Historical Events in 1944

Events 1 - 200 of 807

  • Jan 1 10th Orange Bowl: LSU beats Texas A&M, 19-14
  • Jan 1 10th Sugar Bowl: Georgia Tech beats Tulsa, 20-18
  • Jan 1 1st feature-length foreign movie "African Journey", shown on TV, NYC
  • Jan 1 30th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats #12 Washington, 29-0
  • Jan 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1 General Clark replaces General Patton as commander of US 7th Army
  • Jan 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)

Battle of Interest

Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Pappy Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Japanese Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero

  • Jan 4 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)

Appointment of Interest

Jan 4 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st African American official in US State Department

  • Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered in Philadelphia
  • Jan 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established

Conference of Interest

Jan 12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill & French General Charles de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh

  • Jan 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • Jan 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
  • Jan 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

Music Concert

Jan 18 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time - performers include Louis Armstrong, Billie Holiday, Lionel Hampton, Mildred Bailey, Red Norvo, Roy Eldridge, Jack Teagarden, and Benny Goodman, via remote hook-up. [1]

  • Jan 20 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • Jan 23 Detroit Red Wings score 15 goals against New York Rangers with an NHL record 37 points; also record consecutive goals & most lopsided game, 15-0
  • Jan 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy

Sports History

Jan 27 Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves

Siege of Leningrad

Jan 27 Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed

  • Jan 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin

Music History

Jan 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • Jan 28 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched
  • Jan 29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland
  • Jan 29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy
  • Jan 30 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • Jan 30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands

D-Day

Jan 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June

  • Jan 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
  • Feb 1 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • Feb 1 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • Feb 2 4th US marine division conquers Roi, Marshall Islands
  • Feb 2 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • Feb 2 Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • Feb 2 Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.

Theater Premiere

Feb 4 Jean Anouilh's play "Antigone" premieres in Paris

  • Feb 4 US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein, in the Pacific

Film Premiere

Feb 5 "Captain American" serial film premieres starring Dick Purcell, first appearance of a Marvel superhero outside a comic

  • Feb 5 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin

Music History

Feb 7 Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records (Academy Award Best Original Song)

  • Feb 7 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy
  • Feb 8 1st African American reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • Feb 8 U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 9 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 10 Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • Feb 10 U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
  • Feb 11 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • Feb 11 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 12 Wendell Wilkie enters the race to be the Republican nominee for US President
  • Feb 14 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • Feb 14 Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing"
  • Feb 15 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • Feb 15 Allies begin attack on Axis held Monte Cassino monastery, Italy

Battle of Eniwetok

Feb 17 Battle of Eniwetok begins with US forces landing on Canna and Camelia islets in the Pacific

  • Feb 17 Operation Hailstone: US begins night bombing of Truk island in the Pacific
  • Feb 18 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall signs a contract to play baseball with the Cincinnati Reds just one day after playing in a high school basketball game; debuts later that year
  • Feb 18 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • Feb 19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 19 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • Feb 20 Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
  • Feb 20 Battle of Eniwetok: US forces take Enewetak Atoll at the cost of 37 Americans killed or missing and 94 wounded, Japanese losses were 800 dead and 23 prisoners
  • Feb 20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
  • Feb 21 "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • Feb 22 World War II: US Army Air Forces accidentally bomb Dutch town of Nijmegen, around 800 civilians die
  • Feb 23 Battle of Eniwetok ends as US forces complete the capture of Parry Island from the Japanese 1st Amphibious Brigade
  • Feb 23 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.

Coup d'état

Feb 24 Minister of War Juan Perón leads a coup in Argentina

  • Feb 25 Alexander Gretchaninov's "Missa Oecumenica" (Ecumenical Mass) premieres in Boston with Serge Koussevitzky conducting the Boston Symphony Orchestra; the composer wrote the work in memory of the conductor's wife Natalie (1880-1942)
  • Feb 25 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • Feb 26 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • Feb 28 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • Feb 29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death

Historic Event

Feb 29 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

  • Feb 29 US troop land on Los Negros, Admiralty Islands
  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy

Music Premiere

Mar 3 Premiere performance of US Army Corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony by the Boston Symphony, conducted by Serge Koussevitzky in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy

Music Premiere

Mar 5 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony by the National Symphony, in Washington, D.C.

  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japan begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested

Historic Event

Mar 13 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio

  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason
  • Mar 17 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts after months of volcanic unrest, destroying several towns near the volcano
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 19 British composer Michael Tippett's oratorio "A Child of Our Time" premieres at the Adelphi Theatre, London, England
  • Mar 20 2,500 women trample guards and floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois department store
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • Mar 21 General Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy
  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin

Film & TV History

Mar 22 American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin

  • Mar 23 Italian resistance group bombs occupying German police at Via Rasella, Rome; killing 33 and wounding 110 of the 156 man force; retaliation kills 335 civilians
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin

Execution

Mar 24 Ardeatine massacre: Nazis led by SS officers Herbert Kappler, Erich Priebke and Karl Hass execute 335 civilians and political prisoners in occupied Rome in retaliation for the previous day's Via Rassela bombing that killed 33 Germans [1]

  • Mar 24 RAF rear gunner Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, suffers only a sprained leg
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany

Historic Event

Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp

  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth, 42-40; Utes' first title; small forward Arnie Ferrin is named tournament MOP
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle and begins writing "Pippi Longstocking"
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India

Music Premiere

Apr 2 Dmitri Shostakovich's 8th Symphony premieres in NY

Historic Event

Apr 2 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union

  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack German battleship Tirpitz at Kåfjorden, Norway
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia

Historic Event

Apr 4 French General Charles de Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists

  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • Apr 7 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings

Catholic Encyclical

Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from the Axis powers
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague

Historic Event

Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC

  • Apr 13 New Zealand and the Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 5-4 in overtime for a 4-0 series sweep; Canadiens' first SC triumph since 1931
  • Apr 13 Transport #71 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,500 French Jews to Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; an estimated 91 survived
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • Apr 14 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 17 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4; second straight victory; 3rd of 4 titles
  • Apr 19 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 20 NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • Apr 21 NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New Guinea
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • Apr 27 Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.

Meeting of Interest

Apr 28 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs

Baseball Record

Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time

  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 2 WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
  • May 3 "Going My Way", directed by Leo McCarey and starring Bing Crosby premieres in New York (Academy Award for Best Picture, 1945)
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US

Film Release

May 4 MGM releases film adaptation of "Gaslight", starring Charles Boyer, Ingrid Bergman, and an 18-year-old Angela Lansbury in her film debut

  • May 5 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO

Historic Event

May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes Governor of Louisiana
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Joe McCarthy returns as New York Yankees as manager after an illness
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him
  • May 13 69th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2