On This Day

Historical Events in 1937 (Part 2)

  • Sep 8 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
  • Sep 10 2nd American Football League plays 1st game (LA 21, Pittsburgh 0)
  • Sep 10 Cleveland (Los Angeles) Rams plays their 1st NFL game, lose 28-0
  • Sep 11 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Don Budge wins first of 2 straight US titles; beats Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-1, 7-9, 6-1, 3-6, 6-1
  • Sep 11 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Anita Lizana of Chile becomes first Latin American to win a major; beats Jadwiga Jędrzejowska of Poland 6-4, 6-2

Historic Event

Sep 14 President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans US ships from trading arms with China or Japan

  • Sep 15 Works Progress Administration (WPA) extends L-Taraval streetcar line to San Francisco Zoo, at Sloat Blvd (San Francisco, California)

Sports History

Sep 16 Redskins NFL franchise play first game in Washington at Griffith Stadium; defeat the New York Giants in season opener, 13–3

  • Sep 17 1st NFL game in Washington, D.C.; Redskins beat NY Giants 13-3
  • Sep 18 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar

Historic Publication

Sep 21 J. R. R. Tolkien's 'The Hobbit' is published by George Allen and Unwin in London

  • Sep 22 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody, Wyoming
  • Sep 22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 22 Date celebrated as the first International Hobbit Day and the birthdays of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins
  • Sep 23 Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit
  • Sep 25 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
  • Sep 25 Battle of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
  • Sep 27 1st Santa Claus Training School opens (Albion NY)
  • Sep 27 Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
  • Sep 28 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
  • Sep 29 Frans Slaats cycles a world hour record time (45,563 km)
  • Sep 30 Ryder Cup Golf, Southport & Ainsdale GC: US wins 8-4; first time the host team loses the competition
  • Oct 1 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • Oct 2 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
  • Oct 5 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • Oct 7 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Oct 10 Baseball World Series: in second consecutive all-New York WS, Yankees again beat Giants, 4-2 at the Polo Grounds for a 4-1 series victory
  • Oct 13 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, NYC

Historic Publication

Oct 15 Ernest Hemingway's novel "To Have & Have Not" published

  • Oct 15 Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yanks release Tony Lazzeri
  • Oct 25 Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money

Sports History

Oct 25 Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees

  • Oct 31 Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona

Execution

Nov 1 Stalinists execute by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).

  • Nov 3 Frenchman Maurice Archambaud cycles world record for distance in one hour, 45.796 km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy
  • Nov 3 Howie Morenz Memorial Game, Montreal Forum: NHL All-Stars beat Montreal All Stars, 6-5

Historic Event

Nov 5 Adolf Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war

  • Nov 8 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
  • Nov 9 Japanese army conquers Shanghai
  • Nov 9 St Louis Cards Triple Crown winner Joe Medwick is named NL MVP

Historic Event

Nov 10 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"

  • Nov 11 German aircraft Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies a new world air speed record for landplanes with piston engines of 610.95 km/h (379.62 mph)
  • Nov 11 Nobel prize for physics awarded to American Clinton Joseph Davisson and Briton George Paget Thomson "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
  • Nov 13 NBC forms first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio
  • Nov 15 First US congressional session in air-conditioned chambers
  • Nov 17 Britain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement

Music Premiere

Nov 21 Dmitri Shostakovich's 5th Symphony premieres in Lenningrad, with the ovation lasting over an hour

  • Nov 23 Clifford Odets' play "Golden Boy" premieres on Broadway in NYC
  • Nov 23 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier

Theater Premiere

Nov 23 John Steinbeck's play "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 25 World's Fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
  • Nov 27 Pro-labor musical revue "Pins & Needles" opens, produced by ILGWU
  • Nov 29 Dutch Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands
  • Nov 30 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)
  • Dec 1 Japan recognizes Spain's Franco government
  • Dec 7 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work

Contract of Interest

Dec 7 Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams

  • Dec 7 Russian chess player Alexander Alekhine recaptures his final world title from Dutch grand master Max Euwe by a large margin (+10−4=11)
  • Dec 11 25th CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts claim their 4th Championship; beat Winnipeg Blue Bombers, 4-3
  • Dec 11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • Dec 12 NBC & RCA sends 1st mobile-TV vans onto the streets of NY
  • Dec 12 National Football League Championship, Wrigley Field, Chicago: Washington Redskins beat Chicago Bears, 28-21
  • Dec 12 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • Dec 12 1938 NFL Draft: Corbett Davis from University of Indiana first pick by Cleveland Rams
  • Dec 13 Japanese troops conquer and plunder Nanjing (Nanjing Massacre)
  • Dec 16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
  • Dec 20 Australian cricket spin bowler Bill O'Reilly takes career best 9-41 for NSW in a Sheffield Shield match against South Australia at Adelaide Oval
  • Dec 21 O'Reilly completes 14-98 for cricket match, NSW v South Australia

Film Premiere

Dec 21 "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", the first full-length animated feature film and the earliest in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre, Los Angeles

  • Dec 21 Chicago Black Hawks left wing Paul Thompson becomes first player in NHL history to score a goal against his brother; scores on goaltender Cecil Thompson of the Boston Bruins with just 9 seconds left in regulation; Bruins win though, 2-1
  • Dec 22 Lincoln Tunnel, under the Hudson River, opens to traffic, connecting Weehawken, New Jersey to Midtown Manhattan, New York City
  • Dec 23 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber
  • Dec 24 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
  • Dec 25 Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st "Symphony of the Air" concert over NBC Radio
  • Dec 25 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • Dec 27 German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Arg), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany

Radio History

Dec 27 Mae West performs Adam & Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio

  • Dec 28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • Dec 29 Constitution of Ireland (Irish: Bunreacht na hÉireann) is enacted and Irish free state is named Eire

Pro Wrestling

Dec 29 Lou Thesz beats Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win NWA World heavyweight title - youngest ever

  • Dec 29 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand