On This Day

Historical Events in December 1942

  • Dec 1 Gasoline rationed in US
  • Dec 1 The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state
  • Dec 1 With WWII travel restrictions in mind, MLB owners decide to restrict travel to a 3-trip schedule rather than customary 4; Spring training in 1943 limited to locations north of Potomac or Ohio rivers and east of the Mississippi

Historic Event

Dec 2 World’s 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs in Chicago Pile-1 (world's 1st nuclear reactor) at the University of Chicago, overseen by Enrico Fermi

  • Dec 4 First US citizenship granted to an alien on foreign soil (James Hoey)

Historic Event

Dec 4 FDR orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration

  • Dec 4 US bombers strike Italian mainland for first time in WW II
  • Dec 4 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization
  • Dec 5 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto RCAF Hurricanes beat Winnipeg RCAF Bombers, 8-5
  • Dec 5 Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to work
  • Dec 5 West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
  • Dec 6 RAF bombs Philips factory (150 die)
  • Dec 8 8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB)

Appointment of Interest

Dec 10 Adolf Hitler names Anton Mussert "leader of the Dutch people"

  • Dec 10 North Africa: 5th German panzer army forms under col-gen von Arnim

Historic Event

Dec 10 An early report the Holocaust prepared by the Polish government-in-exile, using information obtained by Witold Pilecki, is addressed to UN member states

  • Dec 11 Australian Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia
  • Dec 12 German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
  • Dec 12 A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland, kills 100 people
  • Dec 13 Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader
  • Dec 13 National Football League Championship, Griffith Stadium, Washington, D.C.: Washington Redskins upset Chicago Bears, 14-6
  • Dec 15 Massachusetts issues 1st US vehicular license plate tabs
  • Dec 16 Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan
  • Dec 17 Allies in London sentence German war criminals
  • Dec 19 Robert Stroud, convicted murdered, transferred to Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, where he becomes known as "Birdman of Alcatraz"
  • Dec 20 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
  • Dec 21 US Supreme court declares Nevada separation legal
  • Dec 22 World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon
  • Dec 23 Allies air attack on Den Helder, Netherlands
  • Dec 24 First powered flight of V-1 'buzz bomb', Peenemunde, Germany
  • Dec 24 Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk
  • Dec 25 Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death
  • Dec 25 British Colonel S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter
  • Dec 25 Soviet artillery and tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • Dec 27 1st Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use
  • Dec 27 5th NFL All Star Game, Shribe Park, Philadelphia: NFL All-Stars beat Washington Redskins, 17-14
  • Dec 27 The Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia is founded.
  • Dec 28 Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus
  • Dec 28 Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times
  • Dec 31 Battle of the Barents Sea between British Navy and German Kriegsmarine off North Cape, Norway