Historical Events in May 1942

  • May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4
  • May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins (1st naval battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 1st twilight game in 24 years, the Dodgers top Giants 7-6 raising $60,000 for Navy Relief Fund
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 9 67th Preakness: Basil James aboard Alsab wins in 1:57
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Historic Publication

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, "Go Down, Moses", is published

  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Historic Event

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 13 Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
  • May 13 Pitcher Jim Tobin belts 3 HRs in a game
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms

Music Premiere

May 14 World premiere performance of Aaron Copland's "Lincoln Portrait" with: Andre Kostelanetz conducting the Cincinnati Symphony in Cincinnati, Ohio

  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Historic Event

May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

  • May 18 NYC ends night baseball games for rest of WW II
  • May 19 Braves Paul Waner is 3rd NLer to get 3,000 hits (Anson & Wagner)
  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed
  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
  • May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim

Historic Event

May 27 Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich is mortally wounded by a grenade thrown by Czech rebels in Prague during Operation Anthropoid; he would die a week later

  • May 28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich

Film Premiere

May 29 "Yankee Doodle Dandy", based on life of George M. Cohan, directed by Michael Curtiz, starring James Cagney and Joan Lesley, premieres in NYC (Academy Awards Best Actor 1943)

Music History

May 29 Bing Crosby records Irving Berlin's song "White Christmas", world's best-selling single (estimated 100 million copies sold)

  • May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II

Historic Event

May 30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague

Sports History

May 30 Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1

  • May 30 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor

Radio History

May 31 Avant-garde radio play "The City Wears A Slouch Hat" with music by John Cage and script by Kenneth Patchen broadcast in Chicago

  • May 31 German Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury, England

PGA Championship

May 31 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Seaview CC: Sam Snead beats Jim Turnesa, 2 & 1 for his first PGA Tour major title

  • May 31 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (722,666 tons)