On This Day

Historical Events in December 1937

Historic Event

Dec 1 Japan recognizes Spain's Franco government

  • Dec 7 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work

Contract of Interest

Dec 7 Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams

  • Dec 7 Russian chess player Alexander Alekhine recaptures his final world title from Dutch grand master Max Euwe by a large margin (+10−4=11)
  • Dec 11 25th CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts claim their 4th Championship; beat Winnipeg Blue Bombers, 4-3
  • Dec 11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • Dec 12 NBC & RCA sends 1st mobile-TV vans onto the streets of NY
  • Dec 12 National Football League Championship, Wrigley Field, Chicago: Washington Redskins beat Chicago Bears, 28-21
  • Dec 12 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • Dec 12 1938 NFL Draft: Corbett Davis from University of Indiana first pick by Cleveland Rams
  • Dec 13 Japanese troops conquer and plunder Nanjing (Nanjing Massacre)
  • Dec 16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
  • Dec 20 Australian cricket spin bowler Bill O'Reilly takes career best 9-41 for NSW in a Sheffield Shield match against South Australia at Adelaide Oval
  • Dec 21 O'Reilly completes 14-98 for cricket match, NSW v South Aust

Film Premiere

Dec 21 The first full-length animated feature film and the earliest in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre

  • Dec 21 Chicago Black Hawks left wing Paul Thompson becomes first player in NHL history to score a goal against his brother; scores on bro Cecil of the Boston Bruins with just 9 seconds left in regulation; Bruins win though, 2-1
  • Dec 22 Lincoln Tunnel, under the Hudson River, opens to traffic, connecting Weehawken, New Jersey to Midtown Manhattan, New York City
  • Dec 23 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber
  • Dec 24 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
  • Dec 25 Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st "Symphony of the Air" concert over NBC Radio
  • Dec 25 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • Dec 27 German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Arg), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany

Radio History

Dec 27 Mae West performs Adam & Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio

  • Dec 28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • Dec 29 Constitution of Ireland (Irish: Bunreacht na hÉireann) is enacted and Irish free state is named Eire

Pro Wrestling

Dec 29 Lou Thesz beats Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win NWA World heavyweight title - youngest ever

  • Dec 29 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand