Historical Events in August 1945

  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • Aug 1 NY Giants outfielder Mel Ott hits historic 500th MLB home run off Braves Johnny Hutchings, joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx as only players to reach milestone

USASinking of the USS Indianapolis

Aug 2 After 3½ days suffering exhaustion, lack of water and shark attacks in the Philippine Sea, the surviving crew of USS Indianapolis are spotted by Wilbur “Chuck” Gwinn, a PV-1 Ventura pilot on a routine sector search. 316 had survived.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 American golfer Byron Nelson wins Canadian Open at Uplands & Thornhill CC for a record 11th consecutive PGA victory, on way to record season tally of 18

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • Aug 4 Red Sox outfielder Tom McBride drives in MLB record tying 6 runs in an inning (4th) during 15-4 win v Washington

JapanAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"
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  • Aug 6 Australian Test cricket all-rounder Keith Miller scores 110 not out for Australian Services on Day 1 of drawn 4th Victory Test against England at Lord's
  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test
  • Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

JapanNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Aug 9 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies, provided Emperor Hirohito's status remains unchanged

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status

  • Aug 12 Emperor Hirohito of Japan informs the imperial family that he has decided to surrender

Victory in BattleVictory over Japan

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 14 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • Aug 14 Japanese government notifies the Allies that it had accepted the Potsdam Declaration
  • Aug 15 A riot ensues in San Francisco while the city is celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 18 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • Aug 18 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
  • Aug 19 Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins
  • Aug 20 Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR
  • Aug 20 Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
  • Aug 20 Soviet troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • Aug 21 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • Aug 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • Aug 22 Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London
  • Aug 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup
  • Aug 24 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • Aug 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • Aug 26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • Aug 27 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • Aug 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Aug 30 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 30 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th Symphony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies