On This Day

Historical Events in January 1941

  • Jan 1 Netherlands begins taxing wages

Appointment of Interest

Jan 1 Russian general Georgy Zhukov appointed chief of general staff

  • Jan 1 27th Rose Bowl: #2 Stanford beats #7 Nebraska, 21-13
  • Jan 1 7th Sugar Bowl: #4 Boston College beats #6 Tennessee, 19-13
  • Jan 1 7th Orange Bowl: #9 Mississippi State beats #13 Georgetown, 14-7
  • Jan 2 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • Jan 2 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • Jan 3 Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
  • Jan 3 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • Jan 3 Sergei Rachmaninoff's final composition "Symphonic Dances" premieres in Philadelphia, with Eugene Ormandy conducting the Philadelphia Orchestra
  • Jan 3 American National Collegiate Football Rules Committee announces a new rule permitting free substitution of players
  • Jan 4 Resistance fighters counter d'Estienne d'Orves/Jan Doornik, 1st meet
  • Jan 5 British Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya

Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms

Jan 6 US President Franklin Roosevelt makes his "Four Freedoms" speech (freedom of speech and worship; freedom from want and fear) during his US State of Union address [1] [2]

Historic Event

Jan 7 Chinese Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-shek open fire on the surrounded Communist New Fourth Army at Maolin, Anhui Province, killing or capturing 7,000 troops

  • Jan 9 6,000 Jews murdered in a pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • Jan 9 Maiden flight by Canada's British-built Avro Lancaster military plane
  • Jan 10 Joseph Kesselring's "Arsenic & Old Lace" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 10 Seyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews
  • Jan 10 World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
  • Jan 11 Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton

Attack on Pearl Harbor

Jan 16 US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor

  • Jan 16 War Department forms first Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
  • Jan 17 Chiang Kai-shek disbands the Communist New Fourth Army after the New Fourth Army incident at Maolin, Anhui Province between the nationalist and communist armies leaves many dead
  • Jan 18 World War II: A counter-offensive is launched by the British against the Italians in East Africa
  • Jan 19 British offensive in Eritrea
  • Jan 19 British troops occupies Kassalaf, Sudan

Music History

Jan 20 Béla Bartók's 6th string quartet, premieres in NYC

  • Jan 20 Chinese Communist leaders re-organize the New Fourth Army in defiance of Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek's order for it to be disbanded
  • Jan 21 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
  • Jan 21 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, Texas
  • Jan 21 Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
  • Jan 21 British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
  • Jan 22 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania
  • Jan 22 British and Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians
  • Jan 23 Groundbreaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
  • Jan 23 WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
  • Jan 24 British troops march into Abyssinia

Historic Event

Jan 25 Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

  • Jan 27 Peruvian ambassador Ricardo Rivera-Schreiber warns American Ambassador of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
  • Jan 28 French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
  • Jan 29 Alexandros Koryzis becomes Prime Minister of Greece
  • Jan 30 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • Jan 31 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem, Netherlands

Boxing Title Fight

Jan 31 In his 13th title defence Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in the 5th round at Madison Square Garden, New York to retain NYSAC heavyweight boxing crown

  • Jan 31 British army Layforce commando units set sail