On This Day

Historical Events in August 1943

  • Aug 1 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
  • Aug 1 Race riot in Harlem, NYC
  • Aug 1 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383

Historic Event

Aug 2 Lt John F. Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands

  • Aug 2 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-706 and U-106
  • Aug 2 Armed revolt by 800 prisoners at Treblinka Extermination Camp: crematorium destroyed; 200 escape the compound, but only 100 survive

Historic Event

Aug 3 General Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice

  • Aug 3 Nazi occupiers attack city of Orel, leave it on fire

Historic Event

Aug 4 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada

  • Aug 4 Soviet units reach suburbs of Orel
  • Aug 4 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina
  • Aug 5 Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarters
  • Aug 5 Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod
  • Aug 5 World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky
  • Aug 6 US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
  • Aug 7 Red Army recaptures Bogodukov
  • Aug 8 Common Chiefs of staff meet in Quebec
  • Aug 8 US amphibians land at St Agata on North coast of Sicily
  • Aug 8 Vegetables & fruit rationed in Holland
  • Aug 9 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich
  • Aug 10 Dutch submarine attacks Hertenbeest Island, NW Bali
  • Aug 10 US General George S. Patton calls injured soldier "cowardly"

Historic Event

Aug 10 Adolf Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots

  • Aug 11 Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov

Music Premiere

Aug 11 Richard Strauss' Second Horn Concert, premieres

  • Aug 11 US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily
  • Aug 12 Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • Aug 13 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk from the German army in Kaluga Oblast, Russia
  • Aug 14 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
  • Aug 14 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • Aug 14 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina
  • Aug 15 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • Aug 16 1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily)
  • Aug 16 Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 17 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde (development base for the V weapons)
  • Aug 17 General Patton enters Messina, completing conquest of Sicily by Allies
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during attack on Schweinfurt and Regensburg

Sports History

Aug 18 Giants future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd and final game as NY beats Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-2 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

Historic Event

Aug 18 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz

  • Aug 18 Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia
  • Aug 19 Belgian church excommunicates Nazi collaborator Léon Degrelle
  • Aug 19 US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
  • Aug 21 Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington
  • Aug 21 Japan leaves Aleutian Islands
  • Aug 22 Soviet troops free Karkov
  • Aug 23 Red army recaptures Charkow
  • Aug 24 Philadelphia A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
  • Aug 25 10th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 27, Washington 7 (48,471)
  • Aug 25 German occupiers impose 72-hour work week

Appointment of Interest

Aug 25 Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia

  • Aug 25 Red Army under Gen Vatutin recaptures Achtyrka
  • Aug 25 US forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II
  • Aug 28 Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers

Historic Event

Aug 28 Benito Mussolini transferred from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso

  • Aug 29 Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany
  • Aug 31 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • Aug 31 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo