On This Day

Historical Events in April 1939

Historic Event

Apr 1 US recognizes Francisco Franco's government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain

US Masters Golf

Apr 2 6th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Ralph Guldahl wins his only Masters title with a tournament record 279 (−9), 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Sam Snead

  • Apr 4 Faisal II ascends to throne of Iraq
  • Apr 5 Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
  • Apr 5 Alexander Gretchaninov's 5th Symphony premieres at the Academy of Music in Philadelphia with Leopold Stowkowski conducting the Philadelphia Orchestra
  • Apr 6 Great Britain & Poland sign military pact
  • Apr 6 US & UK agree on joint control of Canton & Enderbury Is (Pacific)
  • Apr 7 Italy invades Albania
  • Apr 8 King Zog I of Albania flees after Italy invades

Music History

Apr 9 Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

  • Apr 10 Colijn's Dutch government opens camp Westerbork for German Jews
  • Apr 10 Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania
  • Apr 11 Hungary leaves League of Nations
  • Apr 13 W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 13 The Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.

Historic Publication

Apr 14 John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published

  • Apr 15 Albert Lebrun elected president of France

Agreement of Interest

Apr 16 The Soviet Union proposes an alliance with Britain and France to counter Nazi Germany; the Soviets would later sign a secret agreement with the Nazis

  • Apr 16 Stanley Cup Final, Boston Garden, Boston, MA: Boston Bruins beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3-1 for a 4-1 series win; first best-of-7 SC Final series

Boxing Title Fight

Apr 17 In his 6th title defence, world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 at Wrigley Field, Los Angeles, California

  • Apr 17 SN Behrman's "No Time for Comedy" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 17 43rd Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown in 2:28:51.8; his second victory in the event

Historic Event

Apr 18 Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey

  • Apr 18 Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government
  • Apr 19 Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)

Sports History

Apr 20 Ted Williams' first MLB hit comes off of NY Yankees fellow future HOF'er Red Ruffing in Boston's 2-0 opening day defeat at Yankee Stadium, NYC

Treaty of Interest

Apr 28 Adolf Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

  • Apr 29 Whitestone Bridge connecting the New York boroughs of Bronx and Queens opens
  • Apr 30 New York World's Fair opens

Television Debut

Apr 30 NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with FDR at opening of NY World's Fair

  • Apr 30 Tropicana ballet of Havana, Cuba, forms

Baseball Record

Apr 30 Lou Gehrig sets a MLB record playing his 2,130th consecutive and final game for the New York Yankees.