On This Day

Historical Events in September 1940

PGA Championship

Sep 2 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Hershey CC: Byron Nelson wins his first PGA C'ship, beating Sam Snead 1 up in the Monday 36-hole final

  • Sep 2 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
  • Sep 3 39.4 cm rainfall at Sapulpa, Oklahoma (state record)

Historic Event

Sep 3 Adolf Hitler orders an invasion of Great Britain for Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)

  • Sep 3 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • Sep 3 Sicherheits police bans Free masons, Rotary & Red Cross
  • Sep 3 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
  • Sep 4 CBS begins broadcasting TV as station W2XAB
  • Sep 4 Gerbrandy becomes premier of Dutch government in exile
  • Sep 4 Nazi collaborator Mussert puts the fate of Netherlands in Hitler's hands
  • Sep 6 Crown prince Michael succeeds Carol II as king of Romania
  • Sep 6 Generalissimo Gamelin arrested in France

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

Sep 7 Beginning of the Blitz as the German Luftwaffe bomb London for the 1st of 57 consecutive nights losing 41 bombers as the Nazis prepare to invade Britain

  • Sep 7 Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
  • Sep 9 28 German aircraft shot down above England

US Men's Tennis Open

Sep 9 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Donald McNeill beats fellow American Bobby Riggs 4-6, 6-8, 6-3, 6-3, 7-5 for his second major singles title

US Open Women's Tennis

Sep 9 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Alice Marble beats Helen Jacobs 6-2, 6-3 for her third US singles title

  • Sep 10 Buckingham Palace hit by German bomb
  • Sep 11 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • Sep 11 54th US Postmaster General: Frank C Walker of Pa takes office
  • Sep 11 Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS
  • Sep 11 Hitler begins operation Seelöwe (Sealion - aborted invasion England)
  • Sep 11 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
  • Sep 12 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
  • Sep 12 Italian troops enter Egypt

Dog Unearths Cave of Antiquity

Sep 12 Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the Lascaux Cave Paintings

  • Sep 13 Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • Sep 13 Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attack Egypt
  • Sep 14 US Congress passes 1st peace-time conscription bill (draft law)
  • Sep 14 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die
  • Sep 15 3rd American Football League plays 1st game (Milw 14, Columbus 2)
  • Sep 15 Chicago Tribune sponsors Ted Lyons Day (White Sox pitcher)

Victory in Battle

Sep 15 UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits Royal Air Force 11th Fighter Group on what would be the fiercest day of the Battle of Britain

  • Sep 15 Battle of Britain Day: climax of the Battle of Britain, tide begins to turn as the Royal Air Force repulses a major Luftwaffe attack, losing 29 aircraft to the Germans' 57-61

Historic Event

Sep 16 FDR signs Selective Training & Service Act (1st peacetime draft)

Sports History

Sep 16 Leo Durocher suspended from Ebbetts Field for "inciting a riot"

  • Sep 16 Luftwaffe attacks central London
  • Sep 16 Samuel T Rayburn of Texas elected speaker of US House of Representatives
  • Sep 16 St Louis Browns Johnny Lucadello is 2nd to HR from each side of plate
  • Sep 17 Nazis deprive Jews of possessions
  • Sep 17 Adolf Hitler indefinitely postpones Operation Sealion, the planned German invasion of Great Britain
  • Sep 18 19 German aircraft shot down above England
  • Sep 18 Elmer Harris' "Johnny Belinda" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 18 Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani
  • Sep 19 Nazi decree forbids gentile woman to work in Jewish homes

Historic Event

Sep 19 Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance

  • Sep 23 -27] French/British assault on French fleet in Dakar, flees
  • Sep 23 Dutch Nazi collaborator Mussert's 1st meeting with Adolf Hitler

Historic Event

Sep 23 Dutch artist Piet Mondrian leaves Europe for New York, where he lives for the rest of his life

  • Sep 24 Jimmy Foxx hits his 500th career HR
  • Sep 24 Luftwaffe bombs Spitfire factory in Southampton

Historic Event

Sep 25 German High Commissioner in Norway sets up Vidkun Quisling government

  • Sep 26 Luftwaffe bombs Spitfire factory in Woolston, Southampton for second time, 30 killed
  • Sep 26 Japanese troops attack French Indo-China
  • Sep 27 55 German aircraft shot down above England
  • Sep 27 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces

Sports History

Sep 27 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller

  • Sep 27 Nazi Germany, Italy & Japan sign 10 year formal alliance (Axis)
  • Sep 27 Yankees, lose to A's & eliminated from pennant for 1st time since 1935

Sports History

Sep 28 Michigan's Tom Harmon runs 72, 86 & 94 yard touchdowns

  • Sep 28 Nazi occupiers present "New Dutch Culture" in German
  • Sep 28 Bud Brennan, a fan at Memorial Stadium, races out of stands & attempts to tackle Tom Harmon at 3-yard line, Harmon easily evades Brennan
  • Sep 29 "Double or Nothing", a radio quiz show, 1st heard on Mutual Radio Net

Film Release

Sep 29 Musical film "Strike Up the Band" starring Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland opens

Historic Event

Sep 29 1st US merchant ship "Booker T. Washington" commanded by a black captain (Hugh Mulzac), launched at Wilmington Delaware

  • Sep 30 47 German aircraft shot down above England