Historical Events in 1944 (Part 4)

Events 601 - 800 of 807

Historic Event

Sep 22 President Jose P. Laurel declares the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

  • Sep 22 US troops land on Ulithi atoll, western Pacific
  • Sep 23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • Sep 25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • Sep 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • Sep 26 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • Sep 27 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated
  • Sep 28 1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise)
  • Sep 28 Nazi forces begin killing civilians in the Italian village of Marzabotto

D-Day

Sep 28 Theodore Roosevelt Jr., son of President Theodore Roosevelt, is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for directing troops at Utah Beach during the D-Day landings

  • Sep 29 Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH
  • Sep 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • Sep 30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten, Netherlands
  • Sep 30 Calais reoccupied by the Allies
  • Sep 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 1 St Louis Browns beat New York Yankees 5-2 at Sportsman's Park III to win their only AL pennant; lose World Series 4-2 to neighbour Cardinals
  • Oct 2 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek mainland
  • Oct 4 The only all-St. Louis World Series opens at Sportsman's Park with the visiting Browns beating the Cardinals, 2-1 on George McQuinn's home run; Cards win series, 4-2
  • Oct 5 Harold Arlen and Yip Harburg's musical "Bloomer Girl" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviet forces march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Historic Event

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle

Historic Event

Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums

  • Oct 8 "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Music Premiere

Oct 8 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres at The Town Hall, NYC, in a performance by Daniel Saidenberg and his Little Symphony

  • Oct 9 Baseball World Series: in the only all-St Louis WS, the Cardinals beat the Browns, 3-1 at Sportsman's Park for 4 games to 2 series victory
  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die

Film Release

Oct 11 "Laura" directed by Otto Preminger starring Gene Tierney and Dana Andrews is released in NYC, New York

  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Music Concert

Oct 12 "Columbus Day Riot": 30,000 fans descend on NYC's Times Square for singer Frank Sinatra's performance at Paramount Theatre (capacity 3,500)

  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during World War II
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes power in Hungary
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg

Historic Event

Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 19 US forces land in the Philippines
  • Oct 19 US Navy says Black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, and 3,600 are left homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen on Germany's western border
  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens

Music History

Oct 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 Battle of Gulf of Leyte begins - largest naval battle of WWII near the Philippines
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships and cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Music History

Oct 30 Aaron Copland's ballet score "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washington, D.C. with Martha Graham dancing lead role

Historic Event

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission
  • Nov 1 Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • Nov 1 Zeeuws & Flanders liberated
  • Nov 2 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • Nov 2 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 3 Allied commandos land at Westkapelle, on the Dutch island of Walcheren
  • Nov 3 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • Nov 3 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • Nov 3 US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 RAF bombs Dinteloord (Netherlands), 54 killed
  • Nov 5 Allied troops reach Zoutelande, Walcheren
  • Nov 5 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • Nov 5 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die

Election of Interest

Nov 7 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for a record fourth term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey

  • Nov 7 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • Nov 8 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
  • Nov 8 Last German troops at Walcheren Island, Netherlands surrender
  • Nov 9 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
  • Nov 9 Walcheren purged of Nazi troops
  • Nov 10 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands
  • Nov 10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • Nov 10 US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
  • Nov 11 New York Rangers beat Detroit Red Wings, 5-2 to end NHL record 25 game winless streak (0-21-4)
  • Nov 12 RAF sinks German battleship Tirpitz at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • Nov 15 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • Nov 16 US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • Nov 19 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • Nov 20 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • Nov 20 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • Nov 20 Dutch Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda, Netherlands
  • Nov 21 Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • Nov 22 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen

Film Premiere

Nov 22 Film musical "Meet Me In St Louis", starring Judy Garland, and directed by Vincente Minnelli, premieres at Loew’s State Theater on Washington Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri

Music History

Nov 23 Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon" premieres in NYC

Victory in Battle

Nov 23 US 7th army under General Alexander Patch conquers Straatsburg

  • Nov 24 US bombers based on Saipan begin 1st attack on Tokyo
  • Nov 25 32nd CFL Grey Cup: Montreal HMCS defeat Hamilton Flying Wildcats, 7-6
  • Nov 25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • Nov 26 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor

Historic Event

Nov 26 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoria

  • Nov 27 4,000 shells detonate in RAF arms depot at Fauld, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; village of Hanbury destroyed, at least 70 people killed
  • Nov 27 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen in Germany
  • Nov 28 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • Nov 28 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
  • Nov 28 Detroit Tigers pitcher Hal Newhouser is named AL MVP
  • Nov 28 In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis
  • Nov 28 US 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen
  • Nov 29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • Nov 29 Johns Hopkins hospital in Baltimore performs 1st open heart surgery
  • Nov 29 The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome is performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas
  • Nov 30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched

Music Premiere

Dec 1 Béla Bartòk's Concerto for orchestra, premieres in Symphony Hall, Boston, by the Boston Symphony Orchestra conducted by Serge Koussevitzky

  • Dec 1 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • Dec 2 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)
  • Dec 2 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • Dec 2 German troops seize dikles in Betuwse, Netherland
  • Dec 2 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar, GErmany
  • Dec 3 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • Dec 3 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • Dec 3 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • Dec 3 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • Dec 3 Temporary merger of 2 NFL teams, the Pittsburgh Steelers and Chicago Cardinals, dissolves at finish of season; WWII ends before start of 1945 season, so both teams resume normal operations
  • Dec 3 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists
  • Dec 3 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • Dec 4 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • Dec 5 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • Dec 6 US 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall
  • Dec 7 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • Dec 7 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • Dec 10 9 Dutch citizens hanged by Nazis
  • Dec 10 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • Dec 11 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • Dec 13 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
  • Dec 13 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 14 Beginning of Liese-Aktion: Germany tries to recruit Dutch men for the Germany labor force
  • Dec 14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • Dec 14 US Congress establishes rank of General of Army (5-star General)

Music History

Dec 15 American bandleader Major Glenn Miller, lost over the English Channel

  • Dec 15 Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms
  • Dec 15 US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star
  • Dec 15 US troops land on Mindoro (Philippines)
  • Dec 16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • Dec 16 Nazi Germany launches a counteroffensive against the Allies in the Ardennes region of Belgium, beginning the 'Battle of the Bulge'
  • Dec 16 US 2nd Infantry division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid

NFL Championship

Dec 17 National Football League Championship, Polo Grounds, NYC: Green Bay Packers beat New York Giants, 14-7 for 6th and final league title under long-time coach Curly Lambeau

  • Dec 17 San Francisco M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service & is extended to Market St
  • Dec 17 US Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast, detainees released
  • Dec 17 US destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
  • Dec 18 Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants
  • Dec 18 US Destroyers Hull, Spence & Monaghan sink in typhoon (Philippines)
  • Dec 20 Archbishop De Young & bishop Huibers condemn black market
  • Dec 20 Battle of Bastogne: Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
  • Dec 20 Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions

Historic Event

Dec 20 Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London

  • Dec 21 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
  • Dec 22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
  • Dec 22 Sub Swordfish departs Pearl Harbor for Japan
  • Dec 23 Beginning of 'the harsh winter', contributes to the famine that develops in the Netherlands

Victory in Battle

Dec 26 Battle of Bastogne: US General George S. Patton's 3rd Army repulses German forces

  • Dec 26 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army

Theater Premiere

Dec 26 Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie" premieres in Chicago

  • Dec 27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • Dec 28 Dutch Resistance fighter Corrie ten Boom is accidentally released from the Ravensbrück concentration camp, living to speak and educate of her experience in "The Hiding Place"
  • Dec 28 Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt, Belgium
  • Dec 28 Former Wash 3rd baseman Buddy Lewis wins Distinguished Flying Cross

Music Premiere

Dec 28 Leonard Bernstein's musical "On the Town" premieres in NYC

Sports History

Dec 28 Montreal right wing Maurice 'Rocket' Richard becomes first player in NHL history to score 8 points in one game with 5 goals and 3 assists in the Canadiens' 9-1 win over the Detroit Red Wings