On This Day

Historical Events in May 1944

  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 2 WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US

Film Premiere

May 3 "Going My Way", directed by Leo McCarey and starring Bing Crosby premieres in New York (Academy Award for Best Picture, 1945)

Film Release

May 4 "Gaslight", starring an 18-year-old Angela Lansbury in her film debut, is released

  • May 5 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO

Historic Event

May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes Governor of Louisiana
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him
  • May 13 69th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

Assassination Attempt

May 14 General Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

Historic Event

May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz

  • May 15 Cincinnati Red Clyde Shoun no-hits Boston Braves, 1-0

Historic Event

May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and King George VI discuss the plan for D-Day

  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese and US armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands, including Sinti girl Settela Steinbach famously filmed by Jewish photographer Rudolf Breslauer [1]
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead

Historic Event

May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania's anti fascists

  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Historic Event

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany