On This Day

Historical Events in October 1943

  • Oct 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • Oct 1 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • Oct 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • Oct 1 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • Oct 2 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • Oct 2 New York Yankees sweep 14th MLB doubleheader of year, beating St. Louis Browns, 5-1 & 7-6 at Yankee Stadium
  • Oct 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • Oct 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • Oct 4 Corsica freed by Free French
  • Oct 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • Oct 5 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • Oct 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island

Historic Event

Oct 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"

  • Oct 7 Weill, Perelman and Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • Oct 10 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • Oct 11 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees become first team to win 10 Championships; beat St. Louis Cardinals, 2-0 at Sportsman's Park for 4 games to 1 series triumph
  • Oct 12 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • Oct 14 600 Jewish prisoners mount an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland, 300 successfully escape

Historic Event

Oct 14 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

  • Oct 14 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • Oct 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • Oct 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • Oct 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • Oct 16 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • Oct 17 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631

Death Railway Completed

Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army

  • Oct 18 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • Oct 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • Oct 19 Theater Guild presentation of Shakespeare's "Othello", starring Paul Robeson, opens at the Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 296 performances
  • Oct 19 New York Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces his retirement
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University in Pistcaway, New Jersey
  • Oct 23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches extermination camp Birkenau
  • Oct 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • Oct 25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • Oct 26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • Oct 28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • Oct 29 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3

Historic Event

Oct 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

  • Oct 30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukrainian Front

Sports History

Oct 31 Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Bkln (48-10)

  • Oct 31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.