Historical Events in June 1944

D-Day

Jun 1 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day

  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • Jun 1 Washington Senators MLB outfielder Stan Spence goes 6-for-6 in an 11-5 win over the St. Louis Browns; collects 5 singles and a home run
  • Jun 2 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • Jun 3 76th Belmont: G. L. Smith riding Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
  • Jun 3 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome

Historic Event

Jun 4 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Historic Event

Jun 4 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in London

Historic Event

Jun 4 General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5th after receiving unfavorable weather reports

  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas
  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6
  • Jun 5 Allied forces march into Rome
  • Jun 5 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion

Historic Event

Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • Jun 6 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église
  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II
  • Jun 6 World War II: All Major League Baseball games are cancelled in honor of the D-Day landings in northern France
  • Jun 7 Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen
  • Jun 7 British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th Division occupies Bayeux during the Normandy invasion
  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • Jun 10 Nazi forces carry out a massacre of 642 civilians in the French village Oradour-sur-Glane
  • Jun 10 Relief pitcher Joe Nuxhall at 15 years, 316 days, debuts for Cincinnati Reds; youngest player in MLB history; becomes All Star and broadcaster
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan
  • Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific

George Stinney is Executed

Jun 16 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America

  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution

Historic Event

Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu, Japan
  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba
  • Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with Field Marshals von Rundstedt and Rommel in Marjival, Soissons, France to assess response to Normandy Invasion
  • Jun 17 Iceland dissolves its union with Denmark and declares itself a Republic
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 Farewell concert of conductor Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel

Famous Photo

Jun 19 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"

  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel

Historic Event

Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz

  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in the Philippine Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese
  • Jun 22 Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre

Historic Event

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Historic Event

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 26 Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 French Nazi collaborator Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces