclaration of War

Dec 12 Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Dec 12 1937 NFL Draft: Sam Francis from University of Nebraska first pick by Philadelphia Eagles

Sport awardNFL Championship

Dec 13 National Football League Championship, Polo Grounds, NYC: Green Bay Packers beat Boston Redskins, 21-6; Packers 4th title; Redskins move to Washington, D.C. for 1937 season

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau
  • Dec 15 KVL-AM in Seattle Washington changes call letters to KEEN (now KING)
  • Dec 16 John Monks and Fred Finklehoff's play "Brother Rat" premieres in New York City
  • Dec 17 Ventriloquist Edgar Bergen & dummy Charlie McCarthy, appear on TV
  • Dec 18 Queensland cricket all out for 49 v Vic, Fleetwood-Smith 7-17
  • Dec 18 Su-Lin, 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrives in San Francisco
  • Dec 21 Bradman's 2nd consecutive Test Cricket duck! Australia all out for 80
  • Dec 22 1st common carrier license issued by ICC, Scranton, Pa
  • Dec 23 Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • Dec 24 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered in Berkeley, California
  • Dec 25 Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism
  • Dec 25 Ron Hamence scores 104 for SA v Queensland before 4,865
  • Dec 26 Israel's Philarmonic Orchestra forms
  • Dec 30 United Auto Workers stage 1st sit-down strike, at Fisher Body Plant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 30 Beginning of the "feud" between comedians Fred Allen and Jack Benny on Allen's "Town Hall Tonight" show

Comedian Jack Benny
Comedian
Jack Benny