On This Day

Historical Events in June 1944

Battle of InterestD-Day

Jun 1 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day
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"Into the Jaws of Death" by Robert F. Sargent
  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • Jun 1 Washington Senators MLB outfielder Stan Spence goes 6-for-6 in an 11-5 win over the St. Louis Browns; collects 5 singles and a home run

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and Bernard Montgomery dine in Portsmouth, England

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 2 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • Jun 3 76th Belmont: G L Smith riding Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
  • Jun 3 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jun 4 French general De Gaulle arrives in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5th after receiving unfavorable weather reports

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion
  • Jun 5 Allies march into Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

  • Jun 5 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6
  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église
  • Jun 6 World War II: All Major League Baseball games are cancelled in honor of the D-Day landings in northern France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • Jun 6 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • Jun 7 Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th Division occupies Bayeux during the Normandy invasion
  • Jun 7 British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen
  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • Jun 10 Relief pitcher Joe Nuxhall at 15 years, 316 days, debuts for Cincinnati Reds; youngest player in MLB history; becomes All Star and broadcaster
  • Jun 10 Nazi forces carry out a massacre of 642 civilians in the French village Oradour-sur-Glane
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London

  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne batallion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific

ExecutionGeorge Stinney is Executed

Jun 16 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America
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The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu Japan
  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 17 Iceland dissolves its union with Denmark and declares itself a Republic
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 19 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 22 Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 26 Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces