On This Day

Historical Events in September 1944

  • Sep 1 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns

Historic Event

Sep 1 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal

  • Sep 2 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • Sep 2 Future US President George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific
  • Sep 2 US leaders meet in Belgium

Historic Event

Sep 3 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp [1]

  • Sep 3 68th and last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Sep 3 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • Sep 3 French troops liberate Lyon
  • Sep 3 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Netherlands Domestic Armed Forces
  • Sep 3 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • Sep 4 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • Sep 4 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • Sep 4 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • Sep 4 US 1st Army frees Namur, Belgium
  • Sep 4 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Frank Parker wins 1st of 4 Grand Slam titles; beats William Talbert 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 6-3
  • Sep 4 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Pauline Betz Addie wins her third straight US title; beats Margaret Osborne 6-3, 8-6
  • Sep 5 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • Sep 5 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • Sep 5 Allies liberate Brussels
  • Sep 5 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty

Historic Event

Sep 5 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

  • Sep 5 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • Sep 6 Gen Von Zangen's 15th army escape from Zealand
  • Sep 7 SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal, Belgium
  • Sep 7 Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12)
  • Sep 8 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • Sep 8 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • Sep 9 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • Sep 9 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • Sep 9 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • Sep 9 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far"
  • Sep 11 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany

Conference of Interest

Sep 12 Second Quebec Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and the Combined Chiefs of Staff meet in Quebec City, Canada to discuss Allied occupation zones, the Morgenthau Plan, U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain and the role of the Royal Navy

  • Sep 12 Noorbeek becomes the first liberated community in the Netherlands during World War II
  • Sep 12 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • Sep 13 Great Atlantic hurricane reaches peak intensity as a Category 4 storm, goes on to kill 300-400 along the US East Coast
  • Sep 13 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • Sep 13 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • Sep 13 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall

Historic Event

Sep 13 Amon Göth removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property

  • Sep 14 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • Sep 14 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • Sep 14 Great Atlantic hurricane hits New England, 300-400 die along the US East Coast
  • Sep 14 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • Sep 14 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
  • Sep 15 British bombers hit German battleship Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • Sep 15 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Sep 15 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • Sep 15 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • Sep 15 US troops land on islands of Palau and Morotai, western Pacific
  • Sep 17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • Sep 17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • Sep 17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • Sep 18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • Sep 18 Eindhoven freed by American and British trrops (Lightly Day)
  • Sep 18 US 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne
  • Sep 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • Sep 19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
  • Sep 20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • Sep 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel after a delay due to bad weather and a shortage of planes
  • Sep 22 Boulogne reoccupied by the Allies
  • Sep 22 US troops land on Ulithi atoll, western Pacific

Historic Event

Sep 22 President Jose P. Laurel declares the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

  • Sep 23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • Sep 25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • Sep 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • Sep 26 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • Sep 27 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated

D-Day

Sep 28 Theodore Roosevelt Jr., son of President Theodore Roosevelt, is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for directing troops at Utah Beach during the D-Day landings

  • Sep 28 1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise)
  • Sep 28 Nazi forces begin killing civilians in the Italian village of Marzabotto
  • Sep 29 Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH
  • Sep 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • Sep 30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • Sep 30 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms