On This Day

Historical Events in October 1941

Music History

Oct 1 Dmitri Shostakovich evacuated by plane to Moscow

  • Oct 1 H Martin/R Blane's musical "Best Foot Forward" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 2 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
  • Oct 2 Germans launch attack on Moscow

Historic Event

Oct 3 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "already broken and will never rise again" in a broadcast to the German people

  • Oct 3 All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, are killed by SS
  • Oct 3 Nazis blow up 6 synagoges in Paris

Film Premiere

Oct 3 "The Maltese Falcon" directed by John Huston and based on Dashiell Hammett's 1929 novel of the same name, starring Humphrey Bogart and Mary Astor, premieres in New York City

  • Oct 5 Brooklyn Dodgers catcher Mickey Owens drops a 3rd strike and Tom Hendrick reaches 1st safely for Yankees for a famous Baseball World Series error; would have been last out, instead Yankees score 4 and win 7-4; win series, 4-1
  • Oct 6 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • Oct 6 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 3-1 at Ebetts Field for a 4 games to 1 series win; Yankees 5th title in 6 years and 9th overall
  • Oct 7 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • Oct 8 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins
  • Oct 9 Coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • Oct 10 RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancing
  • Oct 11 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
  • Oct 12 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • Oct 13 Nazis kill 11,000 Jewish children and old people
  • Oct 14 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga
  • Oct 15 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

Appointment of Interest

Oct 15 Hideki Tojo appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan

  • Oct 15 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • Oct 16 "Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers
  • Oct 16 Germany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow

Historic Siege

Oct 16 Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia during the Siege of Odessa, part of the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union

  • Oct 17 USS Kearney becomes the 1st US destroyer torpedoed in World War II, while the country is still officially neutral
  • Oct 18 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
  • Oct 19 1st woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley in Mexico
  • Oct 20 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia

Theater Premiere

Oct 22 Maxwell Anderson's play "Candle in the Wind" premieres in NYC

Film Release

Oct 23 Walt Disney's animated film "Dumbo" released

  • Oct 25 16,000 Jews massacred in Odessa, Ukraine
  • Oct 25 Germany attacks Moscow

Historic Event

Oct 25 Winston Churchill routes "Forces South" to SE Asia

Historic Event

Oct 26 Second meeting of partisans Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia

  • Oct 27 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan

Film Premiere

Oct 28 "How Green Was My Valley" based on the novel by Richard Llewellyn, directed by John Ford and starring Walter Pidgeon and Maureen O'Hara premieres in New York (Best Picture 1942)

Music Premiere

Oct 29 Cole Porter's musical "Let's Face It" opens at the Imperial Theatre, NYC; runs 547 performances

  • Oct 31 Mount Rushmore Monument is completed in South Dakota, designed by Gutzon Borglum
  • Oct 31 Prior to US joining WWII, German submarine U-552 torpedoes US destroyer Reuben James near Iceland
  • Oct 31 Clothing factory fire in Huddersfield, England kills 49