On This Day

Historical Events in December 1944

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Béla Bartòk's Concerto for orchestra, premieres

Composer and Pianist Béla Bartok
Composer and Pianist
Béla Bartok
  • Dec 1 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • Dec 1 Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
  • Dec 2 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)
  • Dec 2 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • Dec 2 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
  • Dec 2 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar
  • Dec 3 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • Dec 3 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • Dec 3 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • Dec 3 Temporary merger of 2 NFL teams, the Pittsburgh Steelers and Chicago Cardinals, dissolves at finish of season; WWII ends before start of 1945 season, so both teams resume normal operations
  • Dec 3 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • Dec 3 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists
  • Dec 3 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • Dec 4 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • Dec 5 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht

  • Dec 6 US 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall
  • Dec 7 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • Dec 7 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • Dec 10 9 Dutch citizens hanged by nazis
  • Dec 10 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • Dec 11 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • Dec 13 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
  • Dec 13 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 14 Beginning of Liese-Aktion: Germany tries to recruit Dutch men for the Germany labor force
  • Dec 14 US Congress establishes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • Dec 14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 15 Bandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel

Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer Glenn Miller
Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer
Glenn Miller
Long Distance Swimmer Matthew Webb
Long Distance Swimmer
Matthew Webb

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 15 Bandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel

Long Distance Swimmer Matthew Webb
Long Distance Swimmer
Matthew Webb
Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer Glenn Miller
Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer
Glenn Miller
  • Dec 15 Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 15 US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Dec 15 US troops land on Mindoro
  • Dec 16 Nazi Germany launches a counteroffensive against the Allies in the Ardennes region of Belgium, beginning the 'Battle of the Bulge'
  • Dec 16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • Dec 16 US 2nd Infantry division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid

Sport awardNFL Championship

Dec 17 National Football League Championship, Polo Grounds, NYC: Green Bay Packers beat New York Giants, 14-7 for 6th and final league title under long-time coach Curly Lambeau

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau
American Football Player Mel Hein
American Football Player
Mel Hein

  • Dec 17 San Francisco M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service & is extended to Market St
  • Dec 17 US Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast, detainees released
  • Dec 17 US destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
  • Dec 18 US Destroyers Hull, Spence & Monaghan sink in typhoon (Philippines)
  • Dec 18 Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants
  • Dec 20 Archbishop De Young & bishop Huibers condemn black market
  • Dec 20 Battle of Bastogne: Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
  • Dec 20 Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions
  • Dec 20 Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London
  • Dec 21 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
  • Dec 22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
  • Dec 22 Sub Swordfish departs Pearl Harbor for Japan
  • Dec 23 Beginning of 'the harsh winter', contributes to the famine that develops in the Netherlands

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Dec 26 Battle of Bastogne: US General Patton's 3rd Army repulses Germans

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Dec 26 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Dec 26 Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie" premieres in Chicago

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Dec 27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • Dec 28 Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt, Belgium
  • Dec 28 Former Wash 3rd baseman Buddy Lewis wins Distinguished Flying Cross
  • Dec 28 Leonard Bernstein's musical "On the Town" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 Montreal right wing Maurice 'Rocket' Richard becomes first player in NHL history to score 8 points in one game with 5 goals and 3 assists in the Canadiens' 9-1 win over the Detroit Red Wings

Ice Hockey Player Maurice Richard
Ice Hockey Player
Maurice Richard
  • Dec 29 Belgian Nazi Leon Degrelle sentenced to death
  • Dec 29 General Eisenhower's train returns to Versailles
  • Dec 30 King George II of Greece, abdicates his throne, appointing Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens as Regent in 1945
  • Dec 31 48 people die in a train accident in Ogden, Utah
  • Dec 31 Japanese army evacuates harbor city Akyab
  • Dec 31 World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany.