On This Day

Historical Events in October 1944

  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro C√≥rdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 1 St Louis Browns beat New York Yankees 5-2 at Sportsman's Park III to win their only AL pennant; lose World Series 4-2 to neighbour Cardinals
  • Oct 2 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek mainland
  • Oct 4 The only all-St. Louis World Series opens at Sportsman's Park with the visiting Browns beating the Cardinals, 2-1 on George McQuinn's home run; Cards win series, 4-2
  • Oct 5 Harold Arlen and Yip Harburg's musical "Bloomer Girl" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviet forces march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Historic Event

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle

Historic Event

Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums

  • Oct 8 "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Music Premiere

Oct 8 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres

  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 9 Baseball World Series: in the only all-St Louis WS, the Cardinals beat the Browns, 3-1 at Sportsman's Park for 4 games to 2 series victory
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Film Release

Oct 11 "Laura" directed by Otto Preminger starring Gene Tierney and Dana Andrews is released in NYC, New York

  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes power in Hungary
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg

Historic Event

Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 19 US Navy says Black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 19 US forces land in the Philippines
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, and 3,600 are left homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen on Germany's western border
  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall

Music History

Oct 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Battle of Gulf of Leyte begins - largest naval battle of WWII near the Philippines
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships and cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Music History

Oct 30 Aaron Copland's ballet score "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washington, D.C. with Martha Graham dancing lead role

Historic Event

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission