On This Day

Historical Events in November 1942

  • Nov 1 10th day of battle at El Alamein
  • Nov 1 John H Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest
  • Nov 2 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • Nov 3 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault

Baseball Record

Nov 3 Boston Red Sox outfielder Ted Williams wins American League Triple Crown (.356 average, 36 HRs, 137 RBI); but NY Yankees pitcher Joe Gordon is AL MVP

  • Nov 3 William L Dawson elected to Congress from Chicago
  • Nov 4 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afrika Korps draws back
  • Nov 5 Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris
  • Nov 5 Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission
  • Nov 6 Nazis kill 12,000 Jews in the Minsk ghetto

Historic Event

Nov 6 Sukarno & Mohammed Hatta found Ampat Serangkai

Historic Communication

Nov 7 1st US President to broadcast in a foreign language - FDR, in French

  • Nov 7 Italian cyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world hour record 45.798km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy
  • Nov 8 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)

Historic Event

Nov 8 Adolf Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall

Historic Event

Nov 8 Operation Torch; began as US and British forces under Eisenhower land in French North Africa

  • Nov 8 Vichy-France drops diplomatic relations with US
  • Nov 9 German occupiers install Erik Scavenius as Danish premier
  • Nov 9 Transport number 44 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Nov 10 Philip Barry's "Without Love" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 10 US troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey, Morocco
  • Nov 10 US-British troops occupies Oran, Algeria
  • Nov 11 -12] last German offensive in Stalingrad

Historic Event

Nov 11 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz

  • Nov 11 Germany completes its WWII occupation of France
  • Nov 11 Jews in the Free Zone of France ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • Nov 11 Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
  • Nov 11 Transport #45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • Nov 12 WWII Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces in Solomon Islands
  • Nov 13 Chaotic "sea battle of Friday the 13th" at Guadalcanal
  • Nov 13 Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18 in the US
  • Nov 14 -Nov 15th) Japanese/US sea battle at Savo-Island in Guadalcanal
  • Nov 14 Last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender
  • Nov 15 World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219.
  • Nov 16 Assault of US B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed

Historic Event

Nov 18 Thornton Wilder's "Skin of our Teeth" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Nov 19 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Netherlands"

  • Nov 19 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
  • Nov 19 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • Nov 20 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • Nov 20 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • Nov 20 NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over
  • Nov 21 Adolf Hitler names field marshal Erich von Manstein commander of the newly-created Army Group Don (Heeresgruppe Don)
  • Nov 22 General-major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov
  • Nov 23 3rd & 5th Romanian army corps surrenders
  • Nov 23 US Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized
  • Nov 23 German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
  • Nov 23 Japanese bombing of Port Darwin, Australia

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

Nov 23 Chinese steward Poon Lim begins 133 days adrift after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat and he is the sole survivor

  • Nov 23 Soviet 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
  • Nov 24 German Fieldmarshal Erich von Manstein arrives in Starobelsk, Ukraine
  • Nov 24 French collaborator Marquis de Brinon establishes "African Falanx"
  • Nov 25 National Organization for Aid to Underground, LO, forms

Film Premiere

Nov 26 "Casablanca" directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman premieres at Hollywood Theater, NYC (Academy Awards Best Picture 1943)

  • Nov 26 Anti-fascist Council for National Liberation (AVNOJ) forms
  • Nov 27 French navy at Toulon scuttles ships & subs so Nazis cannot seize them

Historic Event

Nov 27 Tito appoints Anti-fascist Liberation board in Yugoslavia

  • Nov 28 492 die in a fire that destroyed Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston
  • Nov 29 US Office of Price Administration rations coffee for everyone, 10 pound a year
  • Nov 30 U-boats sink and damage 142 allied ships this month (877,774 tons)
  • Nov 30 -Dec 1st: Sea battle at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal
  • Nov 30 Bill Terry resigns as supervisor of NY Giants minor league system
  • Nov 30 German supply vessel Uckermark (formerly called the Altmark) explodes & sinks off Yokohama