On This Day

Historical Events in April 1943

  • Apr 1 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, is arrested by the Nazis
  • Apr 5 Mortsel, Belgium: Allies target Minerva car factory, used for repairing Luftwaffe planes for bombing raid; collateral damage from missed targets kills 936 civilians, Belgium's greatest loss of WWII

World RecordPoon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

Apr 5 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman family after being adrift 133 days, after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat

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Poon Lim and his raft, photo made on request of the US Navy for its Survival Training.
Poon Lim and his raft, photo made on request of the US Navy for its Survival Training.
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  • Apr 6 British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II
  • Apr 6 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • Apr 6 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Apr 7 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 7 British and US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • Apr 7 Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
  • Apr 7 NFL adopts free substitution rule; helmets made mandatory and 10-game schedule for all teams approved
  • Apr 8 Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma
  • Apr 8 Stanley Cup Final, Boston Garden, Boston, MA: Detroit Red Wings beat Boston Bruins, 2-0 for a 4-0 series sweep and their 3rd SC Championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 8 1943 NFL Draft: Frank Sinkwich from University of Georgia first pick by Detroit Lions
  • Apr 10 12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape Nazis
  • Apr 10 General Montgomery occupies Sfax, Tunisia

  • Apr 11 Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft
  • Apr 12 Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa
  • Apr 12 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • Apr 13 Catholic University Nijegen closes
  • Apr 13 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial
  • Apr 13 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 14 James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC

BattleBattle of Interest

Apr 14 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later

WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor Isoroku Yamamoto
WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Isoroku Yamamoto
  • Apr 15 Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase
  • Apr 16 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)
  • Apr 16 Swiss scientist Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD
  • Apr 17 Marshal Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul
  • Apr 17 SS General Jürgen Stroop arrives in Warsaw

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

Apr 18 Operation Vengeance: US Army Air Force P-38G fighter aircraft from Kukum Field on Guadalcanal ambush and shoot down the transport bomber aircraft of Isoroku Yamamoto, commander-in-chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy and mastermind behind the Pearl Harbor attack

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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
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  • Apr 19 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8; his 2nd of 4 wins in the event

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 Jews refuse to surrender the Warsaw Ghetto to SS officer Jürgen Stroop, who then orders its destruction, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • Apr 19 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg

Baseball Hall of Fame Manager Casey Stengel
Baseball Hall of Fame Manager
Casey Stengel
  • Apr 22 German counter attack in North Tunisia

  • Apr 22 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • Apr 23 British & US offensive directed at Tunis and Bizerta
  • Apr 25 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket instituted
  • Apr 27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 Witold Pilecki escapes from Auschwitz after having voluntarily been imprisoned there to gain information about the Holocaust

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • Apr 28 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
  • Apr 28 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
  • Apr 28 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara, North Tunisia
  • Apr 29 Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by Nazis

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Apr 29 Noël Coward's comic play "Present Laughter" premieres in London

Playwright, Director and Singer Noël Coward
Playwright, Director and Singer
Noël Coward
  • Apr 29 US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
  • Apr 30 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
  • Apr 30 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • Apr 30 Noël Coward's play "This Happy Breed" premieres in London