On This Day

Historical Events in 1941 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 635

  • Aug 28 8th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 37, All-Stars 13 (98,203)
  • Aug 28 Last meeting of resistance fighter Comte d'Estienne d'Orves
  • Aug 29 German Einsatzkommando in Russia kills 1,469 Jewish children

Soviet UnionSiege of Leningrad

Aug 30 Siege of Leningrad by German troops begins during WWII

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Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
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  • Aug 30 St Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cincinnati Reds, 2-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 30 Winston Churchill approves a nuclear programme (Tube Alloys), first national leader to do so

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Aug 31 Great Gildersleeve, a spin-off of Fibber McGee & Molly debuts on NBC
  • Sep 1 Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David
  • Sep 2 Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
  • Sep 3 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
  • Sep 3 KYW TV channel 3 in Philadelphia, PA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 4 US destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652
  • Sep 4 New York Yankees clinch their 3rd straight AL pennant; beat the Red Sox, 6-3; earliest date in baseball history a team has captured a flag
  • Sep 6 All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star
  • Sep 6 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to their ghetto

Sport awardUS Men's Tennis Open

Sep 7 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: 1939 champion Bobby Riggs beats Frank Kovacs 5-7, 6-1, 6-3, 6-3

Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Bobby Riggs
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion
Bobby Riggs

  • Sep 7 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Sarah Palfrey Cooke beats fellow American Pauline Betz Addie 7-5, 6-2; sweeps all 3 women's titles
  • Sep 8 Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by Germany begins
  • Sep 8 Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, is exterminated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 FDR orders US Navy that any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Charles Lindbergh, claims the "British, Jewish and Roosevelt administration" are trying to get the US into World War II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Construction of the Pentagon begins in Arlington County, Virginia (completed Jan 15, 1943). Designed by architect George Bergstrom and built by contractor John McShain, construction was overseen by Leslie Groves.

US Army Engineer and WWII General Leslie Groves
US Army Engineer and WWII General
Leslie Groves
  • Sep 12 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • Sep 15 Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil, Lithuania
  • Sep 16 German armoured troops surround Kiev, Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 16 Adolf Hitler orders that for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavs should be killed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 16 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 Cards' Stan Musial makes his major league debut, going 2-for-4

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • Sep 17 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • Sep 17 The New Zealand Labour Party abolishes the death penalty (It is reintroduced by the National government in 1950 before being finally removed from the statute book in 1961)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Sep 17 Famous meeting between Danish physicist Niels Bohr and German head of nuclear energy project Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen to discuss nuclear weapons (date approximate)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Sep 19 1st meeting of partisan leaders Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Sep 19 German army conquers Kiev
  • Sep 19 Nazis force German Jews, 6 & over to wear Jewish stars
  • Sep 22 British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
  • Sep 23 General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London

  • Sep 23 German air raid on Soviet naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
  • Sep 23 The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. concentration camp
  • Sep 24 Nine Allied governments pledge adherence to the common principles of policy set forth in the Atlantic Charter
  • Sep 24 Bomb explosion in German headquarter in Hotel Continental in Kiev
  • Sep 25 Brooklyn Dodgers win their 1st pennant in 21 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 US President Roosevelt launches the 1st Liberty ship, freighter SS Patrick Henry

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 Reinhard Heydrich, "butcher of Prague," appointed SS-general (Gruppenfuehrer)

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • Sep 28 Phillies lose club record 111th game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28 Ted Williams ended the baseball season with .406 batting avg

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Sep 29 Joe Louis TKOs Lou Nova in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Sep 29 Million jam downtown Brooklyn to cheer NL champ Dodgers in a parade
  • Sep 29 Nazi massacre at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine begins, 33,771 mostly Jews murdered
  • Sep 30 Approximately 33,771 Jews are shot to death or buried alive at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine by Nazi troops over two days
  • Sep 30 German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Dmitri Shostakovich evacuated by plane to Moscow

  • Oct 1 H Martin/R Blane's musical "Best Foot Forward" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 2 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
  • Oct 2 Germans launch attack on Moscow
  • Oct 3 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "already broken and will never rise again" in a broadcast to the German people
  • Oct 3 All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, are killed by SS
  • Oct 3 Nazis blow up 6 synagoges in Paris

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 3 "The Maltese Falcon" directed by John Huston and based off Dashiell Hammett's 1929 novel of the same name, starring Humphrey Bogart and Mary Astor, premieres in New York City

  • Oct 5 Brooklyn Dodgers catcher Mickey Owens drops a 3rd strike and Tom Hendrick reaches 1st safely for Yankees for a famous Baseball World Series error; would have been last out, instead Yankees score 4 and win 7-4; win series, 4-1
  • Oct 6 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • Oct 6 NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 1, in 38th World Series
  • Oct 7 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • Oct 8 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins

USAManhattan Project

Oct 9 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves an atomic program that would become the Manhattan Project

