On This Day

Historical Events in April 1944

  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union

Music Premiere

Apr 2 Dmitri Shostakovich's 8th Symphony premieres in NY

  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack German battleship Tirpitz at KÃ¥fjorden, Norway
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia

Historic Event

Apr 4 French General Charles de Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists

  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis

D-Day

Apr 7 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings

Catholic Encyclical

Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from the Axis powers
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague

Historic Event

Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC

  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 5-4 in overtime for a 4-0 series sweep; Canadiens' first SC triumph since 1931

Historic Event

Apr 13 Transport #71 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,500 French Jews to Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; an estimated 91 survived

  • Apr 13 New Zealand and the Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

Historic Event

Apr 14 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force

  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 17 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4; second straight victory; 3rd of 4 titles
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 19 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 20 NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • Apr 21 NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New Guinea
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • Apr 27 Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0

Meeting of Interest

Apr 28 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time