Historical Events in 1944 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 805

  • Jul 25 1st jet fighter used in combat (Messerschmitt 262)
  • Jul 25 Japanese banzai-attack on Guam
  • Jul 25 Operation Cobra: US forces begin major offensive in Normandy with air bombardment
  • Jul 25 World War II: Operation Spring - one of Canada's bloodiest days, 18,444 casualties and 5,021 killed
  • Jul 26 Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
  • Jul 26 Soviet troops arrive in Weichsel
  • Jul 26 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").
  • Jul 26 US offensive at St-Lo/2nd Armour div occupies St Gilles
  • Jul 27 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
  • Jul 27 Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
  • Jul 27 US troops occupy le Mesnil-Herman/Hill 183 Normandy

Historic Event

Jul 28 Adolf Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy

  • Jul 28 US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
  • Jul 29 Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours
  • Jul 29 Frank McCormick (Reds) HR off Ace Adams (Giants) in both games of DH
  • Jul 29 US 4th Armour division occupiers Avranches (Normandy, France)
  • Jul 30 WWII: US 30th division reaches the suburbs of Saint-Lô, Normandy with heavy battles also occurring at Tessy-sur-Vire and Villebaudon

Historic Event

Jul 31 Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz

  • Jul 31 Transport #77 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • Jul 31 US troops occupy Sansapor, New Guinea

Election of Interest

Aug 1 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. elected 1st African-American congressman from New York

Historic Event

Aug 1 Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested

  • Aug 1 General Montgomery takes command of 12th & 21st army
  • Aug 1 Polish resistance fighters of the Home Army launch the Warsaw Uprising, the largest military effort undertaken by a resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • Aug 1 US 90th division occupies St Hilaire-du-Harcourt
  • Aug 1 US troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
  • Aug 2 Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker
  • Aug 2 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with Nazi Germany
  • Aug 3 Allied troops under Lieutenant-General Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma
  • Aug 3 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies
  • Aug 3 General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter
  • Aug 4 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified
  • Aug 4 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy

Historic Event

Aug 4 Finnish government passes a special act making Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim President of Finland

  • Aug 5 German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising
  • Aug 5 US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne
  • Aug 5 US troops occupy Vannes, Brittany
  • Aug 6 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • Aug 6 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 6 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
  • Aug 6 US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes
  • Aug 7 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • Aug 7 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
  • Aug 7 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 7 IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I)
  • Aug 7 July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins
  • Aug 7 US 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest, Brittany
  • Aug 8 Canada/Polish troops occupy Cramesnil/Secqueville/Cintheaux/St-Aignan
  • Aug 8 US 15th Army corps occupies Le Mans
  • Aug 9 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • Aug 9 Smokey Bear debuts as spokesman for fire prevention for US Forest Service (named after NYC fireman Smokey Joe Martin)
  • Aug 9 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans
  • Aug 10 Battle for Guam ends, US troops recapture Guam from the Japanese
  • Aug 10 Braves Red Barrett throws only 58 pitches to shut out Cincinnati Reds 2-0
  • Aug 10 Race riots in Athens, Alabama
  • Aug 10 US/French offensive at Alencon

Historic Event

Aug 11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

  • Aug 11 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées

Historic Event

Aug 11 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz

  • Aug 11 US air raid on Palembang
  • Aug 12 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
  • Aug 12 Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.

Historic Event

Aug 13 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey and Omar Bradley discuss a future breakthrough in the European theatre during World War II

  • Aug 13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • Aug 13 Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio
  • Aug 14 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • Aug 14 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • Aug 14 Soviet offensive at Weichsel
  • Aug 15 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed

Historic Event

Aug 15 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler

  • Aug 15 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • Aug 15 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • Aug 15 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • Aug 15 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • Aug 16 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 16 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • Aug 16 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • Aug 16 US 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux
  • Aug 17 4th Canadian Armoured division occupiers Trun, Normandy
  • Aug 17 Canadian 2nd division conquers Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 17 German field marshal Walter Model replaces Günther von Kluge in Normandy
  • Aug 17 Soviet troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • Aug 17 US 12 Army Corps occupies Orleans
  • Aug 17 US 320th regiment infantry occupies Châteaudun
  • Aug 17 Yanks Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game

Historic Event

Aug 18 Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII led by General George S. Patton

  • Aug 18 Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • Aug 18 US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris
  • Aug 19 Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
  • Aug 19 Last Japanese troops driven out of India
  • Aug 19 Nazis give parts of Paris to Resistance
  • Aug 19 Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
  • Aug 19 Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
  • Aug 19 US 15th Army Corps occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
  • Aug 19 US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy
  • Aug 20 "Anna Lucasta" opens on Broadway

