Historical Events in July 1945

  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Baseball Record

Jul 1 First MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg homers in his 1st game (Detroit beats Philadelphia A's 9-5)

Historic Event

Jul 3 James F. Byrnes becomes 49th US Secretary of State, succeeding Edward Stettinius

  • Jul 4 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.

Election of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared

Film Release

Jul 6 Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released; features longest version of their "Who's on First?" routine

United Nations Charter

Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations

  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Washington Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games
  • Jul 10 Admiral Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • Jul 12 Chicago Cubs beat Boston, 6-1 to halt Braves outfielder Tommy Holmes' modern-day record NL hitting streak at 37 games
  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

PGA Championship

Jul 15 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Morraine CC: Byron Nelson wins 5th and final major title and 2nd PGA title; beats ex-MLB player Sam Byrd 4 & 3

  • Jul 16 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves San Francisco with atom bomb
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 21 Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie

Historic Event

Jul 23 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of the French Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II goes on trial

  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister

Potsdam Declaration

Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the unconditional surrender of Japan during WWII

  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum

Nuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Election of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

  • Jul 27 Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees
  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 "Elevator girl" Betty Lou Oliver survives falling 75 stories after fog causes a US bomber plane to crash into the Empire State Building, breaking the cables supporting the elevator she was operating. This remains a world record for the longest survived elevator fall
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender

Historic Event

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
  • Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Sinking of the USS Indianapolis

Jul 30 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-58. 880 of the crew died, many after being attacked by sharks, the inspiration for the movie Jaws.

Victory in Battle

Jul 31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria