On This Day

Historical Events in 1942 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 646

Historic Event

Aug 14 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

  • Aug 15 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel

Historic Event

Aug 16 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow

  • Aug 17 Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on USS Hornet
  • Aug 17 Transport #20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force bombers stage first independent raid on Europe, attack Rouen, France
  • Aug 18 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
  • Aug 19 -20] Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab
  • Aug 19 World War II: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France

Historic Event

Aug 19 World War II: General Friedrich Paulus orders the German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad

  • Aug 20 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco
  • Aug 21 Walt Disney's animated movie "Bambi", based on the book by Felix Salten, is released
  • Aug 21 World War II: German soldiers plant the Nazi flag on Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus
  • Aug 21 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 23 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • Aug 23 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
  • Aug 23 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo, Egypt

Sports History

Aug 23 Walter Johnson pitches to Babe Ruth in pregame attraction that draws 69,000 for NYY-Washington MLB doubleheader at Yankee Stadium; raises $80,000 for Army-Navy relief

  • Aug 23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • Aug 24 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • Aug 24 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 25 SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht
  • Aug 26 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • Aug 26 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New Guinea
  • Aug 26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • Aug 26 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy

Historic Event

Aug 27 Soviet woman sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko arrives in Washington D.C., the 1st Soviet citizen welcomed at the White House, by Eleanor Roosevelt

  • Aug 28 9th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 21, All-Stars 0 (101,100)
  • Aug 28 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • Aug 28 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 30 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • Aug 31 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • Aug 31 U-boats sink and damage 131 allied ships this month (639,946 tons)
  • Sep 1 US Federal judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
  • Sep 1 German troops land on Taman peninsula
  • Sep 2 German troops enter Stalingrad
  • Sep 4 Transport #28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 5 Battle at Alam Halfa ends
  • Sep 5 British & US bomb Le Havre & Bremen
  • Sep 6 Czech marathon runner Oskar Hêks transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Sep 7 German occupiers take silver anniversary coins in battle
  • Sep 7 Transport #29 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 7 First flight of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator.
  • Sep 7 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Ted Schroeder wins his first of 2 Grand Slam events; beats countryman Frank Parker 8-6, 7-5, 3-6, 4-6, 6-2
  • Sep 7 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Pauline Betz beats fellow American Louise Brough Clapp 4-6, 6-1, 6-4 for her first of 3 straight US singles titles
  • Sep 9 1st bombing on continental US soil at Mount Emily, Oregon during WWII by Japanese planes
  • Sep 9 Compulsory work for women, children and old males in Batavia
  • Sep 10 British troops land on Madagascar
  • Sep 10 RAF drops 100,000 bombs on Dusseldorf
  • Sep 11 Transport #31 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Historic Publication

Sep 11 Enid Blyton publishes "Five on a Treasure Island" first of her "Famous Five" children's novels, start of one of the best-selling children's series ever with over 100 million sold

  • Sep 12 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 12 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • Sep 13 Battle of Edson's Ridge (2nd Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 13 Cubs shortstop Leonard Merullo makes 4 errors in 1 inning
  • Sep 13 German forces attack Stalingrad
  • Sep 14 Battle of Edson's Ridge (Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 14 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1
  • Sep 14 Yanks clinch pennant #13

Historic Event

Sep 14 US Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz presents the 1st Medal of Honor of WWII, for courage and valor beyond the call of duty during the attack on Pearl Harbor, to sailor John William Finn; ceremony took place in Pearl Harbor aboard USS Enterprise

  • Sep 15 US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 16 Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
  • Sep 18 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized for radio service
  • Sep 18 The order for "extermination of asocials through labour" is approved by Nazi Minister of Justice, Otto Thierack
  • Sep 20 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
  • Sep 21 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris
  • Sep 21 Transport #35 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 23 Soviet counter offensive at Stalingrad
  • Sep 23 Transport #36 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 27 Heavy German assault in Stalingrad
  • Sep 27 NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down
  • Sep 27 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of season
  • Sep 28 Luftwaffe bombs Stalingrad
  • Sep 28 NY Americans NHL team folded
  • Sep 29 32°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland, Ohio in September
  • Sep 29 French Government in exile of De Gaulle cancels agreement of Munich
  • Sep 30 Admiral Chester Nimitz's B-17 finds Guadalcanal using a National Geographic map
  • Sep 30 SS exterminates 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland in 6 week period
  • Oct 1 Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st US jet, makes maiden flight
  • Oct 1 Little Golden Books (children's books) begins publishing
  • Oct 2 RMS Queen Mary, carrying thousands of US troops, slices cruiser HMS Curacao in half, killing 239

Historic Event

Oct 3 FDR forms Office of Economic Stabilization

  • Oct 3 Launch of 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km)
  • Oct 3 NY Yankees shortstop Frank Crosetti shoves umpire Bill Summers in Game 3 of the Baseball World Series; he is fined $250 & suspended for first 30 days of 1943 season
  • Oct 3 Triple Crown winner Whirlaway, ridden by George Woolf wins the Jockey Club Gold Cup at Belmont Park to become the first thoroughbred to amass more than $500,000 in lifetime earnings
  • Oct 4 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • Oct 5 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred
  • Oct 5 Baseball World Series: St Louis Cardinals win club's 4th WS; beat NY Yankees, 4-2 at Yankee Stadium for 4-1 series victory

Historic Event

Oct 5 Budy Massacre at Auschwitz sub-camp, 90 French-Jewish women beaten to death by prison guards

  • Oct 6 Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
  • Oct 7 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys Nazi battalion in Stalingrad
  • Oct 7 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing (Netherlands)

Historic Event

Oct 7 Maxwell Anderson's "Eve of St Mark" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 7 US & UK government announce establishment of United Nations
  • Oct 8 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)

Radio History

Oct 8 Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launch their weekly radio show

  • Oct 9 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy
  • Oct 10 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • Oct 11 -Oct 12] Naval battle at Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 12 Successful Soviet counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • Oct 12 US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
  • Oct 14 Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
  • Oct 14 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
  • Oct 14 Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 15 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die

Music History

Oct 16 Aaron Copland and Agnes de Mille's ballet "Rodeo," premieres in NYC

  • Oct 16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
  • Oct 16 National Boxing Association freezes titles of those serving in armed services

Historic Event

Oct 18 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed

  • Oct 20 "Durham Manifesto" issued by the Southern Conference on Race Relations held in Durham, North Carolina, calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • Oct 22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • Oct 22 Operation Flagpole: US Major General Mark Clark & Brigadier General Lyman Lemnitzer meet Vichy French Général Charles Mast secretly in small fishing village of Cherchell, Algeria to finalize plans for Allied Invasion of North Africa

Film Premiere

Oct 22 "Now, Voyager" film directed by Irving Rapper, and starring Bette Davis, Paul Henreid and Claude Rains, premieres in New York; wins 3 Academy Awards

  • Oct 23 First ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
  • Oct 23 During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
  • Oct 23 German units go through Red October factory in Stalingrad
  • Oct 23 All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is composer Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory")
  • Oct 24 Second day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
  • Oct 25 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
  • Oct 25 Battle of Henderson Field Guadalcanal begins

Historic Event

Oct 25 Field Marshal Rommel back in North Africa

  • Oct 26 Second day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 26 Fourth day of battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough
  • Oct 26 Battle of Santa Cruz: Japanese naval offensive against US forces near Solomon Islands
  • Oct 27 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
  • Oct 27 US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
  • Oct 28 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • Oct 28 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
  • Oct 29 Seventh day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
  • Oct 29 Alaska highway completed

