Historical Events in 1943 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 617

Historic Event

Apr 13 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

  • Apr 13 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn

Battle of Interest

Apr 14 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later

Historic Event

Apr 14 Generals Alexander, Eisenhower, Anderson and Bradley discuss assault on Tunis

  • Apr 14 James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 15 Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase
  • Apr 16 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)

Scientific Discovery

Apr 16 Swiss scientist Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD

  • Apr 17 Marshal Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul
  • Apr 17 SS General Jürgen Stroop arrives in Warsaw

Attack on Pearl Harbor

Apr 18 Operation Vengeance: US Army Air Force P-38G fighter aircraft from Kukum Field on Guadalcanal ambush and shoot down the transport bomber aircraft of Isoroku Yamamoto, commander-in-chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy and mastermind behind the Pearl Harbor attack

  • Apr 19 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8; his 2nd of 4 wins in the event
  • Apr 19 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time

Historic Event

Apr 19 Jews refuse to surrender the Warsaw Ghetto to SS officer Jürgen Stroop, who then orders its destruction, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Sports History

Apr 20 Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg

  • Apr 22 German counter attack in North Tunisia
  • Apr 22 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • Apr 23 British & US offensive directed at Tunis and Bizerta
  • Apr 25 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket instituted
  • Apr 27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London

Historic Event

Apr 27 Witold Pilecki escapes from Auschwitz after having voluntarily been imprisoned there to gain information about the Holocaust

  • Apr 28 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
  • Apr 28 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
  • Apr 28 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara, North Tunisia
  • Apr 29 German pastor and anti-Nazi dissident Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by the Gestapo

Theater Premiere

Apr 29 Noël Coward's comic play "Present Laughter" premieres in London

  • Apr 29 US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
  • Apr 30 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
  • Apr 30 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • Apr 30 Noël Coward's play "This Happy Breed" premieres in London
  • May 1 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
  • May 1 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden wins aboard heavy favourite Count Fleet in the 'street car Derby'
  • May 1 Food rationing begins in the United States during World War II
  • May 1 German plane sinks the British ship SS Erinpura in the Mediterranean with the loss of 799 lives
  • May 1 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • May 1 SS General Hanns Albin Rauter announces that all Jews will be 'removed' from the occupied Netherlands
  • May 2 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia

Historic Event

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • May 3 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • May 3 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • May 4 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
  • May 5 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
  • May 6 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • May 7 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • May 7 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps

Historic Event

May 7 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched

  • May 7 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • May 7 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
  • May 8 68th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4
  • May 8 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
  • May 9 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia
  • May 9 Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens

Victory in Battle

May 11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

  • May 11 US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
  • May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Historic Event

May 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

  • May 12 German troops in Tunisia, North Africa, surrender
  • May 13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • May 13 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands
  • May 14 Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine
  • May 15 Halifax bombers sinks U-463

Historic Event

May 15 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International) to avoid upsetting his Western allies with claims he was trying to foment revolution globally

Historic Event

May 16 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs

  • May 16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300

Historic Event

May 17 Millionaire Howard Hughes crashes into Lake Mead, while test flying his Sikorsky S-43, killing CAA inspector Ceco Cline and Richard Felt

  • May 17 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • May 17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams
  • May 18 Allied bombers attack Pantelleria, an Italian island 100 km southwest of Sicily
  • May 19 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • May 19 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan
  • May 20 French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia
  • May 21 Fastest 9 inning AL baseball night game (89 mins), Chicago White Sox beat visiting Washington Senators, 1-0
  • May 22 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
  • May 23 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Historic Event

May 23 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Historic Event

May 24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

  • May 24 Final entry in the Stroop Report, detailing the destruction of the Jewish Warsaw Ghetto, compiled by Nazi officers, later used as evidence in the Nuremberg trials
  • May 24 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje

Radio History

May 25 Agnes Moorehead appears in "Sorry, Wrong Number" on the radio program "Suspense", her most successful appearance

  • May 25 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • May 25 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
  • May 26 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • May 26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • May 26 Prime Minister Winston Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • May 27 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
  • May 29 Conference at of Algiers between Winston Churchill, George Marshall and General Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 29 Meat and cheese rationed in US

Historic Event

May 30 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

  • May 30 US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
  • May 31 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • May 31 42 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month
  • May 31 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
  • Jun 1 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, 13 passengers, included actor Leslie Howard, and 4 crew die
  • Jun 1 Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Rip Sewell patents his "eephus" or "blooper ball" pitch; uses pitch on way to a 20-win campaign
  • Jun 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • Jun 2 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins

Zoot Suit Riots

Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

  • Jun 3 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms

Historic Event

Jun 4 Argentina taken over by General Rawson & Colonel Juan Perón

  • Jun 4 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • Jun 5 75th Belmont: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:28.2
  • Jun 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • Jun 5 Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • Jun 9 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized
  • Jun 10 FDR becomes 1st US President to visit a foreign country during wartime
  • Jun 10 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

Historic Event

Jun 10 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland

  • Jun 11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • Jun 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • Jun 15 Race riot in Beaumont, Texas erupts killing 2

Sports History

Jun 17 Player-manager Joe Cronin of Red Sox hits two 3-run pinch home runs

  • Jun 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence 12 resistance fighters to death for the fire-bombing at the census records bureau in March
  • Jun 19 NFL's Philadelphia Eagles & Pittsburgh Steelers merge, (dissolves on Dec 5)
  • Jun 20 Chubb Crater (now called Pingualuit Crater) discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km diameter)
  • Jun 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago
  • Jun 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • Jun 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead
  • Jun 22 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross

Historic Event

Jun 22 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

  • Jun 23 British ambassador to Portugal Ronald Hugh Campbell invokes the almost 600 year old Anglo-Portuguese alliance between the two countries to request the use of military facilities on the Azores [1]
  • Jun 23 Dutch artsens protest against Nazis

Historic Event

Jun 23 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

  • Jun 25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • Jun 25 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • Jun 25 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • Jun 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • Jun 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
  • Jun 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe

Catholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)

  • Jun 29 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea

Historic Event

Jun 30 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

  • Jul 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • Jul 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • Jul 2 Lieutenant Charles Hall becomes 1st African American pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • Jul 3 British Liberator bomber sinks German U-628 in Bay of Biscay
  • Jul 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • Jul 5 Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: Nazi German Panzer Division assault begins what becomes the largest tank in history
  • Jul 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • Jul 5 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • Jul 6 2nd day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: 25,000 Germans killed
  • Jul 6 US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched

Historic Event

Jul 7 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

  • Jul 7 3rd day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: Germans occupy Dubrova Luftwaffe fighter ace shoots down 7 Russian aircraft
  • Jul 7 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • Jul 7 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • Jul 8 4th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel - Nazi General Model uses last tank reserve
  • Jul 8 British air raid sinks U-232
  • Jul 8 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
  • Jul 8 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta, Tunisia
  • Jul 9 5th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel - Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • Jul 9 British air raid sinks U-435
  • Jul 10 6th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel continues
  • Jul 10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • Jul 11 7th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel continues
  • Jul 11 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily
  • Jul 11 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • Jul 11 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • Jul 11 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • Jul 12 8th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Kutuzov (Soviet counter-offensive begins
  • Jul 12 Battle of Kolombangara (Second Battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • Jul 12 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
  • Jul 12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
  • Jul 12 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • Jul 12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • Jul 13 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • Jul 17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • Jul 18 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • Jul 18 Giants and Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, NY wins, 10-6
  • Jul 19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II

Historic Event

Jul 20 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Chester Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

Film Premiere

Jul 21 Musical film "Stormy Weather", directed by Andrew L. Stone, starring Bill Robinson, Lena Horne and Fats Waller (singing "Ain't Misbehavin'") premieres in the US

Historic Event

Jul 22 US forces led by General George S. Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily

  • Jul 23 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini (Sicily)
  • Jul 24 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
  • Jul 25 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Fall of Benito Mussolini

Jul 25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

  • Jul 25 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • Jul 25 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Jul 26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • Jul 27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg

Historic Event

Jul 28 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

  • Jul 28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • Jul 28 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US
  • Jul 29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • Jul 29 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam
  • Jul 30 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • Jul 31 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • Aug 1 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
  • Aug 1 Race riot in Harlem, NYC
  • Aug 1 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383
  • Aug 2 Armed revolt by 800 prisoners at Treblinka Extermination Camp: crematorium destroyed; 200 escape the compound, but only 100 survive

Historic Event

Aug 2 Lt John F. Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands

  • Aug 2 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-706 and U-106
  • Aug 3 General George S. Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice
  • Aug 3 Nazi occupiers attack city of Orel, leave it on fire
  • Aug 4 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
  • Aug 4 Soviet units reach suburbs of Orel
  • Aug 4 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina