On This Day

Historical Events in November 1939

  • Nov 1 First animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed
  • Nov 1 First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry

Catholic Encyclical

Nov 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae

  • Nov 3 Clare Booth's "Margin for Error" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 4 First air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 4 US allows "cash & carry" arms sales during WW II
  • Nov 6 WGY-TV (Schenectady, NY), 1st commercial TV station, begins service
  • Nov 6 WRGB TV channel 6 in Schenectady-Alby-Troy, NY (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Nov 6 World War II: 'Sonderaktion Krakau' - a Nazi operation against academics, with 184 professors arrested in Krakow and deported

Assassination Attempt

Nov 8 Failed assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich

  • Nov 8 H Lindsay & R Crouse's play "Life with Father" premieres in NYC

Film Premiere

Nov 9 Romantic comedy film "Ninotchka" directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring Greta Garbo premieres

  • Nov 9 Nobel Prize for physics awarded to American Ernest Lawrence for his invention of the cyclotron
  • Nov 9 Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 British agents

Music History

Nov 11 Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America"

  • Nov 12 Jews in Lodz, Poland, ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • Nov 14 Oil refinery fire kills 500 & destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela
  • Nov 15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia

Historic Event

Nov 15 FDR lays cornerstone of Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.

  • Nov 15 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews
  • Nov 15 The first unemployment compensation law, under the Social Security Act, that of the District of Columbia, was approved for grants by the Social Security Board

Historic Event

Nov 16 Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail

  • Nov 16 German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland
  • Nov 17 German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship

Music History

Nov 17 Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II's "Very Warm for May" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 17 The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection created
  • Nov 18 Dutch KNSM passenger ship Simón Bolívar hits German mine, 86 die
  • Nov 18 The Irish Republican Army explodes three bombs in Piccadilly Circus
  • Nov 19 Don Lash wins 6th straight AAU cross-country 10K championship
  • Nov 19 Comic superheroes Flash (as Jay Garrick) and Hawkman (Carter Hall) first appear in "Flash Comics No. 1" published by DC

Historic Siege

Nov 22 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant

Historic Event

Nov 23 Nazi Governor of Poland Hans Frank requires Jewish Poles above the age of 11 years to wear a blue Star of David

  • Nov 26 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border

Theater Premiere

Nov 27 Maxwell Anderson's play "Key Largo" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 28 Hans Frank, Nazi Governor-General of Poland, organizes Judenrat
  • Nov 28 Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty
  • Nov 29 Cor Klint swims world record 200 m backstroke (2:38.8)
  • Nov 29 USSR drops diplomatic relations with Finland
  • Nov 30 Paul Osborn's "Mornings at 7" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 30 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki

Appointment of Interest

Nov 30 Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim appointed Commander-in-Chief of all Finnish armed services as Soviet forces invade