Historical Events in January 1945

  • Jan 1 11th Orange Bowl: Tulsa beats #13 Georgia Tech, 26-12
  • Jan 1 11th Sugar Bowl: #11 Duke beats Alabama, 29-26
  • Jan 1 31st Rose Bowl: #7 Southern California beats #12 Tennessee, 25-0
  • Jan 1 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • Jan 2 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • Jan 2 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • Jan 3 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Historic Event

Jan 3 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits France

  • Jan 3 Cato-Meridian School, New York, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • Jan 3 Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • Jan 3 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa
  • Jan 4 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
  • Jan 4 US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
  • Jan 5 Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
  • Jan 5 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam

Historic Event

Jan 7 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes

  • Jan 7 The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • Jan 8 "Youth for Christ" organizes
  • Jan 8 University of Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team sets an NCAA record by holding Arkansas State to 6 points in a 75-6 win

Historic Event

Jan 9 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

  • Jan 10 LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • Jan 10 No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
  • Jan 12 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • Jan 12 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • Jan 12 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • Jan 13 Sergei Prokofiev's 5th Symphony premieres by the USSR State Symphony Orchestra conducted by Prokofiev, in the Great Hall of Moscow Conservatory
  • Jan 14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • Jan 15 "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 performances
  • Jan 15 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • Jan 15 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp

Manhattan Project

Jan 15 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory

Historic Event

Jan 16 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker in Berlin

  • Jan 16 Scottish 52nd land division and 1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • Jan 16 US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Historic Event

Jan 17 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation

  • Jan 17 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
  • Jan 17 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears German resistance
  • Jan 17 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by Soviet secret police in Hungary
  • Jan 18 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland to push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country

Historic Event

Jan 20 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

  • Jan 20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • Jan 21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • Jan 22 Burma highway reopens
  • Jan 22 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
  • Jan 23 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Historic Event

Jan 23 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal to evacuate German soldiers and civilians from Prussia by sea

  • Jan 24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • Jan 25 Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • Jan 25 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • Jan 25 NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million
  • Jan 25 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • Jan 26 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Jan 27 Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
  • Jan 27 S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
  • Jan 27 Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • Jan 27 Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • Jan 28 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • Jan 28 General "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell and truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • Jan 28 Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • Jan 30 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • Jan 30 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • Jan 31 Soviet troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
  • Jan 31 US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath