On This Day

Historical Events in April 1944

  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Apr 2 Dmitri Shostakovich's 8th Symphony premieres in NY

  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz at KÃ¥fjorden, Norway
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • Apr 4 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis

Battle of InterestD-Day

Apr 7 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis

  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC

Playwright Lillian Hellman
Playwright
Lillian Hellman
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 5-4 in overtime for a 4-0 series sweep; Canadiens' first SC triumph since 1931
  • Apr 13 Transport #71 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,500 French Jews to Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; an estimated 91 survived
  • Apr 13 New Zealand and the Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 17 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4; second straight victory; 3rd of 4 titles
  • Apr 18 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet "Fancy Free" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 19 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 20 NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • Apr 21 NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • Apr 27 Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time