On This Day

Historical Events in February 1944

  • Feb 1 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • Feb 1 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • Feb 2 4th US marine division conquers Roi, Marshall Islands
  • Feb 2 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • Feb 2 Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • Feb 2 Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • Feb 4 Jean Anouilh's play "Antigone" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 4 US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein, in the Pacific
  • Feb 5 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin

Film release premierFilm Premier

Feb 5 "Captain American" serial film premieres starring Dick Purcell, first appearance of a Marvel superhero outside a comic

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records (Academy Award Best Originial Song)

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Feb 7 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy
  • Feb 8 1st African American reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • Feb 8 U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 9 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland

  • Feb 10 Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • Feb 10 U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
  • Feb 11 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • Feb 11 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 12 Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
  • Feb 14 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • Feb 14 Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing"
  • Feb 15 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • Feb 15 Allies begin attack on Axis held Monte Cassino monastery, Italy

Battle of InterestBattle of Eniwetok

Feb 17 Battle of Eniwetok begins with US forces landing on Canna and Camelia islets
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US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
  • Feb 17 US begins night bombing of Truk
  • Feb 18 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • Feb 18 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall signs a contract to play baseball with the Cincinnati Reds just one day after playing in a high school basketball game; debuts later that year
  • Feb 19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 19 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • Feb 20 Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
  • Feb 20 Battle of Eniwetok: US forces take Enewetak Atoll at the cost of 37 Americans killed or missing and 94 wounded, Japanese losses were 800 dead and 23 prisoners
  • Feb 20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
  • Feb 21 "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • Feb 22 World War II: US Army Air Forces accidentally bomb Dutch town of Nijmegen, around 800 civilians die
  • Feb 23 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
  • Feb 23 Battle of Eniwetok ends as US forces complete the capture of Parry Island from the Japanese 1st Amphibious Brigade

BattleCoup d'état

Feb 24 Minister of War Juan Perón leads a coup in Argentina

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Feb 25 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • Feb 26 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • Feb 28 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • Feb 29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • Feb 29 US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II