Appointment of Interest

Oct 29 Branch Rickey named president and General Manager of Brooklyn Dodgers

  • Oct 29 Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union
  • Oct 30 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • Oct 30 US aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea
  • Oct 31 U-boats sink and damage 120 allied ships this month (659,457 tons)
  • Oct 31 9th day of the Battle of El Alamein
  • Nov 1 10th day of battle at El Alamein
  • Nov 1 John H Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest
  • Nov 2 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • Nov 3 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault

Baseball Record

Nov 3 Boston Red Sox outfielder Ted Williams wins American League Triple Crown (.356 average, 36 HRs, 137 RBI); but NY Yankees pitcher Joe Gordon is AL MVP

  • Nov 3 William L Dawson elected to Congress from Chicago
  • Nov 4 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afrika Korps draws back
  • Nov 5 Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris
  • Nov 5 Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission
  • Nov 6 Nazis kill 12,000 Jews in the Minsk ghetto

Historic Event

Nov 6 Sukarno & Mohammed Hatta found Ampat Serangkai

  • Nov 7 1st US President to broadcast in a foreign language - FDR, in French
  • Nov 7 Italian cyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world hour record 45.798km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy
  • Nov 8 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)
  • Nov 8 Adolf Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall
  • Nov 8 Operation Torch; began as US and British forces under Eisenhower land in French North Africa
  • Nov 8 Vichy-France drops diplomatic relations with US
  • Nov 9 German occupiers install Erik Scavenius as Danish premier
  • Nov 9 Transport number 44 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Nov 10 Philip Barry's "Without Love" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 10 US troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey, Morocco
  • Nov 10 US-British troops occupies Oran, Algeria
  • Nov 11 WWII: British led Allied forces defeat Erwin Rommel's German and Italian Army Panzers in Second Battle of El-Alamein, North Africa, helping to secure the Suez Canal
  • Nov 11 -12] last German offensive in Stalingrad
  • Nov 11 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz
  • Nov 11 Germany completes its WWII occupation of France
  • Nov 11 Jews in the Free Zone of France ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • Nov 11 Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
  • Nov 11 Transport #45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • Nov 12 WWII Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces in Solomon Islands
  • Nov 13 Chaotic "sea battle of Friday the 13th" at Guadalcanal
  • Nov 13 Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18 in the US
  • Nov 14 -Nov 15th) Japanese/US sea battle at Savo-Island in Guadalcanal
  • Nov 14 Last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender
  • Nov 15 World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219.
  • Nov 16 Assault of US B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed

Historic Event

Nov 18 Thornton Wilder's "Skin of our Teeth" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Nov 19 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Netherlands"

  • Nov 19 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
  • Nov 19 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • Nov 20 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • Nov 20 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • Nov 20 NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over
  • Nov 21 Adolf Hitler names field marshal Erich von Manstein commander of the newly-created Army Group Don (Heeresgruppe Don)
  • Nov 22 General-major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov
  • Nov 22 Adolf Hitler orders Rommel's Africa Korps to fight to the last man
  • Nov 23 3rd & 5th Romanian army corps surrenders
  • Nov 23 US Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized
  • Nov 23 German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
  • Nov 23 Japanese bombing of Port Darwin, Australia

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

Nov 23 Chinese steward Poon Lim begins 133 days adrift after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat and he is the sole survivor

  • Nov 23 Soviet 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
  • Nov 24 German Fieldmarshal Erich von Manstein arrives in Starobelsk, Ukraine
  • Nov 24 French collaborator Marquis de Brinon establishes "African Falanx"
  • Nov 25 National Organization for Aid to Underground, LO, forms

Film Premiere

Nov 26 "Casablanca" directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman premieres at Hollywood Theater, NYC (Academy Awards Best Picture 1943)

  • Nov 26 Anti-fascist Council for National Liberation (AVNOJ) forms
  • Nov 27 French navy at Toulon scuttles ships & subs so Nazis cannot seize them

Historic Event

Nov 27 Tito appoints Anti-fascist Liberation board in Yugoslavia

  • Nov 28 492 die in a fire that destroyed Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston