On This Day

Historical Events in June 1942

Sports History

Jun 2 Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a US Navy aviator

  • Jun 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • Jun 4 Capitol Record Co opens for business

Film Release

Jun 4 "Mrs Miniver" based on the novel by Jan Struther, directed by William Wyler and starring Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon is released in the US (Best Picture 1943)

  • Jun 5 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • Jun 5 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • Jun 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • Jun 6 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)

Sports History

Jun 6 74th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Shut Out wins in 2:29.2

  • Jun 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • Jun 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians
  • Jun 7 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island

Victory in Battle

Jun 7 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Chester Nimitz wins 1st World War II naval defeat of Japan

  • Jun 7 Germany Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia
  • Jun 7 Japanese troops land on Attu, Aleutian Islands

Music Recording

Jun 8 Bing Crosby records "Silent Night"

  • Jun 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • Jun 9 German-Netherlands press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe

Execution

Jun 10 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now Czech Republic) which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”; over 170 adult men were executed by firing squad on site, women and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under

  • Jun 11 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II

Historic Event

Jun 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Historic Event

Jun 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples

  • Jun 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jun 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km
  • Jun 13 Germany lands 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • Jun 13 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • Jun 13 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • Jun 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced (Bridgeport, Connecticut)
  • Jun 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
  • Jun 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • Jun 18 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st African American ensign in US Navy
  • Jun 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • Jun 19 Paul Waner is 7th to get 3,000 baseball hits
  • Jun 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • Jun 21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)

Historic Event

Jun 21 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrive in Washington, D.C.

Historic Event

Jun 21 Germany's Panzer Army led by Erwin Rommel takes Tobruk in Libya, North Africa

  • Jun 21 Anneliese Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • Jun 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms

Music Premiere

Jun 22 European broadcast première of Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony in London conducted by Sir Henry J. Wood and the London Philharmonic Orchestra

  • Jun 23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • Jun 24 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • Jun 24 German Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • Jun 24 Village of Ležáky, Czechoslovakia destroyed by Nazis after Gestapo finds a radio transmitter believed to have been involved coordinating the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, 33 adults were executed by firing squad on site, and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under
  • Jun 25 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen, Germany (WWII)
  • Jun 25 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Appointment of Interest

Jun 25 Major General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

  • Jun 26 German assault on British railroad terminal at Mersa Matruh, Egypt
  • Jun 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • Jun 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • Jun 28 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • Jun 30 Col-general Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • Jun 30 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • Jun 30 US bombs Celebes and Timor
  • Jun 30 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)