Historical Events in 1942 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 647

  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins (1st naval battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 1st twilight game in 24 years, the Dodgers top Giants 7-6 raising $60,000 for Navy Relief Fund
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 9 67th Preakness: Basil James aboard Alsab wins in 1:57
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Historic Publication

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, "Go Down, Moses", is published

  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Historic Event

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 13 Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
  • May 13 Pitcher Jim Tobin belts 3 HRs in a game
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms

Music Premiere

May 14 World premiere performance of Aaron Copland's "Lincoln Portrait" with: Andre Kostelanetz conducting the Cincinnati Symphony in Cincinnati, Ohio

  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Historic Event

May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

  • May 18 NYC ends night baseball games for rest of WW II
  • May 19 Braves Paul Waner is 3rd NLer to get 3,000 hits (Anson & Wagner)
  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed
  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
  • May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim

Historic Event

May 27 Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich is mortally wounded by a grenade thrown by Czech rebels in Prague during Operation Anthropoid; he would die a week later

  • May 28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich

Film Premiere

May 29 "Yankee Doodle Dandy", based on life of George M. Cohan, directed by Michael Curtiz, starring James Cagney and Joan Lesley, premieres in NYC (Academy Awards Best Actor 1943)

Music History

May 29 Bing Crosby records Irving Berlin's song "White Christmas", world's best-selling single (estimated 100 million copies sold)

  • May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II

Historic Event

May 30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague

Sports History

May 30 Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1

  • May 30 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor

Radio History

May 31 Avant-garde radio play "The City Wears A Slouch Hat" with music by John Cage and script by Kenneth Patchen broadcast in Chicago

  • May 31 German Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury, England

PGA Championship

May 31 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Seaview CC: Sam Snead beats Jim Turnesa, 2 & 1 for his first PGA Tour major title

  • May 31 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (722,666 tons)

Sports History

Jun 2 Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a US Navy aviator

Film Release

Jun 4 "Mrs Miniver" based on the novel by Jan Struther, directed by William Wyler and starring Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon is released in the US (Best Picture 1943)

  • Jun 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • Jun 4 Capitol Record Co opens for business
  • Jun 5 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • Jun 5 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • Jun 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • Jun 6 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)

Belmont Stakes

Jun 6 74th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Shut Out wins in 2:29.2

  • Jun 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • Jun 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians

Victory in Battle

Jun 7 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Chester Nimitz wins 1st World War II naval defeat of Japan

  • Jun 7 Germany Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia
  • Jun 7 Japanese troops land on Attu, Aleutian Islands
  • Jun 7 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island
  • Jun 8 Bing Crosby records "Silent Night"
  • Jun 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • Jun 9 German-Netherlands press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe
  • Jun 10 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now Czech Republic) which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”; over 170 adult men were executed by firing squad on site, women and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under
  • Jun 11 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II

Historic Event

Jun 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

  • Jun 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples
  • Jun 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jun 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km
  • Jun 13 Germany lands 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • Jun 13 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • Jun 13 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • Jun 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced (Bridgeport, Connecticut)
  • Jun 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
  • Jun 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • Jun 18 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st African American ensign in US Navy
  • Jun 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • Jun 19 Paul Waner is 7th to get 3,000 baseball hits
  • Jun 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • Jun 21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)
  • Jun 21 Anneliese Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)

Historic Event

Jun 21 Germany's Panzer Army led by Erwin Rommel takes Tobruk in Libya, North Africa

Historic Event

Jun 21 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrive in Washington, D.C.

Music Premiere

Jun 22 European broadcast première of Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony in London conducted by Sir Henry J. Wood and the London Philharmonic Orchestra

  • Jun 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
  • Jun 23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • Jun 24 German Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • Jun 24 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • Jun 24 Village of Ležáky, Czechoslovakia destroyed by Nazis after Gestapo finds a radio transmitter believed to have been involved coordinating the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, 33 adults were executed by firing squad on site, and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under
  • Jun 25 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels from US to London
  • Jun 25 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen, Germany (WWII)

Appointment of Interest

Jun 25 Major General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

  • Jun 26 German assault on British railroad terminal at Mersa Matruh, Egypt
  • Jun 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • Jun 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • Jun 28 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • Jun 30 Col-general Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • Jun 30 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)
  • Jun 30 US bombs Celebes and Timor
  • Jun 30 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • Jul 1 WWI: German troops conquer Black Sea port city of Sevastopol, Crimea, after a 250 battle; Russia takes it back in 1944
  • Jul 3 Adolf Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine
  • Jul 3 German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea
  • Jul 4 1st American bombing missions over Nazi Germany-occupied Europe (WWII)

Historic Event

Jul 4 Siege of Sevastopol ends with the surrender of Soviet forces and after massive German bombing raids that leave just 11 city buildings undamaged

  • Jul 4 US air offensive against Nazi Germany begins
  • Jul 5 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Chôros 6/9/11
  • Jul 5 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • Jul 6 10th MLB All Star Game: AL wins 3-1 at Polo Grounds, NYC, AL runs are homers
  • Jul 6 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam
  • Jul 6 Von Hoth' IV Pantser army fights with Voronezj
  • Jul 7 Germany troop march into Woronezj

Knighthood

Jul 7 John Maynard Keynes takes his seat in the British House Of Lords as Baron Keynes of Tilton after being knighted

Sports History

Jul 7 Milt all star team (including Bob Feller) loses to AL all stars 5-0

  • Jul 10 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish women in Ravensbrück concentration camp, in northern Germany
  • Jul 10 Netherlands government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • Jul 13 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by Nazis
  • Jul 13 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • Jul 13 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • Jul 14 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • Jul 14 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jul 15 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • Jul 15 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • Jul 16 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • Jul 16 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
  • Jul 17 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
  • Jul 17 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record); flooding kills 15
  • Jul 17 Transport #6 departs Pithiviers, France with 928 French Jews sent to Aushwitz Concentration camp; 45 survive until the war's end
  • Jul 18 1st legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
  • Jul 18 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time
  • Jul 19 German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam and The Hague
  • Jul 19 US première of Dmitri Shostakovich' 7th Symphony in NYC by the NBC Symphony Orchestra under Arturo Toscanini in a concert broadcast nationwide on NBC radio
  • Jul 20 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
  • Jul 20 Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy taking 8-8; West Indian cricket domestic first class record
  • Jul 20 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by US congress
  • Jul 20 Time magazine puts Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich on its cover
  • Jul 21 8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Virginia
  • Jul 22 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • Jul 22 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins

Historic Event

Jul 22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

  • Jul 23 Adolf Hitler's Directive number 45: order for army to advance on Stalingrad
  • Jul 23 German troops conquer Rostow
  • Jul 23 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins
  • Jul 24 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time

Music Premiere

Jul 24 Irving Berlin's musical "This Is The Army" premieres in NYC

  • Jul 25 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • Jul 26 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
  • Jul 28 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • Jul 28 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
  • Jul 29 Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Boulevard, in honor of former Bronx Borough President and US Congressman, Henry Bruckner

Historic Event

Jul 30 FDR signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)

  • Jul 30 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • Jul 30 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Jul 31 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Aug 1 American Federation of Musicians labor union begins a strike over royalty payment disagreements, refusing to perform on commercial recordings. ban lasts over two years
  • Aug 1 Nazi German occupiers demand listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • Aug 1 Race riots in Harlem, New York City
  • Aug 2 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • Aug 2 Colonel general Hermann Hoth's Panzer army reaches Kotelnikovo
  • Aug 4 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
  • Aug 4 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo, Egypt

Historic Event

Aug 4 Colonel general Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad and welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

  • Aug 4 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • Aug 5 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • Aug 5 German troops cross Kuban River
  • Aug 6 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • Aug 6 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • Aug 6 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Historic Event

Aug 6 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

  • Aug 7 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • Aug 7 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • Aug 7 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 8 "Monty" appointed commander of British 8th Army at Alamein
  • Aug 8 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 8 British Flower class corvette HMS Dianthus sinks U-379
  • Aug 8 Soviet anti-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timosjenko
  • Aug 9 CBS radio broadcasts the debut of wartime series "Our Secret Weapon"
  • Aug 9 Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony, dedicated to city of Leningrad, performed in Leningrad by starving musicians and broadcast to German forces over loudspeakers during siege by Nazi forces

Historic Event

Aug 9 Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" motion and campaign by the All-India Congress

  • Aug 9 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • Aug 10 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland

Appointment of Interest

Aug 10 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

  • Aug 11 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • Aug 11 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • Aug 11 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle hit by 4 German torpedoed and sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, 81 miles south of Mallorca
  • Aug 11 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • Aug 12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow for a conference with Joseph Stalin and US representative W. Averrell Harriman