Historic Event

Aug 20 French General Charles de Gaulle returns to France

PGA Championship

Aug 20 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Manito G & CC: Bob Hamilton wins his only major title, 1 up in the 36-hole final over heavily favoured Byron Nelson

  • Aug 20 Soviet offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev
  • Aug 20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • Aug 21 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • Aug 21 Grieg, Wright and Forrest's musical "Song of Norway" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 21 Raid on Jewish children's house in Secrétan/St-Mandé
  • Aug 21 US 12nd Army Corps occupies Sens
  • Aug 22 Adolf Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd]
  • Aug 22 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 23 94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt
  • Aug 23 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • Aug 23 British general Bernard Montgomery consults with US Generals Omar Bradley and Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Aug 23 General George Leclerc's troops advance towards Paris
  • Aug 23 Romanian Royal coup: King Michael orders forces to cease fire against Allies and dismisses pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
  • Aug 23 Sammellager Drancy freed
  • Aug 23 US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
  • Aug 23 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
  • Aug 24 General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris
  • Aug 25 France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame
  • Aug 25 French General Charles de Gaulle walks the Champs Elysees in Paris after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation
  • Aug 25 US Army XII Corps reaches Troyes, France
  • Aug 26 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed
  • Aug 26 Charles de Gaulle marches along the Champs-Elysees, despite coming under fire
  • Aug 26 US 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris
  • Aug 27 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • Aug 28 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • Aug 28 US air raid on Ambon Island, Dutch East Indies
  • Aug 29 15,000 American troops liberating Paris march down Champs Elysees
  • Aug 29 Anti-German rebellion in Slovakia
  • Aug 30 11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769)
  • Aug 30 Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 30 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
  • Aug 31 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy
  • Aug 31 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
  • Aug 31 French troops liberate Bordeaux
  • Aug 31 Soviet & Romanian troops march into Bucharest
  • Sep 1 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns

Historic Event

Sep 1 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal

  • Sep 2 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • Sep 2 Future US President George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific
  • Sep 2 US leaders meet in Belgium
  • Sep 3 68th and last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Sep 3 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • Sep 3 French troops liberate Lyon
  • Sep 3 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp [1]
  • Sep 3 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Netherlands Domestic Armed Forces
  • Sep 3 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • Sep 4 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • Sep 4 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • Sep 4 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • Sep 4 US 1st Army frees Namur, Belgium
  • Sep 4 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Frank Parker wins 1st of 4 Grand Slam titles; beats William Talbert 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 6-3
  • Sep 4 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Pauline Betz Addie wins her third straight US title; beats Margaret Osborne 6-3, 8-6
  • Sep 5 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • Sep 5 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • Sep 5 Allies liberate Brussels
  • Sep 5 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty
  • Sep 5 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland
  • Sep 5 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • Sep 6 Gen Von Zangen's 15th army escape from Zealand
  • Sep 7 SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal, Belgium
  • Sep 7 Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12)
  • Sep 8 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • Sep 8 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • Sep 9 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • Sep 9 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • Sep 9 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • Sep 9 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far"
  • Sep 11 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany
  • Sep 12 Noorbeek becomes the first liberated community in the Netherlands during World War II

Conference of Interest

Sep 12 Second Quebec Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and the Combined Chiefs of Staff meet in Quebec City, Canada to discuss Allied occupation zones, the Morgenthau Plan, U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain and the role of the Royal Navy

  • Sep 12 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • Sep 13 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten

Historic Event

Sep 13 Amon Göth removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property

  • Sep 13 Great Atlantic hurricane reaches peak intensity as a Category 4 storm, goes on to kill 300-400 along the US East Coast
  • Sep 13 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • Sep 13 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall
  • Sep 14 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • Sep 14 Great Atlantic hurricane hits New England, 300-400 die along the US East Coast
  • Sep 14 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • Sep 14 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • Sep 14 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
  • Sep 15 British bombers hit German battleship Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • Sep 15 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Sep 15 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • Sep 15 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • Sep 15 US troops land on islands of Palau and Morotai, western Pacific
  • Sep 17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • Sep 17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • Sep 17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • Sep 18 WWII: British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave laborers
  • Sep 18 WWII: Eindhoven, Netherlands freed by American and British troops (Lightly Day)
  • Sep 18 WWII: US 266th division defeats German troops at Brest Bretagne in Brittany, France after a 7 week siege; 37,000 prisoners taken, ports rendered useless
  • Sep 19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
  • Sep 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • Sep 20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • Sep 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel after a delay due to bad weather and a shortage of planes
  • Sep 22 Boulogne reoccupied by the Allies