Historical Events in 1943 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 617

  • Aug 5 Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarters
  • Aug 5 Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod
  • Aug 5 World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky
  • Aug 6 US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
  • Aug 7 Red Army recaptures Bogodukov
  • Aug 8 Common Chiefs of staff meet in Quebec
  • Aug 8 US amphibians land at St Agata on North coast of Sicily
  • Aug 8 Vegetables & fruit rationed in Holland

Theater Premiere

Aug 9 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich

Historic Event

Aug 10 Adolf Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots

  • Aug 10 Dutch submarine attacks Hertenbeest Island, NW Bali

Historic Event

Aug 10 US General George S. Patton calls injured soldier "cowardly"

  • Aug 11 Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov

Music Premiere

Aug 11 Richard Strauss' Second Horn Concert, premieres

  • Aug 11 US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily
  • Aug 12 Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • Aug 13 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk from the German army in Kaluga Oblast, Russia
  • Aug 14 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
  • Aug 14 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • Aug 14 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina
  • Aug 15 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • Aug 16 1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily)
  • Aug 16 Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 17 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde (development base for the V weapons)
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during attack on Schweinfurt and Regensburg
  • Aug 17 US General George S. Patton enters Messina, completing the Allied conquest of Sicily

Historic Event

Aug 18 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz

Sports History

Aug 18 Giants future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd and final game as NY beats Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-2 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

  • Aug 18 Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia
  • Aug 19 Belgian church excommunicates Nazi collaborator Léon Degrelle
  • Aug 19 US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
  • Aug 21 Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington
  • Aug 21 Japan leaves Aleutian Islands
  • Aug 22 Soviet troops free Karkov
  • Aug 23 50th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Largest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany; over 10,000 tanks take part, nearly 250,000 combatants killed
  • Aug 23 Red army recaptures Charkow
  • Aug 24 Philadelphia A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
  • Aug 25 10th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 27, Washington 7 (48,471)

Appointment of Interest

Aug 25 Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia

  • Aug 25 German occupiers impose 72-hour work week
  • Aug 25 Red Army under Gen Vatutin recaptures Achtyrka
  • Aug 25 US forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II

Historic Event

Aug 28 Benito Mussolini transferred from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso

  • Aug 28 Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers
  • Aug 29 Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany
  • Aug 31 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • Aug 31 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo

Historic Event

Sep 1 Chiang Kai-shek again becomes Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China

  • Sep 3 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • Sep 3 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily
  • Sep 4 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • Sep 5 US airland at Nadzab, New Guinea
  • Sep 6 "Congressional Limited" train derails near Frankfort, Philadelphia, kills 79
  • Sep 6 Carl Scheib becomes youngest pitcher in American League history at 16years, 8 months

US Men's Tennis Open

Sep 6 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Joe Hunt beats fellow American Jack Kramer 6-3, 6-8, 10-8, 6-0 for his lone major title

US Open Women's Tennis

Sep 6 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Pauline Betz successfully defends title; beats Louise Brough Clapp 6-3, 5-7, 6-3

  • Sep 7 987 Dutch Jewish transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • Sep 7 Fire in decrepit old Gulf Hotel kills 45 (Houston, Texas)
  • Sep 8 Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII

Historic Event

Sep 8 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers from Sicily

  • Sep 8 NY Giants' pitcher Ace Adams sets record by working in his 62nd game
  • Sep 9 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
  • Sep 9 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies from Algiers to Marrakech/Prestwick
  • Sep 9 Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
  • Sep 9 US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
  • Sep 10 British 8th army occupies Tarento, Italy
  • Sep 10 German troops occupy Rome and take took over the protection of Vatican City
  • Sep 10 Italian fleet anchors at Malta
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley arrives in Prestwick/London
  • Sep 11 Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy
  • Sep 11 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • Sep 11 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island / Rapa Nui
  • Sep 11 US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Sep 12 Free French lands on Corsica
  • Sep 12 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso
  • Sep 13 German counter attack at Salerno
  • Sep 13 The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe
  • Sep 14 Yanks clinch pennant #14
  • Sep 15 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
  • Sep 15 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
  • Sep 15 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
  • Sep 16 Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
  • Sep 16 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
  • Sep 17 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
  • Sep 17 World War II: Soviet city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazi control
  • Sep 18 Adolf Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)
  • Sep 18 Cardinals clinch NL pennant
  • Sep 19 Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
  • Sep 19 Liberator bombers sinks U-341
  • Sep 20 Liberator bomber sinks U-338
  • Sep 21 Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
  • Sep 21 Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
  • Sep 21 Soviet 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
  • Sep 21 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
  • Sep 22 British dwarf submarines attack German battleship Tirpitz
  • Sep 22 Destroyer HMS Itchen torpedoed and sinks
  • Sep 22 Destroyer HMS Keppel sinks U-229
  • Sep 24 Soviet forces reconquer Smolensk
  • Sep 25 Soviet troops liberate Smolensk
  • Sep 27 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • Sep 27 Dutch opposition newspaper "The Slogan" publishes KZ-Lower letter
  • Sep 29 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel
  • Sep 29 Zjadovs 5th Gardeleger/Managarovs 53rd Army reconquer Kremenchuk (Ukraine)

Catholic Encyclical

Sep 30 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit

  • Oct 1 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • Oct 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • Oct 1 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • Oct 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • Oct 2 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • Oct 2 New York Yankees sweep 14th MLB doubleheader of year, beating St. Louis Browns, 5-1 & 7-6 at Yankee Stadium
  • Oct 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • Oct 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • Oct 4 Corsica freed by Free French
  • Oct 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • Oct 5 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • Oct 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island

Historic Event

Oct 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"

  • Oct 7 Weill, Perelman and Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • Oct 10 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • Oct 11 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees become first team to win 10 Championships; beat St. Louis Cardinals, 2-0 at Sportsman's Park for 4 games to 1 series triumph
  • Oct 12 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • Oct 14 600 Jewish prisoners mount an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland, 300 successfully escape

Historic Event

Oct 14 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

  • Oct 14 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • Oct 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • Oct 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • Oct 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • Oct 16 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol

Death Railway Completed

Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army

  • Oct 17 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
  • Oct 18 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • Oct 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • Oct 19 New York Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces his retirement
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University in Pistcaway, New Jersey
  • Oct 19 Theater Guild presentation of Shakespeare's "Othello", starring Paul Robeson, opens at the Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 296 performances
  • Oct 23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches extermination camp Birkenau
  • Oct 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • Oct 25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • Oct 26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • Oct 28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • Oct 29 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3

Historic Event

Oct 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

  • Oct 30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukrainian Front

Sports History

Oct 31 Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Bkln (48-10)

  • Oct 31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.
  • Nov 1 Dim-out ban lifted in San Francisco Bay area
  • Nov 1 US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island
  • Nov 2 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed

Music Premiere

Nov 3 Dmitri Shostakovich's 8th Symphony premieres in Moscow

  • Nov 3 P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North Holland
  • Nov 5 Vatican in Rome bombed by unknown source
  • Nov 6 "Catulli Carmina (Songs of Catullus)", the second work of Carl Orff's Trionfi cantata trilogy premieres at the Leipzig Opera
  • Nov 6 Soviet forces reconquer Kiev
  • Nov 6 Soviet troops land on Kertsj peninsula
  • Nov 7 Detroit Lions 0, NY Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL
  • Nov 8 France arrests government of Lebanon after they abolish the French mandate

Sports History

Nov 11 New York Yankees pitcher Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; St. Louis Cardinals outfielder Stan Musial wins NL MVP

  • Nov 11 US air raid on Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
  • Nov 12 Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands
  • Nov 14 Chic Bear Sid Luckman passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Giants (56-7)
  • Nov 14 J Postma, C Schalker, D Goulooze arrested for leading illegal CPN
  • Nov 16 World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • Nov 18 444 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Nov 18 First US ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated
  • Nov 18 U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 19 U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 20 U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 20 US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
  • Nov 21 7 Belgian ministers in London criticise King Leopold III for surrendering to Germany
  • Nov 22 British RAF begins air bombing of Berlin, Germany
  • Nov 22 France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprisoned Lebanese government
  • Nov 22 US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island in the South Pacific
  • Nov 23 1st printing of illegal "Warheid"
  • Nov 23 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operations
  • Nov 23 Philadelphia Phillies owner William D. Cox is permanently banned from baseball for having bet on his own team
  • Nov 23 US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japanese
  • Nov 25 U-600 sinks in Atlantic Ocean

Film Release

Nov 26 MGM releases last of 9 Judy Garland-Mickey Rooney movies - "Girl Crazy", a film adaptation of George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin's stage musical

  • Nov 27 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Hamilton Flying Wildcats defeat Winnipeg RCAF Bombers, 23-14
  • Nov 28 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin meet at the Tehran Conference in Iran to map out strategy

Historic Event

Nov 29 Partisan Tito forms temporary government in Jajce, Bosnia

  • Nov 29 U-86 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 29 US aircraft carrier Hornet launched

Conference of Interest

Dec 1 At the end of the Tehran Conference, the Big Three (Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt) agree that the invasion of Normandy should take place in May 1944

  • Dec 2 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
  • Dec 3 9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (QB)

Music Premiere

Dec 3 Howard Hanson conducts premiere of his 4th Symphony ("Requiem") with the Boston Symphony; wins Pulitzer Prize for Music, 1944

  • Dec 3 World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins
  • Dec 4 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü

Sports History

Dec 4 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis announces any baseball club may sign Negroes

  • Dec 4 Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr Ribar
  • Dec 5 NFL Philadelphia Eagle-Pitts Steeler merger dissolves

Historic Event

Dec 8 John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 10 British 8th Army (1st Canadian Infantry Division) occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy
  • Dec 13 150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol
  • Dec 16 "Tamiami Champion" (New York to Florida) trains collide, kills 73 & injures 200