Historical Events in June 1943

  • Jun 1 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, 13 passengers, included actor Leslie Howard, and 4 crew die
  • Jun 1 Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Rip Sewell patents his "eephus" or "blooper ball" pitch; uses pitch on way to a 20-win campaign
  • Jun 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • Jun 2 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins

Zoot Suit Riots

Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

  • Jun 3 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms

Historic Event

Jun 4 Argentina taken over by General Rawson & Colonel Juan Perón

  • Jun 4 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • Jun 5 75th Belmont: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:28.2
  • Jun 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • Jun 5 Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • Jun 9 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized

Historic Event

Jun 10 FDR becomes 1st US President to visit a foreign country during wartime

  • Jun 10 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

Historic Event

Jun 10 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland

  • Jun 11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • Jun 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • Jun 15 Race riot in Beaumont, Texas erupts killing 2

Sports History

Jun 17 Player-manager Joe Cronin of Red Sox hits two 3-run pinch home runs

  • Jun 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence 12 resistance fighters to death for the fire-bombing at the census records bureau in March
  • Jun 19 NFL's Philadelphia Eagles & Pittsburgh Steelers merge, (dissolves on Dec 5)
  • Jun 20 Chubb Crater (now called Pingualuit Crater) discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km diameter)
  • Jun 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago
  • Jun 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • Jun 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead

Historic Event

Jun 22 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross

Historic Event

Jun 22 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

  • Jun 23 British ambassador to Portugal Ronald Hugh Campbell invokes the almost 600 year old Anglo-Portuguese alliance between the two countries to request the use of military facilities on the Azores [1]
  • Jun 23 Dutch artsens protest against Nazis

Historic Event

Jun 23 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

  • Jun 25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • Jun 25 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • Jun 25 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • Jun 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • Jun 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
  • Jun 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe

Catholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)

  • Jun 29 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea

Historic Event

Jun 30 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)