On This Day

Historical Events in August 1942

  • Aug 1 German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • Aug 1 Race riots in Harlem, New York
  • Aug 2 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • Aug 2 Colonel general Hermann Hoth's Panzer army reaches Kotelnikovo
  • Aug 4 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz

Historic Event

Aug 4 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo, Egypt

Historic Event

Aug 4 Colonel general Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad and welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

  • Aug 4 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • Aug 5 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • Aug 5 German troops cross Kuban River
  • Aug 6 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • Aug 6 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • Aug 6 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Historic Event

Aug 6 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

  • Aug 7 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • Aug 7 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • Aug 7 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 8 "Monty" appointed commander of British 8th Army at Alamein
  • Aug 8 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 8 British Flower class corvette HMS Dianthus sinks U-379
  • Aug 8 Soviet anti-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timosjenko

Historic Siege

Aug 9 Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony, dedicated to city of Leningrad, performed in Leningrad by starving musicians and broadcast to German forces over loudspeakers during siege by Nazi forces

  • Aug 9 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

Historic Event

Aug 9 Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" motion and campaign by the All-India Congress

  • Aug 9 CBS radio broadcasts the debut of wartime series "Our Secret Weapon"
  • Aug 10 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland

Appointment of Interest

Aug 10 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

  • Aug 11 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • Aug 11 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • Aug 11 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle hit by 4 German torpedoed and sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, 81 miles south of Mallorca
  • Aug 11 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • Aug 12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow for a conference with Joseph Stalin and US representative W. Averrell Harriman
  • Aug 12 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
  • Aug 12 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo

Historic Event

Aug 14 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

  • Aug 15 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • Aug 16 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow
  • Aug 17 Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on USS Hornet
  • Aug 17 Transport #20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force bombers stage first independent raid on Europe, attack Rouen, France
  • Aug 18 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
  • Aug 19 -20] Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab
  • Aug 19 World War II: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France

Historic Event

Aug 19 World War II: General Friedrich Paulus orders the German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad

  • Aug 20 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco
  • Aug 21 Walt Disney's animated movie "Bambi", based on the book by Felix Salten, is released
  • Aug 21 World War II: German soldiers plant the Nazi flag on Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus
  • Aug 21 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 23 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • Aug 23 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
  • Aug 23 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo, Egypt

Sports History

Aug 23 Walter Johnson pitches to Babe Ruth in pregame attraction that draws 69,000 for NYY-Washington MLB doubleheader at Yankee Stadium; raises $80,000 for Army-Navy relief

  • Aug 23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • Aug 24 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • Aug 24 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 25 SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht
  • Aug 26 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • Aug 26 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New Guinea
  • Aug 26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • Aug 26 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy

Historic Event

Aug 27 Soviet woman sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko arrives in Washington D.C., the 1st Soviet citizen welcomed at the White House, by Eleanor Roosevelt

  • Aug 28 9th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 21, All-Stars 0 (101,100)
  • Aug 28 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • Aug 28 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 30 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • Aug 31 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • Aug 31 U-boats sink and damage 131 allied ships this month (639,946 tons)