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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  • Oct 9 Coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • Oct 10 RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancing
  • Oct 11 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
  • Oct 12 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • Oct 13 Nazis kill 11,000 Jewish children and old people
  • Oct 14 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga
  • Oct 15 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Hideki Tojo appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Oct 15 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • Oct 16 "Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers
  • Oct 16 Germany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow
  • Oct 16 Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia
  • Oct 17 USS Kearney becomes the 1st US destroyer torpedoed in World War II, while the country is still officially neutral
  • Oct 18 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
  • Oct 19 1st woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley in Mexico
  • Oct 20 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 Maxwell Anderson's "Candle in the Wind" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 23 Walt Disney's animated film "Dumbo" released

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Oct 25 16,000 Jews massacred in Odessa Ukraine
  • Oct 25 Germany attacks Moscow
  • Oct 25 Winston Churchill routes "Forces South" to SE Asia
  • Oct 26 Second meeting of partisans Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia
  • Oct 27 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 28 "How Green Was My Valley" based on the novel by Richard Llewellyn, directed by John Ford and starring Walter Pidgeon and Maureen O'Hara premieres in New York (Best Picture 1942)

Film director John Ford
Film director
John Ford

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 29 Cole Porter's musical "Let's Face It" premieres in New York City

Composer and Lyricist Cole Porter
Composer and Lyricist
Cole Porter
  • Oct 31 Mount Rushmore Monument is completed in South Dakota, designed by Gutzon Borglum
  • Oct 31 Prior to US joining WWII, German submarine U-552 torpedoes US destroyer Reuben James near Iceland

  • Oct 31 Clothing factory fire in Huddersfield, England kills 49
  • Nov 1 Chetniks attacks Tito's partizans in Uzice Yugoslavia

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

Nov 1 Japanese naval staff offiicers Suzuki & Maejima arrive at Pearl Harbor

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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
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CameraFamous Photo

Nov 1 Ansel Adams shoots 'Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico', one of his most famous photographs

Photographer Ansel Adams
Photographer
Ansel Adams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3 Hirohito's accord on Yamamoto's attack plan on Pearl Harbor fails

WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor Isoroku Yamamoto
WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Isoroku Yamamoto
Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • Nov 5 Japanese naval staff officers Suzuki and Maejima leave Pearl Harbor
  • Nov 6 Einsatz Gruppe kills 15,000 Jews of Rovno Ukraine
  • Nov 6 USA lends Soviet Union $1 million
  • Nov 7 British air attacks on Berlin, Mannheim & Ruhrgebied
  • Nov 8 The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
  • Nov 9 Hitler threatens Clemens August, Graf von Galen and Bishop of Münster
  • Nov 11 Czech premier General Eliasj arrested by Nazis
  • Nov 12 Germany's drive to take Moscow halted
  • Nov 12 WOV-AM & WNEW-AM in NYC swaps call letters
  • Nov 12 Alma Heflin, the first American female test pilot for commercial aircraft, made her first test flight for the Piper Aircraft Corporation, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 13 German Abweht consults with Chetnikleider Draza Mihailovic
  • Nov 13 U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal near Gibraltar
  • Nov 14 British aircraft carrier Ark Royal sank in Mediterranean, having been torpedoed by a German submarine the day before
  • Nov 14 Governr-General Wouters of Dutch Antilles refuses Jews refuge
  • Nov 15 Cow Palace opens in San Francisco
  • Nov 15 Yugoslav government in exile names Draza Mihailovic premier
  • Nov 16 German troops conquer Kertsh (probably)
  • Nov 17 Virgil Thomson's 2nd Symphony, premieres
  • Nov 18 British troops open attack on Tobruk, North Africa
  • Nov 18 Jerome Chodorov/Joseph Fields' "Junior Miss" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Nov 20 Adm Nomura & Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note
  • Nov 20 German "auxiliary cruiser" (armed merchant raider) Kormoran sinks near Australia
  • Nov 21 German troops occupy Rostov-on-Don, Southern Russia
  • Nov 22 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis

  • Nov 22 NZ troops conquer Ft Capuzzo Libya
  • Nov 23 German troops conquer Klin, at NW of Moscow
  • Nov 24 "Life Certificates" issued to some Jews of Vilna, the rest are exterminated
  • Nov 24 Indian infantry attacks German tanks at Sidi Omar
  • Nov 24 US troops land on Suriname to protect bauxite mine
  • Nov 25 German Jews in Netherlands declared stateless (lose of nationality)
  • Nov 25 Lou Boudreau, 24, becomes Cleveland Indians player manager
  • Nov 25 Finland joined the Anti-Komintern Pact.
  • Nov 26 Amateur tennis champ Bobby Riggs turns pro
  • Nov 26 General Alan Cunningham relieved of command of British 8th Army in North Africa
  • Nov 26 British troops conquer Belhamed, Sidi Rezegh & El Duda
  • Nov 26 Japanese naval carrier force left its base & moves east toward Pearl Harbor
  • Nov 26 Lebanon independence first proclaimed by France
  • Nov 27 British 13th Army Corps reaches Tobruk in Libya

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Joe DiMaggio is named AL MVP

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • Nov 27 USSR begins a counter offensive, causes Germany to retreat
  • Nov 28 German troops vacate Rostov
  • Nov 29 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Winnipeg Blue Bombers defeat Ottawa Rough Riders, 18-16 for their 3rd Championship
  • Nov 29 Passenger ship Lurline sends radio signal of sighting Japanese war fleet
  • Nov 30 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry makes its last run

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 30 Japanese Emperor Hirohito consults with admirals Shimada and Nagano

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • Dec 1 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python
  • Dec 1 Japanese Emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war
  • Dec 1 US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
  • Dec 2 Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill, New York
  • Dec 2 New York Giants name Mel Ott as player-manager; replaces another future Baseball Hall of Famer Bill Terry, who heads Giants' farm system
  • Dec 2 US Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul
  • Dec 2 Japanese Marshal Admiral Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 American mobster Louis Buchalter is sentenced to death along with his lieutenants Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone

  • Dec 3 Adolf Hitler views Poltava, Ukraine

  • Dec 4 Nazi ordinance places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts
  • Dec 5 Football Writers Association of America organized
  • Dec 5 Patrick Hamilton's "Angel Street" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 5 Soviet anti-offensive in Moscow drives out Nazi army
  • Dec 5 Sister Elizabeth Kenny new treatment for infantile paralysis approved
  • Dec 5 US aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor
  • Dec 5 "Sullivan's Travels", directed by Preston Sturges and starring Joel McCrea and Veronica Lake, is released
  • Dec 6 Dutch & British pilots see Japanese invasion fleet at Singapore
  • Dec 6 NYC Council agrees to build Idlewild (Kennedy) Airport in Queens
  • Dec 7 Australian bombers land on Timor/Ambon
  • Dec 7 German siege of Tobruk ends after 8 months
  • Dec 7 Imperial Japanese Navy with 353 planes attack the US fleet at Pearl Harbor Naval Base, Hawaii, killing 2,403 people
  • Dec 7 Nacht & Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps
  • Dec 7 1st Japanese midget submarine (No. 20) attacked by a US ship (USS Ward)
  • Dec 8 Chełmno extermination camp opens, 50 kilometres from Łódź, Poland
  • Dec 8 London: Dutch government-in-exile declares war on Japan
  • Dec 8 Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo
  • Dec 8 San Francisco 1st blackout, at 6:15 PM
  • Dec 8 US and Britain declare war on Japan, US enters World War II

'Infamy' as Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor'Infamy' as Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor

Dec 8 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers "Day of Infamy" speech to US Congress a day after the bombing of Pearl Harbor

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The USS Shaw explodes after taking a direct hit at Pearl Harbor. © Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com
The USS Shaw explodes after taking a direct hit at Pearl Harbor. © Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com
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  • Dec 9 1st US WW II bombing mission in Far East, Luzon, Philippines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 9 300 Montgomery, San Francisco opens as new Bank of America HQ

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • Dec 9 7th Heisman Trophy Award: Bruce Smith, Minnesota (HB)
  • Dec 9 China declares war on Japan, Germany & Italy
  • Dec 9 Citizen Register reports "Hostile planes reported nearing Westchester"
  • Dec 9 Adolf Hitler orders US ships to be torpedoed
  • Dec 10 British battleship Prince of Wales and battlecruiser Repulse (Force Z) sunk following Japanese aerial attacks off Malaya. 840 men die
  • Dec 10 Japanese troops landed on northern Luzon in the Philippines
  • Dec 10 Japanese troops overrun Guam
  • Dec 11 Australian state cricket associations, South Australia, Victoria, Queensland and New South Wales decide at meetings with new Prime Minister John Curtin to abandon all interstate first class matches for the duration of WWII

  • Dec 11 Dutch government in London declares war on Italy
  • Dec 11 Germany & Italy declare war on USA
  • Dec 11 NY Giants acquire future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Johnny Mize from Cardinals for 3 players & $50,000
  • Dec 11 Japanese attack Wake Island (only failed WW II-landing)
  • Dec 11 Japanese occupy Guam
  • Dec 12 European reservists on Java mobilize
  • Dec 12 German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews
  • Dec 12 Soviet 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk
  • Dec 13 German occupiers forbid National Front and Netherland Union
  • Dec 13 Lawine battlers destroy Haaraz, Peru; about 3,000 die
  • Dec 14 1st NFL division playoff, Bears beat Packers 33-14
  • Dec 14 Premier Winston Churchill travels to US on board HMS Duke of York
  • Dec 14 U-557 torpedoes British cruiser Galatea
  • Dec 14 Japan and Thailand sign a treaty of alliance
  • Dec 15 Gas/electrical use restricted in Holland
  • Dec 15 German submarine U-127 sinks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 15 Nazi's transfers 100 Czech citizens, Heinrich Himmler falls faint

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Dec 15 North Africa: allied assault up Italians Gazala-posing
  • Dec 15 USS Swordfish becomes 1st US sub to sink a Japanese ship