On This Day

Historical Events in March 1944

  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy

Music Premiere

Mar 3 Premiere performance of US Army Corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony by the Boston Symphony, conducted by Serge Koussevitzky in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy

Music Premiere

Mar 5 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony by the National Symphony, in Washington, D.C.

  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japan begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio
  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason
  • Mar 17 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts after months of volcanic unrest, destroying several towns near the volcano
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20 2,500 women trample guards and floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois department store
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16

Historic Event

Mar 21 General Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy

  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin

Film & TV History

Mar 22 American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin

  • Mar 23 Italian resistance group bombs occupying German police at Via Rasella, Rome; killing 33 and wounding 110 of the 156 man force; retaliation kills 335 civilians
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute 335 civilians in retaliation for the previous day's Via Rassela bombing that killed 33 Germans
  • Mar 24 RAF rear gunner Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, suffers only a sprained leg
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany

Historic Event

Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp

  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth, 42-40; Utes' first title; small forward Arnie Ferrin is named tournament MOP
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle and begins writing "Pippi Longstocking"
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars