Historical Events in October 1938

Historic Event

Oct 1 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement

Baseball Record

Oct 2 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Feller strikes out record 18 Detroit Tigers; his Cleveland Indians still lose 4-1 at Cleveland Stadium

  • Oct 2 New York Yankees pitcher Lefty Gomez beats Chicago Cubs, 6-3 in Game 2 at Wrigley Field; sets record of 6 World Series wins without a loss
  • Oct 4 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees win third straight championship; beat Chicago Cubs, 8-3 at Yankee Stadium for 4-0 sweep
  • Oct 7 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J

Theater Premiere

Oct 8 George S. Kaufman & Moss Hart's play "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 9 Cleveland Rams and Chicago Bears play one of only 4 penalty free games in NFL history; Rams win 14-7 at Cleveland Stadium
  • Oct 10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland

Music History

Oct 10 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st String Quartet

  • Oct 14 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • Oct 15 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC

Music History

Oct 16 Aaron Copland's & Eugene Loring's ballet "Billy the Kid" premieres in Chicago

  • Oct 21 Japanese troops occupies Canton
  • Oct 22 Chester Carlson has 1st successful experiment in electrophotography, later sold to the Haloid Company and dubbed "Xerox copying"
  • Oct 22 President of Czechoslovakia Edvard Beneš goes into exile in London, in the aftermath of the Munich agreement and German annexation of Sudetenland
  • Oct 24 US forbids child labor in factories
  • Oct 25 American Archbishop of Dubuque (Iowa), Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces Swing music as "a degenerated musical system... turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people", warning that it leads down a "primrose path to hell".
  • Oct 25 Japanese troops occupies Hankou & Wuhan
  • Oct 27 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • Oct 28 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)

Panic Over War of the Worlds

Oct 30 A radio broadcast of H. G. Wells "The War of the Worlds", narrated by Orson Welles, allegedly causes a mass panic

  • Oct 31 Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.