Historical Events in 1943

Events 1 - 200 of 617

  • Jan 1 29th Rose Bowl: #2 Georgia beats #13 UCLA, 9-0
  • Jan 1 9th Orange Bowl: #10 Alabama beats #8 Boston College, 37-21
  • Jan 1 9th Sugar Bowl: #7 Tennessee beats #4 Tulsa, 14-7
  • Jan 1 Chicago Black Hawks field first trio of brothers to play together in an NHL game; Max, Doug and Reggie Bentley appear for the Hawks in a 6-5 win over the New York Rangers at Chicago Stadium
  • Jan 1 German officer Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
  • Jan 1 Negro Baseball League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown; admitted to hospital for rest and treatment; released in time for pre-season training
  • Jan 2 University of Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team begins 129 home game winning streak that only ends in 1955; incorporates NCAA titles in 1948, 1949 and 1951
  • Jan 3 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
  • Jan 3 Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa
  • Jan 3 Max and Doug Bentley assist on brother Reg's only NHL goal in Chicago Blackhawks' 3-3 tie with the Rangers in NYC; only time in NHL history trio of family members score and assist on a scoring play

Historic Event

Jan 4 Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph & His Brothers"

  • Jan 5 Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
  • Jan 5 William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
  • Jan 9 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars

Historic Event

Jan 10 1st US President to visit a foreign country in wartime - FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

  • Jan 10 Soviet offensive against German 6th and 4th Armies near Stalingrad
  • Jan 11 US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
  • Jan 12 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)

Historic Event

Jan 13 Adolf Hitler declares "Total War" against the Allies

Conference of Interest

Jan 13 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca, French Morocco for a conference of Allied forces in World War II

  • Jan 13 Soviet offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • Jan 13 US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
  • Jan 14 Montreal Canadiens' left wing Alex Smart becomes the first NHL rookie to score a hat trick in his first NHL game, a 5-1 win at home over the Chicago Black Hawks

Casablanca Conference

Jan 14 World War II: Casablanca Conference begins between Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and other Allied representatives

  • Jan 14 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel overseas by airplane
  • Jan 14 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, withdrawal of its troops from Guadalcanal
  • Jan 15 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon
  • Jan 15 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
  • Jan 15 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • Jan 15 World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed to house the US military
  • Jan 16 -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
  • Jan 16 1st US air raid on Ambon
  • Jan 16 German 2nd SS-Panzer division evacuates Charkow
  • Jan 16 Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
  • Jan 17 Tin Can Drive Day in the US, salvage collected for the war effort

Siege of Leningrad

Jan 18 Soviets announce they have broken the long siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany by opening a narrow land corridor, though the siege would not be fully lifted until a year later

  • Jan 18 US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts
  • Jan 19 Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
  • Jan 20 Lead, South Dakota, temperature is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood records -16°F

Historic Event

Jan 20 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans

  • Jan 21 Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet
  • Jan 21 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
  • Jan 21 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • Jan 22 66.34 cm (26.12") precipitation over 24 hour period in Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • Jan 22 Allied Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion of Sicily for July 10th
  • Jan 22 Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, South Dakota
  • Jan 23 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • Jan 23 Detroit Red Wings scores NHL record 8 goals in 1 period

Music History

Jan 23 Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time

  • Jan 23 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
  • Jan 24 Adolf Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death

Historic Event

Jan 24 Jewish patients, nurses and doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau

  • Jan 27 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
  • Jan 28 Chic Blackhawks beats NY Rangers 10-1, Max Bentley scores 4 goals
  • Jan 29 New Zealand cruiser Kiwi collides with Japanese submarine I-1 at Guadalcanal
  • Jan 29 Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 29 U.S. cruiser "Chicago" is heavily damaged by Japanese bombers on the first day of the Battle of Rennell Island
  • Jan 30 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
  • Jan 30 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • Jan 30 German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • Jan 30 Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
  • Jan 30 USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
  • Jan 31 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan

Victory in Battle

Jan 31 Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to Soviet troops at Stalingrad

Historic Event

Feb 1 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier

  • Feb 1 Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • Feb 2 Cubs return to original uniform after experimenting with a vest
  • Feb 2 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad in a major turning point in Europe during World War II
  • Feb 3 "The Four Chaplains" drown after giving up their life jackets to others as the US Army transport ship Dorchester sinks in the North Atlantic [1]

Theater Premiere

Feb 4 Bertolt Brecht's play "The Good Person of Szechwan" premieres in Zurich

  • Feb 5 Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt
  • Feb 5 Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission

Sports History

Feb 5 Jake LaMotta defeats future multi-weight world boxing champion Sugar Ray Robinson by unanimous points decision in Detroit in the 2nd of their 6 meetings; his only win of their rivalry; Robinson’s first loss in his first 40 pro bouts

  • Feb 6 1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down

Radio Premiere

Feb 6 Singer Frank Sinatra debuts on radio's "Your Hit Parade"

  • Feb 7 Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
  • Feb 8 Red Army recaptures Kursk on the eastern front
  • Feb 9 Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ending the epic World War II battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific
  • Feb 9 National League of Baseball seeks a buyer for the Philadelphia Phillies as owner Gerry Nugent falls in arrears
  • Feb 9 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an executive order setting a minimum 48-hour work week in a number of critical war industries
  • Feb 10 "Manifesto of Algerian People" calls for equality & self-determination
  • Feb 10 British 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia
  • Feb 10 Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau
  • Feb 11 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Historic Event

Feb 11 US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased

  • Feb 12 General Eisenhower departs Algiers for Tebessa
  • Feb 13 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower visits front
  • Feb 13 Women's US Marine Corps created
  • Feb 14 German offensive against US troops through de Faid-pass, Tunisia begins, starting the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid
  • Feb 14 The Soviet Union recaptures the city of Rostov-on-Don, liberating Russia from the German 17th Army during WWII

We Can Do It!

Feb 15 Wartime propaganda poster "We Can Do It!" produced by J. Howard Miller and posted on the walls of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company's plants in the Midwest

  • Feb 15 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
  • Feb 16 -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)
  • Feb 16 British premier Winston Churchill contracts pneumonia
  • Feb 16 Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
  • Feb 16 Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North Africa
  • Feb 16 World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov
  • Feb 17 Adolf Hitler visits field marshal Erich von Manstein's headquarters in Zaporozje, Ukraine and stays until the 19th

Historic Event

Feb 17 Dow Chemical and Corning Glass Works form a joint venture to explore and produce silicon materials, based off of the work of James Franklin Hyde

  • Feb 17 Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews

Historic Event

Feb 17 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Washington, D.C.

Sports History

Feb 17 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio enlists into the US army

  • Feb 18 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
  • Feb 18 A syndicate headed by New York lumberman William D Cox buys MLB's Philadelphia Phillies for $850,000; 33 year-old Cox is youngest owner in baseball
  • Feb 18 German Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbells demands "total war" from German citizens in speech at Berlin Sportpalast
  • Feb 18 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • Feb 19 German tanks under Major General Karl Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass, Tunisia
  • Feb 20 Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
  • Feb 20 American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
  • Feb 20 New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn field (Mexico)
  • Feb 20 Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
  • Feb 21 Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
  • Feb 22 Members of White Rose student resistance group are executed in Nazi Germany

Plane Crash

Feb 22 Plane crash in the Tagus River, Lisbon, Portugal kills 23 with 15 survivors including singer Jane Froman

  • Feb 23 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • Feb 23 Major General Omar Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
  • Feb 24 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Algiers
  • Feb 24 Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II
  • Feb 25 Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front
  • Feb 26 German assault moves to Beja, North Tunisia
  • Feb 27 The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
  • Feb 27 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men
  • Mar 1 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • Mar 2 1st transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp
  • Mar 3 Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy
  • Mar 3 Bethnal Green Tube disaster: 173 die in a stampede sheltering in an air raid, UK's greatest loss of civilian life in WWII (details censored till January 20 1945)
  • Mar 3 F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 4 Transport #50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
  • Mar 5 Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • Mar 5 RAF bombs Essen Germany

Battle of Interest

Mar 6 Battle at Medenine, North Africa: Rommel's counterattack

Historic Event

Mar 6 Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers

Historic Event

Mar 7 US General George S. Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif, Tunisia

  • Mar 8 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • Mar 8 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
  • Mar 8 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 9 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
  • Mar 9 Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
  • Mar 11 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
  • Mar 12 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
  • Mar 13 Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata)
  • Mar 13 Failed assassin attempt on Adolf Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
  • Mar 13 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)

Historic Event

Mar 13 Nazis liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków; Oskar Schindler with advance information, saves his workers by keeping them in his factory overnight

Historic Event

Mar 14 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"

  • Mar 15 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • Mar 15 Red Army evacuates Kharkov
  • Mar 16 Ships Elin K (Norway) and Zaanland (Netherlands) torpedoed by German U-boats and sink
  • Mar 17 Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 17 F. Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 17 Physician Willem J. Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, in the Netherlands
  • Mar 18 British merchant vessel "Canadian Star" is torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic by German U-boat U-221, 34 die with 54 survivors [1]
  • Mar 18 Red Army evacuates Belgorod
  • Mar 18 Ships James Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Netherlands), torpedoed & sink
  • Mar 19 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • Mar 19 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard
  • Mar 19 In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round
  • Mar 20 German U-384 bombed & sinks
  • Mar 21 Assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler fails
  • Mar 21 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • Mar 22 Dutch SS police chief Hans Albin Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
  • Mar 22 Dutch work week extended to 54 hour
  • Mar 22 Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
  • Mar 23 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • Mar 25 97% of all Dutch physicians strike against Nazi registration

Radio Premiere

Mar 25 Jimmy Durante & Garry Moore premiere on radio

  • Mar 26 Battle of Komandorski Islands, naval battle between American navy and Japanese Imperial forces in the Pacific Ocean, ends inconclusively
  • Mar 26 Elsie S. Ott is 1st woman to be awarded US Air Force Medal
  • Mar 27 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau

Radio Premiere

Mar 27 Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

  • Mar 27 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia
  • Mar 29 Meat (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's), butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II
  • Mar 30 5th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Wyoming beats Georgetown, 46-34; Cowboys' point guard Ken Sailors is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • Mar 30 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • Mar 31 Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "Oklahoma!" opens at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 2,212 performances
  • Mar 31 US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
  • Apr 1 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, is arrested by the Nazis

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

Apr 5 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman family after being adrift 133 days, after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat

  • Apr 5 Mortsel, Belgium: Allies target Minerva car factory, used for repairing Luftwaffe planes for bombing raid; collateral damage from missed targets kills 936 civilians, Belgium's greatest loss of WWII
  • Apr 6 British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II
  • Apr 6 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • Apr 6 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested
  • Apr 7 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg
  • Apr 7 British and US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • Apr 7 German Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
  • Apr 7 NFL adopts free substitution rule; helmets made mandatory and 10-game schedule for all teams approved
  • Apr 8 1943 NFL Draft: Frank Sinkwich from University of Georgia first pick by Detroit Lions
  • Apr 8 Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma
  • Apr 8 Stanley Cup Final, Boston Garden, Boston, MA: Detroit Red Wings beat Boston Bruins, 2-0 for a 4-0 series sweep and their 3rd SC Championship
  • Apr 8 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.
  • Apr 10 12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape Nazis
  • Apr 10 General Montgomery occupies Sfax, Tunisia
  • Apr 11 Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
  • Apr 12 Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa
  • Apr 12 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • Apr 13 Catholic University Nijegen closes