On This Day

Historical Events in 1937 (Part 2)

  • Sep 10 Cleveland (Los Angeles) Rams plays their 1st NFL game, lose 28-0
  • Sep 11 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Don Budge wins first of 2 straight US titles; beats Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-1, 7-9, 6-1, 3-6, 6-1
  • Sep 11 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Anita Lizana of Chile becomes first Latin American to win a major; beats Jadwiga Jędrzejowska of Poland 6-4, 6-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans US ships from trading arms with China or Japan

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Sep 15 Works Progress Administration (WPA) extends L-Taraval streetcar line to San Francisco Zoo, at Sloat Blvd (San Francisco, California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 16 Redskins NFL franchise play first game in Washington at Griffith Stadium; defeat the New York Giants in season opener, 13–3

American Football Player Mel Hein
American Football Player
Mel Hein
  • Sep 17 1st NFL game in Washington, D.C.; Redskins beat NY Giants 13-3
  • Sep 18 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Sep 21 J. R. R. Tolkien's 'The Hobbit' is published by George Allen and Unwin in London

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • Sep 22 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody, Wyoming
  • Sep 22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 22 Date celebrated as the first International Hobbit Day and the birthdays of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins
  • Sep 23 Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit
  • Sep 25 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
  • Sep 25 Battle of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
  • Sep 27 1st Santa Claus Training School opens (Albion NY)

  • Sep 27 Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
  • Sep 28 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
  • Sep 29 Frans Slaats bicycles world record time (45,563 km)
  • Sep 30 Ryder Cup Golf, Southport & Ainsdale GC: US wins 8-4; first time the host team loses the competition
  • Oct 1 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • Oct 2 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
  • Oct 5 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • Oct 7 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Oct 10 NY Yankees beat Giants 4 games to 1 in 34th World Series
  • Oct 13 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, NYC

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 15 Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have & Have Not" published

  • Oct 15 Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yanks release Tony Lazzeri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Francisco Franco's troops occupy Gijon

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Oct 25 Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees

Baseball Hall of Fame Manager Casey Stengel
Baseball Hall of Fame Manager
Casey Stengel
  • Oct 31 Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona

BattleExecution

Nov 1 Stalinists execute by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Nov 3 Frenchman Maurice Archambaud cycles world record for distance in one hour, 45.796 km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy
  • Nov 3 Howie Morenz Memorial Game, Montreal Forum: NHL All-Stars beat Montreal All Stars, 6-5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Adolf Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

  • Nov 8 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
  • Nov 9 Japanese army conquers Shanghai
  • Nov 9 St Louis Cards Triple Crown winner Joe Medwick is named NL MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Nov 11 German aircraft Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies a new world air speed record for landplanes with piston engines of 610.95 km/h (379.62 mph)
  • Nov 11 Nobel prize for physics awarded to American Clinton Joseph Davisson and Briton George Paget Thomson "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
  • Nov 13 NBC forms first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio
  • Nov 15 First US congressional session in air-conditioned chambers
  • Nov 17 Britain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Nov 21 Dmitri Shostakovich's 5th Symphony premieres in Lenningrad, with the ovation lasting over an hour

  • Nov 23 Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 23 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 25 World's Fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
  • Nov 27 Pro-labor musical revue "Pins & Needles" opens, produced by ILGWU
  • Nov 29 Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands
  • Nov 30 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)
  • Dec 1 Japan recognizes Franco government
  • Dec 7 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work

AgreementContract of Interest

Dec 7 Red Sox acquire the contract of 19-year-old Ted Williams

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Dec 7 Russian chess player Alexander Alekhine recaptures his final world title from Dutch grand master Max Euwe by a large margin (+10−4=11)
  • Dec 11 25th CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts claim their 4th Championship; beat Winnipeg Blue Bombers, 4-3
  • Dec 11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • Dec 12 NBC & RCA sends 1st mobile-TV vans onto the streets of NY
  • Dec 12 National Football League Championship, Wrigley Field, Chicago: Washington Redskins beat Chicago Bears, 28-21
  • Dec 12 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • Dec 12 1938 NFL Draft: Corbett Davis from University of Indiana first pick by Cleveland Rams
  • Dec 13 Japanese troops conquer and plunder Nanjing (Nanjing Massacre)
  • Dec 16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
  • Dec 20 Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia
  • Dec 21 O'Reilly completes 14-98 for cricket match, NSW v South Aust

Film release premierFilm Premier

Dec 21 The first full-length animated feature film and the earliest in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Dec 21 Chicago Black Hawks left wing Paul Thompson becomes first player in NHL history to score a goal against his brother; scores on bro Cecil of the Boston Bruins with just 9 seconds left in regulation; Bruins win though, 2-1
  • Dec 22 Lincoln Tunnel, under the Hudson River, opens to traffic, connecting Weehawken, New Jersey to Midtown Manhattan, New York City
  • Dec 23 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber
  • Dec 24 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
  • Dec 25 Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio
  • Dec 25 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • Dec 27 German immigration officials with no explanation bar Juan Carlos Zabala (Arg), 1932 Olympic marathon champion, from entering Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 27 Mae West performs Adam & Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio

Actress Mae West
Actress
Mae West
  • Dec 28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • Dec 29 Constitution of Ireland (Irish: Bunreacht na hÉireann) is enacted and Irish free state is named Eire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 29 Lou Thesz beats Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win National Wrestling Ass.World heavyweight title - youngest ever

Professional Wrestler Lou Thesz
Professional Wrestler
Lou Thesz
  • Dec 29 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand