On This Day

Historical Events in 1941 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 638

  • May 3 67th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Whirlaway, 1st leg of successful Triple Crown
  • May 5 2 Fokker employees flee Nazi occupied Netherlands to England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • May 5 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 Joseph Stalin becomes Premier of the Soviet Union, replacing his foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 At California's March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO show

Entertainer Bob Hope
Entertainer
Bob Hope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 British House of Commons votes for Winston Churchill (477-3)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Music releaseMusic Recording

May 7 Glenn Miller records "Chattanooga Choo Choo" for RCA

Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer Glenn Miller
Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer
Glenn Miller
  • May 8 German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 British intelligence at Bletchley Park breaks German spy codes after capturing Enigma machines aboard the weather ship Muenchen

Computer Scientist Alan Turing
Computer Scientist
Alan Turing

MurderMurder of Interest

May 9 Louis Buchalter is arraigned in New York state court on the 1936 Joseph Rosen murder along with three other murders

  • May 10 66th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Whirlaway, 2nd leg of successful Triple Crown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess escapes to Britain to open secret negotiations with the Allies, parachuting into Scotland

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • May 10 British House of Commons & Holborn Theatre damaged in an air raid
  • May 10 Queen Wilhelmina on Radio Orange warns against treason
  • May 11 1st Messerschmidt 109F shot down above England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 Martin Bormann succeeds Rudolf Hess as Adolf Hitler's deputy

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • May 12 British forces march into Alexandria
  • May 12 Konrad Zuse presents the Z3, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computer, in Berlin
  • May 13 Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Chancellery in Germany
  • May 13 Trial against resistance fighter comte d'Estienne d'Orves begins
  • May 13 Willy Lewis' US jazz band performs in Switzerland
  • May 14 3,600 Parisian Jews arrested
  • May 15 1st British turbojet flies
  • May 15 British attack Halfaya-pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt and Libya

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

May 15 Joe DiMaggio starts 56-game hitting streak; Yanks lose 13-1

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands forbid Jewish music
  • May 16 1st US radio performance of Bennett's "Symphony in D for the Dodgers"
  • May 16 Italian army under Aosta surrenders to Britain at Amba Alagi, Ethiopia
  • May 16 Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
  • May 16 Nazis forbid Dutch Organization of Actors (NOT)
  • May 17 Pennsylvania declares legal holiday to honor A's manager Connie Mack
  • May 18 An Egyptian steamer sinks
  • May 18 Italian army in Ethiopia under general Aosta surrenders to Britain
  • May 18 Jewish veterans honor their dead
  • May 19 Germany occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis

  • May 19 New Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
  • May 20 Archer's "Christian Calendar & Gregorian Reform" published
  • May 20 Former Dutch PM Colijn says Neth Indies not ready for independence
  • May 20 Germany begins airbourne invasion of Crete
  • May 20 White Sox Taft Wright sets AL record of RBIs in 13 consecutive games
  • May 21 SS Robin Moor becomes the first US ship sunk by a U-boat during World War II
  • May 21 German airforce occupies airport at Maleme, Crete
  • May 21 Singer Johan Heesters visits Dachau concentration camp
  • May 22 British troops attack Baghdad

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

May 23 In his 20th World Heavyweight Boxing title defence Joe Louis knocks out Buddy Baer in round 1 at New York's Madison Square Garden

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • May 24 German athlete Rudolf Harbig runs world record 1,000m in 2:21.5 at Dresden, Germany
  • May 24 German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive
  • May 25 5,000 drown in a storm at Ganges Delta region in India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25 Ted Williams raises his batting average over .400 for 1st time in 1941

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 American Flag House (Betsy Ross' Home) given to city of Philadelphia

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross
  • May 26 Aircraft from HMS Ark Royal sights German battleship Bismarck
  • May 26 German occupiers begin youth labor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 FDR declares state of emergency due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • May 27 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
  • May 28 1st night game at Griffith Stadium, Washington, D.C. (NY Yankees pip the Senators 6-5)
  • May 28 Allied troops begin evacuation of Crete
  • May 30 1st anti semitic measures in Serbia
  • May 30 British Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Floyd Davis/Mauri Rose wins in 4:20:36.266 (185.263 km/h)
  • May 31 -June 1) 32.0 cm rain falls on Burlington Kansas (state record)
  • May 31 1st issue of "Parade" goes on sale
  • May 31 German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach & swimming pools
  • May 31 A Luftwaffe air raid in Dublin, in neutral Ireland, claims 38 lives.
  • Jun 1 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, in Burlington, Kansas (state 24-hr record)
  • Jun 1 British troops occupy Baghdad, Iraq
  • Jun 1 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • Jun 1 Germany occupies Crete after Allied evacuation
  • Jun 1 Future Hall of Fame outfielder Mel Ott hits his 400th career HR and his 1,500th RBI to help New York Giants to a 3-2 win over the Cincinnati Reds
  • Jun 3 Attack on telephone exchange in Schiphol
  • Jun 3 German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports
  • Jun 4 Nazis forbid Jews access to beaches & swimming pools
  • Jun 4 Republic of Croatia orders all Jews to wear a star with the letter Z

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Sandor Szabo beats B Nagurski in St Louis, to become wrestling champ

Hall of Fame American Football Player Bronko Nagurski
Hall of Fame American Football Player
Bronko Nagurski
  • Jun 5 World War II: At least 4,000 people who hid in a tunnel die after a Japanese air attack on the Chinese city of Chongqing
  • Jun 6 1st navy vessel constructed as mine layer Terror launched
  • Jun 6 Giants use plastic batting helmets for 1st time

Sport awardUS Golf Open

Jun 7 US Open Men's Golf, Colonial CC, Fort Worth: In sweltering heat, Craig Wood wins by 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Denny Shute

Golfer Denny Shute
Golfer
Denny Shute
  • Jun 7 73rd Belmont: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Whirlaway to claim first of 2 Triple Crowns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and Richard L. M. Synge give the first demonstration of partition chromatography (separation of mixtures) at a meeting of the Biochemical Society held at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hampstead

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • Jun 8 British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria
  • Jun 9 Ammunition plant at Fort Smederovo in Belgrade explodes; kills 1,500
  • Jun 9 Archbishop De Young bans priests cooperating with Rijks radio
  • Jun 11 2nd great raid on Jews of Amsterdam
  • Jun 11 Vichy-French planes bomb Tel Aviv, killing 20 Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 Ground broken for Boeing Plant II (ex-AFLC Plant 13) in Wichita, Kansas

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing
  • Jun 14 Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations into Siberia
  • Jun 16 1st US federally owned airport opened Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 18 Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jun 18 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • Jun 19 Romania orders Jewish evacuation of Darabani

  • Jun 19 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act
  • Jun 19 Soviet anthropologist Michael Gerasimov opens tomb of Timurid Empire founder Timur and allegedly finds the inscription that whoever opens the tomb shall "unleash an invader more terrible than I." Three days later Germany invades Russia.
  • Jun 20 German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on US battleship Texas
  • Jun 21 2nd French troops occupies Damascus Syria
  • Jun 21 After winning 20 straight at Fenway, Lefty Grove loses to Browns

Soviet UnionGermany Invades the Soviet Union

Jun 22 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union during WWII, the largest military operation in history
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German troops cross the border point between Nazi Germany and the Sovet Union on June 22, 1941
German troops cross the border point between Nazi Germany and the Sovet Union on June 22, 1941
  • Jun 22 June Uprising in Lithuania begins, resulting in the collapse of the Soviet occupation, but replaced with invading German forces shortly after
  • Jun 22 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group
  • Jun 23 Germany occupies Telz, Lithuana
  • Jun 24 Entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy, Lithuania, exterminated
  • Jun 24 Germans advance into Russia and take Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas
  • Jun 25 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802, which forbids racial discrimination in the defense industry
  • Jun 25 -26] Soviet counter attack at Rovno
  • Jun 25 FDR issues Executive Order 8802 forbidding discrimination
  • Jun 25 Fair Employment Practices Commission established
  • Jun 25 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • Jun 25 Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
  • Jun 25 Finland enters WW2 against the USSR following a massive airstrike the previous day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 James F. Byrnes is admitted to the US Supreme Court

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • Jun 26 Lithuanian fascists massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno
  • Jun 27 Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
  • Jun 27 Nazi manifest against the Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 28 German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • Jun 28 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • Jun 29 DiMaggio extends hitting streak to 42 breaking Sisler's record
  • Jun 30 Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) declare Ukraine independent
  • Jun 30 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
  • Jul 1 1st commercial TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) & WCBW (CBS), NYC
  • Jul 1 Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial
  • Jul 1 NY outfielder Joe DiMaggio, on way to a record 56, ties Willie Keeler's 44 game MLB hit streak in a 9-2 win over Boston Red Sox at Yankee Stadium

  • Jul 1 WCBW (now WCBS) TV channel 2 in NY, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 1 WNBT TV (W2XBS, Now WNBC) channel 4 in NYC (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 2 Joe DiMaggio hits a 3-run homer off Boston's Dick Newsome to pass Willie Keeler's MLB record 44 game hitting streak
  • Jul 2 Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Noël Coward's "Blithe Spirit" premieres in London

Playwright, Director and Singer Noël Coward
Playwright, Director and Singer
Noël Coward
  • Jul 4 Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
  • Jul 4 Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • Jul 5 German occupiers disband political parties

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 New York Yankees team unveils a monument to former captain Lou Gehrig in center field at Yankee Stadium; the future Hall of Famer died the previous month

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Jul 7 Nazis execute 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania
  • Jul 7 US forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
  • Jul 7 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops
  • Jul 8 9th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-5 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
  • Jul 8 All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
  • Jul 9 Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees
  • Jul 10 Continuation War: Finland invades East Karelia as hostilities with the Soviet Union resume following the German invasion in June
  • Jul 10 Jedwabne Pogrom: massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne, Poland
  • Jul 11 German troops attack Dnjepr

Sport awardPGA Championship

Jul 13 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Vic Ghezzi wins his only major title over defending champion Byron Nelson in 38 holes

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • Jul 13 Eddie Mayo (LA-Pacific Coast League), spits in face of umpire Ray Snyder
  • Jul 13 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • Jul 14 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
  • Jul 14 Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
  • Jul 14 Jam rationed in Holland
  • Jul 15 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 15 Britain's MAUDE Report edited by James Chadwick approved, concludes an atomic bomb is feasible

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick
  • Jul 16 100°F (38°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle, Washington
  • Jul 16 Joe DiMaggio goes 3 for 4, hitting in his 56th straight game
  • Jul 17 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ends in Cleveland

  • Jul 18 SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
  • Jul 19 1st US Army flying school for black cadets dedicated (Tuskegee, Alabama)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 BBC World Service begins playing V(ictory) ("...-" in Morse code) (opening of Ludwig van Beethoven's 5th symphony)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 Tom and Jerry first appear under their own names in cartoon "The Midnight Snack" by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera

Animator Joseph Barbera
Animator
Joseph Barbera
Animator William Hanna
Animator
William Hanna
  • Jul 20 Yanks beat Tigers 12-6 in 17
  • Jul 21 200 Jewish Torahs are burned in Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 21 Himmler orders building of Majdanek concentration camp

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Jul 24 FDR demands Japanese troops out of Indo-China
  • Jul 24 Nazis kill entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania
  • Jul 24 Red Sox Lefty Grove, 41, wins his 300th game
  • Jul 25 FDR bans selling benzine/gasoline to Japan
  • Jul 25 Red Sox Lefty Grove becomes 12th to win 300 games (his last victory)
  • Jul 26 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
  • Jul 26 US embargo on oil-export to Japan
  • Jul 27 103°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • Jul 27 German army enters Ukraine
  • Jul 27 Japanese forces land in Indo-China
  • Jul 30 German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU & SGP in Netherlands
  • Jul 31 U-boats sink and damage 21 allied ships this month (80,521 tons)
  • Aug 1 Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
  • Aug 1 NY Yankees pitcher Lefty Gomez sets MLB record for most walks in a shutout, issuing 11 in 9-0 win v St. Louis Browns
  • Aug 1 The first Jeep is produced.
  • Aug 2 German 11st Army surrounds 20 Soviet divisions at Oeman
  • Aug 2 Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia
  • Aug 3 Gas (petroleum) sales limited in US
  • Aug 3 German troops conquer Roslavl USSR
  • Aug 3 Joe DiMaggio goes 0-4 in Yankees 6-2 loss v St. Louis Browns, ending his on-base streak of 74 games, 2nd in MLB history
  • Aug 4 Brooklyn Dodgers catcher Mickey Owens becomes 1st MLB player to take 3 foul pop-ups in one inning (3rd) in 11-6 win v NY Giants

  • Aug 4 Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to US
  • Aug 6 Detroit Tigers pitcher Al Benton collects 2 sacrifices in an inning, a MLB record; wins 11-2 vs Cleveland Indians
  • Aug 7 551 Jews are shot in Kishnev ghetto in Romania
  • Aug 8 20 divisions of Soviet 6th/12th Army surrender at Oeman
  • Aug 9 Winston Churchill reaches Newfoundland for talks with FDR
  • Aug 10 FDR & Churchill's 2nd meeting at Placentia, Newfoundland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 French Marshal Philippe Petain gives full support to Nazi Germany

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Aug 13 Red army evacuates Smolensk
  • Aug 14 US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the joint declaration that later becomes known as the Atlantic Charter
  • Aug 15 Kovono Lithuanian Jews are herded into Slobodka ghetto
  • Aug 16 HMS Mercury, Royal Navy Signals School and Combined Signals School opens at Leydene, near Petersfield, Hampshire, England.
  • Aug 17 German raider attacks Dutch SS Kota Nopan
  • Aug 18 German concentration camp Amersfoort opens
  • Aug 18 Phillies commit 8 errors in a baseball game
  • Aug 19 Ump Jocko Conlan ejects Pirate manager Frankie Frisch for coming out on field holding an umbrella to get a rainout
  • Aug 19 Romania annexes the Transnistria territory from the Soviet Union after Operation Barbarossa
  • Aug 20 Police raid 11th district of Paris, takes 4,000+ Jewish males
  • Aug 22 Nazi troops reach Lenningrad
  • Aug 25 British & Soviet troops attack pro-German Iran